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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2010 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 15 | Page No.: 1525-1535
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2010.1525.1535
 
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Co-processing of Grinding Sludge as Alternative Raw Material in Portland Cement Clinker Production

T. Punmatharith, M. Rachakornkij, A. Imyim and M. Wecharatana

Abstract:
This research aimed to investigate the potential of partial substitution of cement raw meal with grinding sludge as an alternative raw material in Portland cement clinker production. Cement raw mixtures with up to 3% raw mix replacement were put through a burning process in a high-temperature furnace. One reference and three modified mixtures, containing 1, 2 and 3% dry weight of grinding sludge were examined. XRF analysis results showed that CaO, SiO2, Al2O3 and Fe2O3 in ordinary cement raw meal were within typical concentration ranges. The grinding sludge had high concentrations of iron, cadmium, chromium and nickel and was consequently classified as a hazardous waste. High Fe2O3 made the grinding sludge a good candidate for alternative raw material. Higher replacement of grinding sludge was found to improve burnability, reduce formation of major of cement compositions (dicalcium silicate, C2S and tricalcium aluminate, C3A), lower in silica and alumina ratios, but promote the formation of tricalcium silicate (C3S) and tetracalcium aluminateferrite (C4AF). Microstructural analysis of the synthesized Portland clinker revealed that the grinding sludge promoted formation of secondary C2S as well as caused color change of C3S. Thai regulatory leaching procedure was performed on the synthesized clinker and mortar samples. The concentrations of heavy metals in the leachate were found below the limits. Moreover, the maximum substitution of grinding sludge was found to be 2% of grinding sludge. Thus, this sludge has potential applications as an alternative raw material in cement production.
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How to cite this article:

T. Punmatharith, M. Rachakornkij, A. Imyim and M. Wecharatana, 2010. Co-processing of Grinding Sludge as Alternative Raw Material in Portland Cement Clinker Production. Journal of Applied Sciences, 10: 1525-1535.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2010.1525.1535

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2010.1525.1535

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