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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 10 | Page No.: 1372-1380
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.1372.1380
 
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Investigation of Sediment Patterns at River Confluence

R. Ghobadian and M. Shafai Bajestan

Abstract:
River confluence is an important element of river system. The entrance flow from the river branch into the main river causes extensive variation in flow pattern and creation of vortex. Because of these, a scour hole is developed just downstream of the river confluence. These phenomena can accelerate the rate of bank erosion, bring problems for navigation and may causes failure of the bridge or structures nearby. In this study the geometric dimensions of scour hole have been studied. To reach such goal, first by using the dimensional analysis, general non-dimensional equations were developed. In this equation for the first time in the study of river confluence, the non dimensional densimetric Froude number was included. Then the experimental tests were conducted for three different confluence angles 60, 75 and 90 degrees, under different hydraulic conditions. Finally, relationships were developed for prediction of scour hole and point bar dimensions. It was found that densimetric Froude number can correlate data very well.
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How to cite this article:

R. Ghobadian and M. Shafai Bajestan , 2007. Investigation of Sediment Patterns at River Confluence. Journal of Applied Sciences, 7: 1372-1380.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.1372.1380

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2007.1372.1380

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