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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2006 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 7 | Page No.: 1481-1489
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2006.1481.1489
 
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Leaching Requirements to Prevent Soil Salinization

Tekin Kara and Lyman S. Willardson

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to develop a model to quantify the rate of upward water movement from a shallow water table for different soils with and without plants as a function of water table depth and time, to predict Electrical Conductivity (EC) of the soil in a one-dimensional homogenous soil profile and to develop a water management procedure to control soil profile salinity in the presence of a shallow water table. The model simulates water and solute movement from a shallow water table for a bare soil surface. Salt distribution in the soil profile, caused by a saline shallow water table, was simulated by assuming a steady state upward water movement in the absence of a crop. As water moves upward through a soil profile from a shallow water table, the water evaporates at the surface, leaving the salt behind. Some of the salt moves down to a depth about 30 cm by molecular diffusion. This raises the salt concentration within the top 30 cm of the soil. The model also simulates crop water extraction patterns and consequently the salt distribution patterns in an irrigated soil profile for a specified root distribution. After a fallow season and the resulting salt concentration near the soil surface, the salt redistributes downward because of irrigation water application. Different leaching fractions were used in the simulations. A computer program, for the model SALTCTRL (Salt Control), was written in QBASIC language. The program was tested for two soils for different leaching fractions. The soil parameters needed for the computations were selected from the literature. Application of model results is discussed and recommendations for further research were made.
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How to cite this article:

Tekin Kara and Lyman S. Willardson , 2006. Leaching Requirements to Prevent Soil Salinization. Journal of Applied Sciences, 6: 1481-1489.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2006.1481.1489

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2006.1481.1489

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