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International Immunology
Year: 2010  |  Volume: 22  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 359 - 366

Green tea polyphenol epigallocatechin gallate inhibits cell signaling by inducing SOCS1 gene expression

B. J. M Ripley, M Fujimoto, S Serada, T Ohkawara, T Nishikawa, F Terabe, Y Matsukawa, A Stephanou, R. A Knight, D. A Isenberg, D. S Latchman, T Kishimoto and T. Naka    

Abstract:

Therapeutic effects of green tea involve an inhibitory function of its constituent polyphenol epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on cell signaling. The specificity and mechanism(s) by which EGCG inhibits cell signaling have remained unclear. Here, we demonstrate that green tea and EGCG induce suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) gene expression, a negative regulator of specific cell signaling pathways. In mouse immune cells, EGCG induces SOCS1 expression via an oxidative (superoxide) pathway and activation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 transcription factor. EGCG inhibited SOCS1-regulated cell signaling, but this inhibitory effect was abrogated in cells deficient in SOCS1. These findings identify a mechanism by which EGCG inhibits cell signaling with specificity, mediated by induction of the negative regulator SOCS1.

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