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International Journal of Botany
  Year: 2006 | Volume: 2 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 210-218
DOI: 10.3923/ijb.2006.210.218
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Mycorrhizas in the Perennial Grasses of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan

M.S. Chaudhry, F.H. Nasim and Abdul G. Khan

Roots of eleven perennial grass species and their associated rhizosphere soil samples were collected from different rangeland habitats of Cholistan desert and studied for the occurrence of symbiotic arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) associations of Glomalean fungi with their roots and AM fungal propagules in their rhizospheres. Panicum antidotale roots showed highest percentage of AMF colonization (i.e., 92.75%) while lowest percentage (43.5%) was recorded in the roots of Cyprus conglomeratus. Roots of all the grasses studied had vesicular infection whereas only 27.27% grass species exhibited arbuscular infection. Except Cenchrus biflorus, Dark Septate Endophyte (DSE) fungal hyphae were always present concurrently with the AMF hyphae in the cortices of all the root samples of the grass species studied. Average number of AMF propagules recovered from the rhizospheres of the grasses examined in the present study ranged from 19.33 in Ochthochloa compressa to 356.32 in Cenchrus biflorus. Spores belonging to the Glomus sp. such as G. fasciculatus, G. deserticola and G. agrigatum were the dominant ones among the AMF species encountered in this study. Maximum number of AMF species were recovered from the rhizospheres of Cymbopogon jwarancusa. The potential significance of AMF in the development of mycorrhiza dependent perennial grasses of Cholistan desert is discussed. Researchers could use this knowledge in the revegetation attempts to put a green mantle on the desertified land and to stabilize sand dunes.
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How to cite this article:

M.S. Chaudhry, F.H. Nasim and Abdul G. Khan, 2006. Mycorrhizas in the Perennial Grasses of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. International Journal of Botany, 2: 210-218.

DOI: 10.3923/ijb.2006.210.218






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