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  Year: 2010 | Volume: 9 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 131-140
DOI: 10.3923/biotech.2010.131.140
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Nutrigenetic Traits Analysis for the Identification of Nutritionally Efficient Silkworm Germplasm Breeds

C. Ramesha, C.M. Anuradha, H. Lakshmi, S. Sugnana Kumari, S.V. Seshagiri, A.K. Goel and C. Suresh Kumar

In order to amalgamate the effects of nutrition and its efficiency on genetic traits expression in silkworm germplasm breeds by serial analysis on nutrigenetic traits and utilized as biomarker with an aim to identify nutritionally efficient silkworm germplasm breeds. In the present study, six bivoltine silkworm breeds were subjected for investigation on ingestion, digestion and utilization of dry food matter in single silkworm larva and its sharing on economically important stages larva, cocoon and shell weight in 5th stage. It was resolved that low consumption with high conversion efficiency of food ingested in silkworm breeds on nineteen nutrigenetic traits analyzed by standard gravimetric method with the aid of INDOSTAT software to understand the nutrigenomic divergence among the silkworm germplasm breeds against different seasons. Results indicated that higher conversion efficiency was observed in most of the new silkworm breeds for Efficiency of Conversion of Ingesta (ECI) to cocoon and shell than control (APS8) as leaf - cocoon and leaf-shell conversion are the ultimate indices in nutrigenomic analysis. It also demonstrated that relatively smaller amount of Consumption Index (CI), respiration, Metabolic Rate (MR) with superior Relative Growth Rate (RGR) and in relation to quantum of food ingesta and digesta requisite per gram of cocoon and shell found less than the control. This concluded that nutrigenetic traits directly associated to the quantum of food ingesta and digesta g-1 of cocoon and shell and such nutrigenetic study pragmatically utilized as biomarkers in order to advocate sturdily the following breeds viz., RBD1, RBD4 (peanut type cocoon), RBO2, RBO3 (oval type cocoon) were chosen as highly nutritionally efficient bivoltine silkworm germplasm breeds.
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