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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
Year: 2016  |  Volume: 15  |  Issue: 5  |  Page No.: 439 - 445

Association Between Smoking Habits, Physical Activity, Added Sugar Consumption and Nutritional Status with Malondialdehyde (MDA) and Glucose Levels in Adults

Nova Khairunnisa, Hidayat Syarief and Siti Madanijah    

Abstract: The objective of this study was to analyze the association between smoking habits, physical activity, added sugar consumption and nutritional status with plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) and blood glucose levels in adults. This was a cross-sectional study and a total of 102 adults (47 men and 55 women) participated in this study. Pearson correlation test was used to analyze the correlations between variables in this study. The results showed that most of the participants were smokers (50%), physically inactive people (61.2%), overweight/obese (46.6%) and had high consumption of added sugars (60.2%). More than 30% of participants had high MDA and blood glucose levels. There were significant associations between smoking habits and plasma MDA levels (p<0.05, r = 0.65); consumption of added sugars and blood glucose levels (p<0.05, r = 0.24); nutritional status (BMI) and blood glucose levels (p<0.05, r = 0.43); as well as plasma MDA and blood glucose levels (p<0.05, r = 0.51) of the participants. There was no significant association between physical activity level and blood glucose levels. This study implied that variabels which were significantly associated with participants’ blood glucose levels were nutritional status, consumption of added sugars and plasma MDA levels.

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