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Articles by Abdus Salam
Total Records ( 9 ) for Abdus Salam
  Kamran Tassaduqe , Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Lubna Kanwal , Nazish Afroze , Samrah Masood Muhammad Latif and Soban Umar
  The present study was carried out to investigate chemical composition of urinary stones in patients of different age groups of human population in Multan, Pakistan for a period of 18 months from July 2001 to January 2003. In order to obtain patients history different hospitals including Nishtar hospital Multan, Life kidney stone center, Siyal medical center and Medicare hospital were visited. Of the 263 cases of urinary stones, 193(73.38%)were in kidney, 57(21.67%) were in the urinary bladder, 13(4.94%) were in ureter. The three predominant symptoms associated with urinary stones were lumber pain, 88(33.46%), burning in micturition 72(27.37%) and heamaturia 103(39.16%).Other related symptoms were vomating 75(28.51%), fever 50(19.01%), dribbling 25(9.50%), pysuria 34(12.92%), dysuria 30(11.40%) and retention 49(18.63%).According to the chemical composition of the urinary stones, most of the stones examined in this study were of calcium oxalate + uric acid 66(25.09%), calcium oxalate 57(21.67%), calcium oxalate + calcium phosphate 51(19.39%), pure uric acid 44(16.73%), calcium oxalate + calcium phosphate + uric acid 29 (11.02%), pure calcium phosphate, 3(1.14%) and others 13 (4.94%) were of mixed lithiasis. Of these cases the incidence of formation of calcium oxalate + uric acid stone, was maximum in males of age group 14 B 49 years.
  Kamran Tassaduqe , Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Muhammad Latif , Nazish Afroze , Samra Masood and Soban Umar
  The present study was carried out to assess hypertension in relation to obesity, smoking stress, family history, age and marital status among human population of Multan, Pakistan. The present data was collected randomly from the male population aging from 16 to 85 years. The male population was divided into three age groups i.e old male (age above 50 years), mature male (age 31 to 50 years) and young male (age 16 to 30 years). The study revealed that there was a strong relationship between hypertension and obesity in all age groups. Hypertensive patients had association with age, smoking, stress, family history and marital status. When comparison was made between mild, moderate and severe hypertensive patients, it was found that old married males were suffering from severe hypertension. Family history of hypertension and myocardial infarction also had a strong association with hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension was found to be maximum (17.08%) in males of age group >50 as compared to mature males (14.16%) and young males (13.48%) in observed sample population. The results from the observed population suggested that prevalence of obesity was (11.49%). The obesity was maximum (12.19%) in males of age group >50 as compared to mature males (11.51%) and young males (10.64%). In the normotensive individuals the prevalence of obesity was (8.74%) as compared to (26.99%) in hypertensive individuals.
  Kamran Tassaduqe , Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Muhammad Latif and Tasveer Zahra
  The present study was carried out to investigate the seasonal variations in physico chemical and biological parameters of River Indus for a period of eleven months from November 1993 to September 1994. For this purpose five different locations, Kaloorkot, Darya Khan, Ghazi Ghat Taunsa Barrage and Chachran Sharif were selected for sampling. Water samples were collected on monthly basis and were analyzed for estimation of water temperature, temperature above surface of water, temperature above surface of bank, pH and total dissolved solids. Only Darya Khan was selected for studying planktonic life. The minimum value of temperature of water 0°C in winter months while the maximum temperature of water was 36.67°C in the month of July. The minimum pH 6.9 was recorded in the month of June, while in winter months pH goes on increasing, reaching up to 8.9 showing that in winter months pH of water increases and in summer months pH of water decreases. The minimum value of total dissolved solids was 0.3 mg l-1 in April and 12.49 in August showing an increase in total dissolved solids in winter months. During the whole study 43 different genera of phytoplankton and 17 different genera of zooplankton were observed at Darya Khan. The parameters were analyzed to investigate probable pollution at different points in River Indus to suggest ways and means to improve the feeding and conservation of Indus Dolphin ecology.
  Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Furhan Iqbal and Bakhtyawar Ali Khan
  Growth of fish population from two sites was significantly different from each other (comparison of b = 2.9 and 2.29 P < 0.001). Condition factor also showed similar trend. Mean value of condition factor for site 1, K = 1.04 and mean condition factor for site 2, K = 0.75. Growth performance was higher in site 1 than fishes of site 2. It is concluded that the conditions for growth of Channa punctata were better at site 1, i.e., Basti Rattan Wali, Multan than at site 2, i.e., Talagang, Chakwal.
  Kamran Tassaduqe , Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam and Soban Umar
  The present study was carried out to assess the haemoglobin level of different age groups of human population in Multan, Pakistan for a period of 18 months from June 2001 to December 2002. The study revealed that both old and mature male/females had significantly higher percentage of haemoglobin level than youngs. The percentage haemoglobin of males was significantly higher than females. Hb percentage was significantly higher in summer than winter. Whereas overall percentage haemoglobin when compared for male and females with standard levels, the whole population was found to be below the normal range. Therefore it is concluded that the experimental population appears to be anaemic.
  Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Saima Jamshaid and Tasveer Zahra
  The current study was started from March to December 2001 to investigate the seasonal variations in biological parameters and biodiversity in water of River Indus at Ghazi Ghat (D.G. Khan) by analyzing the frequency of occurrence, relative abundance and diversity index of planktonic life. Density and diversity of Planktonic life was used as a measure of water quality. Phytoplankton were abundant as compared to Zooplankton. 125 Phytoplankton genera were recorded. Among these 17 of Cyanophyta, 3 of Cryptophyta, 1 of Pyrrophyta, 10 of Chrysophyta, 5 of Xanthophyta, 18 of Bacillariophyta, 8 of Euglenophyta, 49 of Chlorophyta, 4 of Charophyta, 1 of Rhodophyta, 7 of Macrophyta and one genera of filamentous algae. 44 genera of Zooplankton were observed including 22 of Protozoans, 10 of Rotifers, 6 of Cladocera and 6 of Copepoda.
  Kamran Tassaduqe , Tariq Aziz , Muhammad Ali , Shahnaz Kousar , Abdus Salam and Soban Umar
  The present study was carried out to assess the lipid profile in relation to sex, age in non-obese and non-diabetic patients with essential hypertension among human population of Multan, Pakistan for a period of 24 months from June 2001 to May 2003. The study revealed that there was a highly significant effect of age on total cholesterol of both hypertensive and normotensive individuals.The highest level of total cholesterol was present in hypertensive patients of 41-45 age group. The normotensive had low level of total cholesterol than hypertensive. There was no effect of age on triglycerides and HDL cholesterol. Hypertensive patients had higher level of LDL cholesterol than normotensive. The male had significantly higher level of total cholesterol than female and higher LDL cholesterol. The male had marginally higher level of triglycerides than females. There was no effect of sex on HDL cholesterol. When comparison was made between mild, moderate and severe hypertensive patients, it was found that severe hypertensive patients had significantly higher level of total cholesterol and triglycerides than mild and moderate hypertensive patients. There was no effect of severity of hypertension on HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol.
  Furhan Iqbal , Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam and Younas Kohkar
  The present study was designed to demonstrate the seasonal variations in inorganic elements of River Soan at Dhoak Pathan Bridge, for a period of eight months from May 2001 to December 2001. Water samples were collected on monthly basis and different metals were detected through atomic Absorption Spectroscopy. The levels of Zn and Mg concentrations were below the detection limit. Na concentration was maximum in May (168.75 ppm) and minimum in July (22.5 ppm). K concentration was maximum in December (12.31 ppm) and minimum (3.94 ppm) in August. Ca concentration was maximum in May (34.25 ppm) and minimum in October (4.25 ppm). Maximum variation was observed in case of Sr. Sr was not detected in May and July while maximum (0.47 ppm) Sr was detected in November and minimum (0.04 ppm) in June. The overall levels of inorganic elemental concentrations were within the safe limits at the sampling site throughout the study period.
  Muhammad Ramzan , Irshad Ali and Abdus Salam
  The prevalence of obesity has increased at an epidemic rate and obesity has become one of the most common health concerns in both developed and developing countries. Very few studies in Pakistan have noted a possible association between iron deficiency anemia and obesity. The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency of iron deficiency anemia in obese school children of Dera Ismail Khan (N.W.F.P), Pakistan. This study involved a total of 103 children (6-11 years) with 76 (73.79%) obese and 27 (26.21%) as healthy/normal weights, comprising 58 (56.31%) as the boys and 45 (43.69%) as the girls. Concentration of hemoglobin was used as the sole criteria for iron deficiency anemia. Children were considered iron deficient anemic if their hemoglobin concentration was found below 11.5g/dl. With the use of Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s age and gender specific Growth charts, obese were defined as having BMI of more than 95th percentile. In the present study none of the obese boys or girls was suffering from iron deficiency anemia. However, 58.82% healthy/normal weight boys were anemic, with maximum number at the age of 06 years. Similarly 70% healthy/normal weight girls were anemic, with maximum number at the age of 6 (100%), followed by 10 years (66.66%). Both are the ages of physical activity and growth spurt. Given the increasing number of obese children and known morbidities of iron deficiency anemia, screening for iron deficiency anemia may be included in children with elevated BMI for age percentiles.
 
 
 
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