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Asian Journal of Epidemiology
  Year: 2020 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 20-30
DOI: 10.3923/aje.2020.20.30
 
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Relationship Between Physical Activity, Selected Lifestyle Behaviour and Metabolic Disease Risk among Municipality Employees in South Africa
Takalani Clearance Muluvhu , Makama Andries Monyeki, Gert Lukas Strydom and Abel Lamina Toriola

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Metabolic syndrome is a clustering of abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, high total cholesterol levels and impaired fasting blood glucose. The study examined the relationship between physical activity (PA) and selected lifestyle behaviour associated with metabolic disease risk among employees of Vhembe District Municipality, Limpopo Province of South Africa. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 468 (men = 222, women = 246) employees (aged 24-65 years). A standardised physical activity questionnaire by Sharkey was used to assess the physical activity index (PAI) of the participants. Height, weight and waist circumference (WC) were measured according to standard procedures and subsequently, body mass index was calculated as weight in kilogram divided by height in meter square (kg m2). Additionally, waist to height ratio (WHtR) was calculated as waist divided by height. Participants’ selected lifestyle habits (smoking and alcohol consumption), anthropometric, blood pressure (BP), fasting glucose (FG) and total cholesterol (TC) measurements were determined using standardised protocols. Results: Fifty-five percent of the employees presented with metabolic syndrome, with higher percentage in males (87%) than females (26%). Among participants without MetS, alcohol consumption was positively correlated with diastolic blood pressure (DBP), systolic blood pressure (SBP), BMI and WC. BMI was also related with alcohol consumption, SBP with TC, FBG with WC and WHtR with SBP. Alcohol drinking was positively associated with WHtR. Conclusion: Low PA was positively associated with higher prevalence of metabolic risk factors. Health promotion and lifestyle education programmes to address the risk factors of metabolic syndrome among municipality employees are recommended.
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How to cite this article:

Takalani Clearance Muluvhu, Makama Andries Monyeki, Gert Lukas Strydom and Abel Lamina Toriola, 2020. Relationship Between Physical Activity, Selected Lifestyle Behaviour and Metabolic Disease Risk among Municipality Employees in South Africa. Asian Journal of Epidemiology, 13: 20-30.

DOI: 10.3923/aje.2020.20.30

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=aje.2020.20.30

 
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