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Research Article
 

Use of the GIS (Geographic Information Systems) in Determining Realtionship between Geology, Structures and Mineral Prospects, Southern Part of the Arabian Shield, Saudi Arabia



Mustafa M. Hariri
 
ABSTRACT

GIS can be utilized in geology in different fields among them; mineral and petroleum exploration, geological mapping and reconnaissance, environmental studies, and in hydrogeological modeling. In mineral exploration the GIS is used to define a set of characteristics of specific mineral deposit that might be used as a guide to similar deposits in the region. An example is being the spatial relation of igneous intrusions and / or geological structures to the mineral prospect locations. This study aimed at using the GIS to find out the relationship of the different geological features through the layers (coverages). These features include faults, intrusions and mineral locations in the Southern Arabian Shield. Coverages (layers) for the digitized material were created using ARC INFO and consequently edited, cleaned and built. Coverages were also imported and exported in order to be read by ARC VIEW. Results of study indicated an excellent association of the faults and other structures to the known mineral locations. Positive correlation can also be concluded from the spatial distribution of the mineral locations and igneous intrusions. These results may imply that igneous intrusions and structural features control mineralizations. The conclusion can help in discorving mineralizaiton in similar geological and structural setting within the Arabian Shield area.

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  How to cite this article:

Mustafa M. Hariri , 2003. Use of the GIS (Geographic Information Systems) in Determining Realtionship between Geology, Structures and Mineral Prospects, Southern Part of the Arabian Shield, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Applied Sciences, 3: 92-96.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2003.92.96

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2003.92.96

REFERENCES
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Johnson, P.R., E.A. Smith and E. Scheibner, 1986. Selected mineral occurrences of the Arabian Shield. North and South Showing their Relation to Major Precambrian Tectonostratigrphic Entities. Scale 1: 1000,000: Riofnex Geological Mission.

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