Research Journal of Business Management1819-19322152-0437Academic Journals Inc.10.3923/rjbm.2017.56.66AmahOkechukwu Ethelbert22017112Background: Despite the cultural sensitivity of organizational citizenship behavior measures, researchers have been using them across
cultures. This study filled this gap by properly re-validating a measure developed in Nigeria but not properly validated. It also established
that the measure explained work outcomes better than measures developed in other cultures. Materials and Methods: The sample came
from employees in three organizations in Lagos, Nigeria. The measure developed in Nigeria and that from advanced countries were
administered on the same sample. In this way, the effectiveness of each measure was ascertained. Three statistical methodologies were
used. They are principal factor analysis, multiple regression analysis and structural equation modeling technique. Two separate samples
were used for the principal factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. Results: A 2-factor model for organizational citizenship
behavior fully explained the enactment of citizenship behavior in Nigerian context. The measure developed in Nigeria, explained
additional variance in outcome variables when the measures from other culture were controlled. Conclusion: The re-validation exercise
showed that a 2-factor model of organizational citizenship behavior fully captured the enactment of the behavior by Nigerian sample.
The measure also explained outcome variables better than other measures from other cultures. The implication is that since there are
cultural effects on the measurement of the behavior, using measure from other culture will under-estimate the level of the behavior in
Nigeria and policy developed from such result will be inaccurate. The current study re-validated a measure developed in Nigeria using
proper statistical methodology. The use of two separate samples for the exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, ensures that
accurate factor structure was developed for the Nigerian measure. By administering the Nigerian and foreign measures on the same
participants, the study established empirically that the Nigerian measures are more effective in the Nigerian context, hence policies based
on the results will be more accurate and representative of what is happening locally. This result will encourage future researchers to seek
to take seriously the cultural effect of any measure before using in their culture.]]>Katz, D.,1964Rioux, S.M. and L.A. Penner,2001Nonaka, I. and H. Takeuchi,1995Organ, D.W.,1990Al-Sharafi, H. and I. Rajiani,2013Lam, S.S.K., C. Hui and K.S. Law,1999Organ, D.W.,1988Williams, L.J. and S.E. Anderson,1991Cohen, A.,2007Kwantes, C.T.,2003Bachrach, D.G., H. Wang, E. Bendoly and S. Zhang,2007Hofstede, G.,2001Hofstede, G.,1980Coyne, I. and T. Ong,2007Morrison, E.W.,1994Paine, J.B. and D.W. Organ,2000Cavazotte, F., N.S. Hartman and E. Bahiense,2014Farh, J.L., P.C. Earley, S. Lin,1997Podsakoff, P.M., S.B. MacKenzie, J.B. Paine and D.G. Bachrach,2000Gelfand, M.J., M. Erez and Z. Aycan,2007Organ, D.W. and A. Lingl,1995Adler, N.J. and J.L. Graham,1989Podsakoff, P.M., S.B. Mackenzie and C. Hui,1993Turnipseed, D.L. and E. Murkison,2000Olowookere, E.I. and G.A. Adejuwon,2015Ehigie, B.O. and O.W. Otukoya,2005Ladebo, O.,2004Bettencourt, L.A., K.P. Gwinner and M.L. Meuter,2001DeVellis, R.F.,2003Hinkin, T.R.,1995Way, S.A., J.B. Tracey, C.H. Fay, P.M. Wright, S.A. Snell, S. Chang and Y. Gong,2015Chen, X.P., C. Hui and D.J. Sego,1998Organ, D.W.,1997Van Dyne, L., J.W. Graham and R.M. Dienesch,1994Van Dyne, L., L.L. Cummings and J.M. Parks,1995Podsakoff, N.P., S.W. Whiting, P.M. Podsakoff and B.D. Blume,2009Van Scotter, J.R. and S.J. Motowidlo,1996McNeely, B.L. and B.M. Meglino,1994Smith, C.A., D.W. Organ and J.P. Near,1983Liu, C.W., P.W. Huang and C.L. Chen,2004Bateman, T.S. and D.W. Organ,1983Ajzen, I. and M. Fishbein,1980Brown, T.A.,2006Amah, O.E.,2010Bentler, P.M.,1990Lee, K. and N.J. Allen,2002Aryee, S., P.S. Budhwar and Z.X. Chen,2002McDonald, R.P. and H.W. Marsh,1990Koufteros, X.A., M.A. Vonderembse and W.J. Doll,2002Haybatollahi, M. and S.G. Ayim,2015Blakely, G.L., A. Srivastava and R.H. Moorman,2005