Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Combining Ability Analysis in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)



Masood Jan, Farhatullah , Raziudin and Ghulam Hassan
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

For determination of good combiners for physiological heritable traits, a study on a 8x8 diallel fashion in sunflower was conducted during 2003 at NWFP Agricultural University Peshawar Pakistan. The extent of combining ability for days to 50% flowering, days to maturity, achene yield (kg ha-1) and oil content was find out. The General Combining Ability (GCA), Specific Combining Ability (SCA) and Reciprocal Effects (RE) were significant for all the traits except days to maturity where RE were non-significant. The SCA effects were of greater magnitude than that of GCA effects, which showed high contribution of non-additive gene effects. The GCA:SCA ratio also revealed predominance of non-additive gene effects. Among the inbred lines TF-11, ARI and TF-4 were the best general combiners for all these traits. The best combiners for yield were ARI and GUL. The cross combination TF-335xARI was early in terms of days to 50% flowering and maturity. Generally the hybrids TF-4, TF-335, ARI and PESH performed well in nearly all parameters. Reciprocal crosses have higher potential than direct crosses for most of the traits. Both additive and non-additive variances were involved in the characterization of these physiological traits.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Masood Jan, Farhatullah , Raziudin and Ghulam Hassan , 2005. Combining Ability Analysis in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8: 710-713.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2005.710.713

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2005.710.713

REFERENCES
1:  Hayman, B.I., 1954. The theory and analysis of diallel crosses. Genetics, 39: 789-809.
Direct Link  |  

2:  Haymen, B.I., 1954. Analysis of variance of diallel table. Biometrics, 10: 235-244.

3:  Jinks, J.L., 1956. The F2 and backcross generations from a set of diallel crosses. Heredity, 10: 1-30.
Direct Link  |  

4:  Sprague, G.F. and L.A. Tatum, 1942. General vs specific combining ability in single cross of corn. J. Am. Soc. Agron., 34: 923-932.
Direct Link  |  

5:  Griffing, B., 1956. Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing systems. Aust. J. Biol. Sci., 9: 463-493.
Direct Link  |  

6:  Radhika, P., K. Jagadeshwar and P.S. Sharma, 1999. Genetic analysis of seed yield and certain physiological parameters in sunflower. J. Res. Angrau, 27: 5-17.

7:  Gangappa, E., K.M. Channakrishnaiah, S. Thakur and S. Ramesh, 1997. Genetic architecture of yield and its attributes in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Helia, 20: 85-94.
Direct Link  |  

8:  Kumar, A.A., M. Ganesh and P. Janila, 1998. Combining ability analysis for yield and yield contributing characters in sunflower Helianthus annuus L. Ann. Agric. Res, 19: 37-440.

9:  Liu, T.G., Y.A. Wang, T.G. Liu and Y. Wang, 1996. A study of the combining ability of sterile and restorer lines of oilseed sunflower Helianthus annuus L. Ningxia J. Agric. For. Sci. Technol., 6: 24-27.

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved