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Research Article
 

Length Weight Study of Two Species of Crabs Matuta planipes and Matuta lunaris from Karachi, Pakistan



Meher Fatima
 
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ABSTRACT

The paper presents the length weight relationship parameters for two species crabs belonging to Family Calappidae , obtained by fishing nets from Clifton area, Karachi. Both the species of Matuta showed negative allometric growth of weight. M.lunaris is known as a serious predator of flounder fishes.The population study of these crabs should be done in future as these were found associated with guitar fish Rhinobates halavi and sole fishes.

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  How to cite this article:

Meher Fatima , 2003. Length Weight Study of Two Species of Crabs Matuta planipes and Matuta lunaris from Karachi, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 6: 397-398.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2003.397.398

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2003.397.398

Introduction

Two species of crabs, Matuta lunaris (Forsskal) and Matuta planipes (Fabricius) are abundantly found in subtidal waters of Karachi Coast. These crabs are edible, commercially important and also known as predators of the flounder fishes. Length and weight are two important components in the biology of species at both individual and population levels. Information on length weight relationship is required for various purpose including estimation of biomass from commercial processing data. This is the first study to report these parameters for the length weight relationship of Matuta lunaris and M. planipes occurring in neritic ,benthic zone south of Karachi.

Materials and Methods

Crabs were obtained from Clifton beach. They were procured from fishermen’s catch captured with demersal fishes. Crabs were brought to the laboratory and kept in aerated seawater.Species were identified according to Bianchi (1985), then sorted according to sex . Carapace length (L) was measured using a vernier caliper and total weight (W) was determined using an electronic balance after each crab was dried on filter paper.The parameters a (intercept) and b (slope) were calculated using the least squares regression after log transformation of the equation:

W = a.Lb

Results and Discussion

The length weight relationship parameters (a and b) for Matuta planipes and M. lunaris are presented in Table 1.

Table 1:
Length-wight relationship of two species of crabs, Matuta planipes and M. lunaris at Karachi. N, Number of individuals; L, carapace length; a, intercept; b.coefficient of regression; R2, correlation coefficient

It shows correlation coefficients (r) for the log. transformed lengthweight data pairs, the number of individuals and the carapace-length ranges of the two species of Matuta crabs. The results revealed that both the species showed negative allometric growth. Analysis of covariance of carapace length-weight data in the M. lunaris suggested that between the regression.lines of males and females a significant difference was observed (Fig. 1). The slope in regression lines of M. planipes males and females also showed difference but it was comparably lesser than the difference observed in M. lunaris. The result also showed that sex ratio was biased towards males, while size range and maximum size of females was greater than males. Female M. lunaris having carapace length smaller than 3.0 cm were heavier than males whereas, M. planipes females having carapace length greater than 2.0 cm are heavier than males. Sukumaran and Neelakantan (1997) working on length weight relationship of portunid crabs of Karnatka coast, India reported heavier males in any given length of Portunus sanguinolentus and P. pelagicus.

In present study Matuta planipes and M.lunaris were found in association with flounder fishes and guitar fish, Rhinobatos halavi .According to..Hossain and Tanaka (2002) Matuta lunaris is known as a predator causing serious damages to fishery based on Japanese flounder Paralichttys olivaceus.

Fig. 1: Length weight relationship of two species of crabs Matuta lunaris and Matuta planipes. (W.wt, wet weight)

They suggested that stock of Japanese flounder can be improved by applying proper feeding protocol and conditioning to avoid predators prior to release.

Further studies on population structure and influence of these crabs on Pakistani fishey are suggested.

REFERENCES
1:  Bianchi, G., 1985. FAO Species Identification Sheets for Fishery Purposes. Field Guide to the Commercial Marine and Brackish Water Species of Pakistan. FAO, Rome.

2:  Hossain, M.A.R and M. Tanaka, 2002. Predator-prey interaction between hatchery-reared Japanese flounder juvenile, Paralichthys olivaceus and sandy shore crab, Matuta lunaris: Daily rhythms, anti-predator conditioning and starvation. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 267: 1-14.

3:  Sukumaran, K.K. and B. Neelakantan, 1997. Length Bweight relationship in two marine portunid crabs, Portunus sanguinolentus and P. pelagicus from the Karnatka coast. Ind. J. Mar. Sci., 26: 39-42.

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