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Articles by T Nishikawa
Total Records ( 5 ) for T Nishikawa
  B. J. M Ripley , M Fujimoto , S Serada , T Ohkawara , T Nishikawa , F Terabe , Y Matsukawa , A Stephanou , R. A Knight , D. A Isenberg , D. S Latchman , T Kishimoto and T. Naka
 

Therapeutic effects of green tea involve an inhibitory function of its constituent polyphenol epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on cell signaling. The specificity and mechanism(s) by which EGCG inhibits cell signaling have remained unclear. Here, we demonstrate that green tea and EGCG induce suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) gene expression, a negative regulator of specific cell signaling pathways. In mouse immune cells, EGCG induces SOCS1 expression via an oxidative (superoxide) pathway and activation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 transcription factor. EGCG inhibited SOCS1-regulated cell signaling, but this inhibitory effect was abrogated in cells deficient in SOCS1. These findings identify a mechanism by which EGCG inhibits cell signaling with specificity, mediated by induction of the negative regulator SOCS1.

  K Aoyama , T Kamio , T Nishikawa and S. Kameoka
  Objective

Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease. The aim of this prospective study, in which fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to determine human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 status in primary breast cancers and in the lymph node metastases, was to verify the stability of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 status in the following steps of neoplastic progression of breast cancer, which is fundamental for an appropriate therapeutic approach.

Methods

From patients with primary breast cancer, for whom, after January 2003, surgery was performed and involved metastatic lymph nodes were found, we randomly selected four groups of 15 patients, whose human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 score by immunohistochemistry was either 0, 1+, 2+ or 3+, respectively, totaling to 60. For each of those patients, their primary tumors and all of the metastatic lymph nodes were examined. Primary tumors and metastatic lymph nodes in each patient were examined by fluorescence in situ hybridization.

Results

Of 18 patients with fluorescence in situ hybridization-positive primary tumors, 15 (83.3%) were fluorescence in situ hybridization-positive and 2 (11.1%) were fluorescence in situ hybridization-negative in all of their metastatic lymph nodes, and 1 (5.5%) patient had mixed (fluorescence in situ hybridization-positive or -negative) metastatic lymph nodes. Of 42 patients with fluorescence in situ hybridization-negative primary tumors, 40 (95%) were fluorescence in situ hybridization-negative and 2 (5%) fluorescence in situ hybridization-positive in all of their metastatic lymph nodes.

Conclusions

This study revealed that fluorescence in situ hybridization resulted in a high concordance of 83.3% between the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 manifestation (fluorescence in situ hybridization-positive status) in primary tumors and that in metastatic lymph nodes, demonstrating that it is appropriate to determine whether and how to apply treatment by trastuzumab based on the results of evaluation of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 expression.

  M Okubo , Y Nishimura , T Shibata , K Nakamatsu , S Kanamori , I Tachibana , R Koike , T Nishikawa and K. Mori
  Objective

The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyze the results of accelerated hyperfractionation for patients with modeletaly advanced (T2 and T3) laryngeal cancer.

Methods

Between 1998 and 2007, 9 supraglottic carcinomas (6 T2N0M0, 2 T2N2M0, 1 T3N0M0), 30 glottic carcinomas (25 T2N0M0, 5 T3N0M0), and 1 T2N0M0 subglottic carcinoma were treated with definitive radiotherapy using accelerated hyperfractionation without concurrent chemotherapy. The dose-fractionation for 35 patients was 72.8 Gy/56 fractions/5.6 weeks, and that for four patients treated between 1998 and 2001 was 72 Gy/60 fractions/6 weeks. One patient who had been treated with steroid therapy for systemic lupus erythematosus was treated by 67.8 Gy/44 fractions/4.4 weeks.

Results

The local control and overall survival probabilities at 5 years for supraglottic carcinomas were 75% and 86%, respectively. Those for glottic carcinomas were 80% and 92%, respectively. The 5-year local control probabilities for T2 and T3 tumors were 85% and 56%, respectively. This excellent local control rate especially for T2 laryngeal carcinomas may be attributable to the effect of accelerated hyperfractionation. No late toxicities of grade 2 or more was noted among the 39 patients treated with 72.8 Gy/56 fractions or 72 Gy/60 fractions.

Conclusion

Accelerated hyperfractionation of 72.8 Gy/56 fractions/5.6 weeks using 1.3 Gy/fraction seems a safe and effective dose-fractionation for patients with moderately advanced laryngeal carcinomas.

  T Kondo , Y Hashimoto , H Kobayashi , J Iizuka , T Nishikawa , M Nakano and K. Tanabe
  Objectives

We retrospectively analyzed our patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who underwent presurgical targeted therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors to clarify the safety and clinical benefit. The histopathological effect of this treatment was also examined.

Methods

Between July 2005 and February 2010, nine patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who were treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors before surgery were the subjects of this study. Consolidative surgery was considered when these tumors showed clinical response or stable disease while on targeted therapy without evidence of disease progression at other sites.

Results

The agents used were sorafenib in seven patients and sunitinib in two. The median duration of presurgical therapy was 12.2 weeks, and seven patients had less than 4 months of treatment. Tumor reduction at 10–30% was obtained in all patients but one. Perioperative complications were observed in five of nine patients. Major complications occurred in two patients, including intraoperative excessive bleeding and delayed localized intraperitoneal abscess. Minor complications were found in three. The characteristics of the histopathological effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitors consisted of marked atrophy of the capillary sinus, confirming the pharmacological mechanisms of these agents. Other findings included nuclear pyknosis and degeneration of tumor cells.

Conclusions

Presurgical targeted therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors appears to be feasible in most patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. However, the indications, the clinical benefit and the standard protocol still remain to be determined. Therapeutic effects in the histology were compatible to their pharmacological effects.

 
 
 
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