Journal of Applied Sciences1812-56541812-5662Asian Network for Scientific Information10.3923/jas.2007.2635.2640VeghariGholam Reza Jafar GolalipourMohammad 122007718Undernutrition and obesity are two most children health problems in world. Several agents can effect on food pattern among ethnic groups. This study was designed to determine nutritional status among rural children by two ethnic groups (Turkman and Non-Turkman) in north of Iran in 2004. We chose 20 villages of 118 by cluster and simple sampling. All of 2-5 years old children in this area were considered in this study. Sample size was 1446 cases (551 = Turkman and 895 = non-Turkman). Height, weight and personal identification were recorded by questioner. BMI percentile and under -1SD, -2SD and -3SD from NCHS were used for comparison. X^{2}-test and T-test were used to analyze by software SPSS. Turkman children are about 426 g heavier and 4.9 cm taller than non-Turkman in all of age groups. T-test is significant between two groups by weight and height (p< 0.05). Stunting and underweight were observed in Turkman group 13.2 and 1.9%, respectively less than in non-Turkman by -2SD criterion. There is a significant difference between two groups by stunting (p< 0.05). Obesity and overweight exist in Turkman group 24.5 and 2.6%, respectively are less than in non-Turkman. Obesity is statistical significant between two groups (p< 0.05). Secular growth in two groups is incompatible and in Turkman group, it is better than Non-Turkman. There is severe height deficit in Non-Turkman group and it increases the BMI values. Thereby, malnutrition is the most health problem in rural area in north of Iran and nutritional intervention is necessary for solving these problems. BMI values are not suitable for children with stature failure.]]>Azizi, F., S. Allahverdian, P. Mirmiran, M. Rahmani and F. Mohammadi,2001Bellamy, C.,1998Behrman, K.,1996Callaghan, A.L., R.J. Moy, I.W. Booth, G. Debelle and N.J. Shaw,2006Danubio, M.E., E. Amicone and R. Vargiu,2005Frank, D.A., N.B. Neault, A. Skalicky, J.T. Cook and J.D. Wilson et al.,2006Fredriks, A.M., S. Van Buuren, S.E. Jeurissen, F.W. Dekker, S.P. Verloove-Vanhorick and J.M. Wit,2003Fredriks, A.M., S. Van Buuren, S.E. Jeurissen, F.W. Dekker, S.P. Verloove-Vanhorick and J.M. Wit,2003Freedman, D.S., L.K. Khan, M.K. Serdula, W.H. Dietz, S.R. Srinivasan and G.S. Berenson,2005Freedman, D.S., L.K. Khan, M.K. Serdula, C.L. Ogden and W.H. Dietz,2006Ganz, M.L.,2001Kang, H.T., Y.S. Ju, K.H. Park, Y.J. Kwon, H.J. Im, D.M. Paek and H.J. Lee,2006Krebs, N.F. and M.S. Jacobson,2003Kwena, A.M., D.J. Terlouw, S.J. De Vlas, P.A. Phillips-Howard and W.A. Hawley et al.,2003Larrea, C. and I. Kawachi,2005Leonard, M.B., J. Shults, B.A. Wilson, A.M. Tershakovec and B.S. Zemel,2004Mata, L.J.,1980Menegolla, I.A., L. Drachler Mde, I.H. Rodrigues, L.R. Schwingel, E. Scapinello, M.B. Pedroso and J.C. Leite,2006Maffeis, C., A. Consolaro, P. Cavarzere, L. Chini and C. Banzato et al.,2006Ng, C., D. Marshall and N.D. Willows,2006Bouzitou, G.D.N., B. Fayomi and H. Delisle,2005Ogden, C.L., K.M. Flegal, M.D. Carroll and C.L. Johnson,2002Ogden, C.L., M.D. Carroll, L.R. Curtin, M.A. McDowell, C.J. Tabak and K.M. Flegal,2006De Onis, M. and J.P. Habicht,1996Pinhas-Hamiel, O., R.S. Newfield, I. Koren, A. Agmon, P. Lilos and M. Phillip,2003Pinhas-Hamiel, O., N. Doron-Panush, B. Reichman, D. Nitzan-Kaluski, S. Shalitin and L. Geva-Lerner,2006Robbins, J.M., K.S. Khan, L.M. Lisi, S.W. Robbins, S.H.Michel and B.R. Torcato, 2007Rosalind, S.G.,1990Ronaghy, H.A. and J.A. Halsted,1975Renzaho, A.M., C. Gibbons, B. Swinburn, D. Jolley and C. Burns,2006Rush, E.C., K. Puniani, M.E. Valencia, P.S. Davies and L.D. Plank,2003Setswe, G.,1994Singh, M.,2004Sheikholeslam, R., M. Kimiagar, F. Siasi, A. Abdollahi and A. Jazayeri et al.,2004Sanchez-Perez, H.J., M.A. Hernan, A. Rios-Gonzalez, M. Arana-Cedeno and A. Navarro et al.,2007Sanigorski, A.M., A.C. Bell, P.J. Kremer and BA. Swinburn,2005Shields, M.,2006Sanna, E., M.R. Soro and C. Calo,2006Sayari, A.A., R. Sheykholeslam, M. Naghavi, Z. Abdollahi, F. Kolahdouz and E. Jamshid-Beygi,2001Sidibe, T., H. Sangho, M.S. Traore, F.I. Konate, H.D. Keita, B. Diakite, H. Coulibaly and B. Traore,2007Valerio, G., O. D'Amico, M. Adinolfi, A. Munciguerra, R. D'Amico and A. Franzese,2006Veghari, Gh, R., M. Ahmadpour and M.A. Vakili,2003Vonk, R., M. De Kleuver, E.H. Ie and H.W. Voorhoeve,1993Vailay, J. and M.K. Rai,1996Wickramasinghe, V.P., G.J. Cleghorn, K.A. Edmiston and P.S. Davies,2005WHO.,1983WHO.,1995WHO.,1998Wang, Y. and Q. Zhang,2006