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Research Journal of Botany
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 23-31
DOI: 10.3923/rjb.2017.23.31
 
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Proximate Composition and Mineral Analysis of Phragmanthera capitata (Sprengel) Balle, a Mistletoe Growing on Rubber Tree

Franklin Uangbaoje Ohikhena, Olubunmi Abosede Wintola and Anthony Jide Afolayan

Abstract:
Background: Leaves of Phragmanthera capitata (Sprengel) Balle growing on rubber trees were evaluated in order to determine its nutritional, anti-nutritional and mineral compositions. Materials and Methods: Proximate and anti-nutrient analyses were performed using standard analytical methods while mineral contents were determined using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP-OES). Result: The result of the proximate analysis showed that carbohydrate was more with a composition of 57.73±0.33 g/100 g. Protein, fat and fibre compositions were 12.50±0.50, 3.34±0.18 and 11.66±0.54 g/100 g. The total energy composition was 310.97±2.30 kcal/100 g. The mineral composition revealed that the leaves of the plant were very rich in basic minerals with high potassium level of 1047.83±34 mg/100 g. Calcium (6.22.58±0.01 mg/100 g), magnesium (361.15±0.01 mg/100 g) and phosphorous (115.40±0.01 mg/100 g) were also present in appreciable amount. The anti-nutrients evaluated had appreciable amounts in phytate (0.15±0.23%), oxalate (2.99±0.61%), saponin (3.46±0.01%) and alkaloid (4.20±0.11%). Conclusion: The study revealed that Phragmanthera capitata could serve as a source of essential nutrients which can go a long way in ameliorating most nutritional challenges and may contribute remarkably to the amount of nutrients in human.
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How to cite this article:

Franklin Uangbaoje Ohikhena, Olubunmi Abosede Wintola and Anthony Jide Afolayan, 2017. Proximate Composition and Mineral Analysis of Phragmanthera capitata (Sprengel) Balle, a Mistletoe Growing on Rubber Tree. Research Journal of Botany, 12: 23-31.

DOI: 10.3923/rjb.2017.23.31

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjb.2017.23.31

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