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Asian Journal of Epidemiology
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 9-15
DOI: 10.3923/aje.2014.9.15
 
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Knowledge of and Attitudes Toward Preventive Oral Health Care at an Iranian Population

Taraneh Movahhed, Hadi Ghasemi, Behjatalmolook Ajami, Mohammad Taghi Shakeri and Mahboobe Dehghani

Abstract:
Inadequate public knowledge about preventive oral health care may lead to increased burden of oral disease. This study aimed to assess level of knowledge of, attitudes toward and behavior of adults residing in Mashhad, Iran regarding preventive oral health care. A total of 946 adult subjects were selected by stratified-cluster random sampling approach. Data were collected via a telephone interview. The interview employed a structured questionnaire about sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, attitude and practice toward preventive oral health care. Also a question was considered about the respondent’s resource for oral health prevention information. Mean score of knowledge was 0.54±0.56 (full score: 3). Higher scores were significantly more prevalent in women, younger’s, people with more income and higher level of education. Mean attitude score was 1.6±0.7 (full score: 3). only 17.6% of the respondents showed positive attitude. It showed significant correlation with level of education and monthly income. Mean of behavior score was 4.5±2.07 (full score: 8). Dental flossing was more reported in more educated (OR = 2.27) and non smoker people (OR = 1.85). Dental visit was more prevalent in more educated ones (OR = 1.34). The most important source of information was semiprofessional source (mass media and health care center staff). As conclusion knowledge of Mashhad’s people about preventive oral health care was low. Their mean attitude shifted to negative score and the average of behavior was moderate. This study certainly serves local health policy making. Reinforcing collaboration between dentist and semiprofessional sources could be suggested.
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How to cite this article:

Taraneh Movahhed, Hadi Ghasemi, Behjatalmolook Ajami, Mohammad Taghi Shakeri and Mahboobe Dehghani, 2014. Knowledge of and Attitudes Toward Preventive Oral Health Care at an Iranian Population. Asian Journal of Epidemiology, 7: 9-15.

DOI: 10.3923/aje.2014.9.15

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=aje.2014.9.15

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