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Asian Journal of Plant Sciences
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 17 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 85-90
DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2018.85.90
 
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Comparative Study on Essential Oil Composition in Various Organs of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) Grown Wild in Egypt

Hend Elsayed Wahba and Khalid Ali Khalid

Abstract:
Background and Objective: The essential oil composition of Calotropis procera (C. procera) has various biological properties. Different plant organs such as stems, leaves, flowers and fruits are considered to be a natural source of numerous essential oil constituents. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the C. procera essential oil composition extracted from each plant organ (leaf, stem, flower and fruit). Methodology: Essential oils of different plant organs were isolated by Soxhlet apparatus and then analyzed by GC and GC-MS to identify the essential oil constituents. The averages of data were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Results: Fruits produced the greatest amounts of essential oil contents that recorded the values of 0.9% or 9.0 g kg–1. The major constituents of essential oil isolated from all organs were E-phytol, myristicin, myristic acid and E,E-farnesyl acetone. Leave essential oil produced the greatest amounts of E-phytol (40.5%), myristicin (28.1%) and myristic acid (15.8%) while fruits oil induced the highest amounts of E,E-farnesyl acetone (8%). The highest amounts of monoterpene hydrocarbons, MCH (5.9%), oxygenated monoterpenes, MCHO (4.9%) and sesquiterpenes hydrocarbons, SCH (4.1%) were recorded with essential oil isolated from fruits while the greatest values of oxygenated sesquiterpenes, SCHO (53.9%) and oxygenated diterpenes, DCHO (40.5%) were recorded with leaves essential oil. Conclusion: Plant organs resulted in various changes in essential oil composition of C. procera plants as well as C. procera grow in Egypt produce high amounts of some active ingredients which have an important role in pharmaceutical and drug industries in Egypt.
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How to cite this article:

Hend Elsayed Wahba and Khalid Ali Khalid, 2018. Comparative Study on Essential Oil Composition in Various Organs of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) Grown Wild in Egypt. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 17: 85-90.

DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2018.85.90

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajps.2018.85.90

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