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Articles by Siti Madanijah
Total Records ( 6 ) for Siti Madanijah
  Ali Khomsan , Merita , Faisal Anwar , Dadang Sukandar , Hadi Riyadi , Tin Herawati , Anna Fatchiya , Mira Dewi , Siti Madanijah and Hidayat Syarief
  The success of an Integrated Service Post (Posyandu) program can be seen by its service quality. However, there are not many studies that analyze the impacts of nutritional education on the service quality of posyandus and the sustainability of the nutritional education program at posyandus. Thus, the objectives of this study were to analyze the posyandu cadre’s perception and to see the impact of nutritional education on the service quality at the posyandus. The design of this study was a quasi-experimental one. It was conducted from January 2012 to September 2013. Four villages in Bogor, West Java were selected as the research locations. The subjects were the posyandu cadres and the toddlers’ mothers in the posyandus. The results showed that counseling and supplemental feeding needed to be improved at the posyandus. The nutritional education had a significant effect to the service quality of the posyandus (p<0.05). After the follow-up, there was a decline in the satisfaction level of the toddlers’ mothers but that was still better than at the baseline. This means that, the nutritional education and provision of the facilities are sustainable and able to improve the service quality of the posyandus when continuously given by the cadres.

  Nurlaely Fitriana , Siti Madanijah and Ikeu Ekayanti
  Breakfast is the most important food in the morning, but often missed and skipped. The objective of this study was to analyze the use of media in nutrition education on knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of the breakfast habits on elementary school students. The design of this study was quasy-experimental. Total subjects in the study were 166 elementary school students in grade 5 of public elementary school (PES) from 4 selected PES in Brebes City, Central Java-Indonesia. The intervention groups in this study were poster media group, leaflet, multimedia and without media. Scores of subjects’ breakfast knowledge and attitudes were increased after the intervention. Subjects’ breakfast practices also increased after the intervention, but still categorized as "less" and have yet to meet the nutritional adequacy. ANOVA test results based on changes in the scores of subjects’ breakfast knowledge at baseline and end line showed no significant difference (p>0.05), while based on changes in the scores of subjects’ breakfast attitudes showed significant difference between the media (p<0.05). Subjects’ breakfast attitudes and practices showed better improvement in L (leaflet) group. This implied that the intervention of nutrition education using the media particularly leaflet, was more effectively improved subjects’ breakfast attitudes and practices.
  A.I. Kustiani , Siti Madanijah and Yayuk Farida Baliwati
  The study aimed to analyze the effect of multi-component intervention program on fiber intake and body weight of obese children in Bogor, Indonesia. Three schools of Bogor city were randomly selected (A, B, C). A multi-component intervention program was conducted for 5 weeks with a quasi-experimental design. School A received nutrition education and physical activity intervention, school B received nutrition education and fruit intervention and school C received nutrition education, physical activity and fruit intervention. Body weight, 24 h food recall and food frequency habit were measured at pre-and post-intervention. The data was analyzed using SPSS 17.0 for windows with Paired t-test and ANOVA. The study showed that the average of fiber intake was still low in all groups. After the intervention, the average of fiber intake in all groups was increased. The greatest contributor to total dietary fiber was cereal, both pre and post-intervention. Body weight significantly decreased in school A and C with the exception of school B. The highest body weight decrease was in school A, i.e., 0.71 kg in average. A multi-component intervention program used in this study could increase fiber intake among obese children and decrease body weight. The decrease in body weight was higher with moderate physical activity rather than without any physical activity.
  Nova Khairunnisa , Hidayat Syarief and Siti Madanijah
  The objective of this study was to analyze the association between smoking habits, physical activity, added sugar consumption and nutritional status with plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) and blood glucose levels in adults. This was a cross-sectional study and a total of 102 adults (47 men and 55 women) participated in this study. Pearson correlation test was used to analyze the correlations between variables in this study. The results showed that most of the participants were smokers (50%), physically inactive people (61.2%), overweight/obese (46.6%) and had high consumption of added sugars (60.2%). More than 30% of participants had high MDA and blood glucose levels. There were significant associations between smoking habits and plasma MDA levels (p<0.05, r = 0.65); consumption of added sugars and blood glucose levels (p<0.05, r = 0.24); nutritional status (BMI) and blood glucose levels (p<0.05, r = 0.43); as well as plasma MDA and blood glucose levels (p<0.05, r = 0.51) of the participants. There was no significant association between physical activity level and blood glucose levels. This study implied that variabels which were significantly associated with participants’ blood glucose levels were nutritional status, consumption of added sugars and plasma MDA levels.
  Besti Verawati , Siti Madanijah and Hidayat Syarief
  The aim of the study was to analyze the effect of nutritional education, physical activity and dietary fibre intake on nutritional status of obese students in integrated Islamic Elementary School, Bogor. Quasi-experimental study design was used with a total of 84 students from three integrated Islamic elementary school in Bogor as samples. The samples were divided into three groups, group A with nutritional education and physical activity intervention, group B with nutritional education and fibre source interventions and group C with nutritional education, physical activity and fibre source interventions. The results indicated that nutritional knowledge and fibre intake increased in all, physical activity increased in group A and C and Body Mass Index (BMI) by age decreased in all groups. Paired sample t-test indicated that nutritional knowledge and fibre intake between three groups were significantly different (p<0.05) while physical activity and BMI by age between group A and C were also significantly different (p<0.05). ANOVA tests indicated that physical activity, fibre intake and BMI by age were significantly different between all groups. ANCOVA test showed nutritional education and physical activity decreased BMI for age.
  Suryana , Siti Madanijah and Dadang Sukandar
  This study was aimed to determine the prevalence and factors affecting the anemia status of children aged 12-24 months in Darul Imarah Sub-district, Aceh Besar District. Sample was selected using stratified random sampling technique with proportional allocation. The classification was based on pre-prosperous household/ prosperous I (Jeumpet village = 56 people), prosperous II (Lambheu village = 40 people) and prosperous III (Geugajah village = 45 people) which stood as each layer. Minimum sample size was 102 children aged 12-24 months. Children’s characteristics, socioeconomic status of the family, nutrition and health knowledge of the mothers, feeding practices and history of diarrhea and upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) were measured by using a structured questionnaire. Food consumption was measured through a 24 h recall method. Anthropometric nutritional status was measured by weight-for-age index (WAZ) and length-for-age (LAZ). Hb level was measured by Hemocue 201+ tool. Based on the results of the current study, the anemia prevalence among children aged 12-24 months in Darul Imarah Sub-district, Aceh Besar District was categorized as severe nutrition and public health problem (68.6%). Based on the overall results of regression analysis, the dominant variables affecting anemia status of children were Fe adequacy level (PE = 0.017; R = 0.117), energy adequacy level (PE = -0.013; R = 0.029), length of education of the father (PE = 0.126; R = 0.033), income per capita (PE = -0.657; R = 0.040) and father’s age (PE = -0.020; R = 0.022). Among these five factors, iron adequacy level contributed greatly to the occurrence of anemia in children aged 12-24 months (11.7%). It is thus concluded that high prevalence of anemia in Darul Imarah Sub-district, Aceh Besar District requires special attention from the local government to plan or make policies regarding treatment or prevention program of anemia problem in children under two years, especially in the age group of 12-24 months. There is a need to increase the knowledge and practice about the appropriate child feeding practices, especially the consumption of various plant and animal food sources, as well as iron rich foods.
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