Asian Journal of Crop Science1994-78792077-2041Asian Network for Scientific Information10.3923/ajcs.2018.207.213SuaibSuaib SulemanDarwis 42018104Background and Objectives: Higher production of maize (Zea mays L.) could be obtained by breeding in a much faster method by using the xenia and metaxenia phenomena as the main observations. The objectives of this research were to study the possibility of maize hybrid varieties seeds as crossing parents in exploiting both xenia and metaxenia phenomena in creating the base population materials for breeding the new promising candidate of higher production variety of maize. Materials and Methods: Three seeds from hybrid varieties as crossing parents were Bonanza and Ganebo varieties (sweet maize) and Arumba variety (waxy maize). These varieties were separated and sown into the 500 cm long and 300 cm wide plot, 75 cm between rows and 30 cm within rows, with one seed per hill, so that there would be 56 individual plant per plot. The authors employed diallel crossing method and obtained three of each of regular F_{1} kernels, reciprocal F_{1} kernels and open pollinated F_{1} kernels of female parents as data sources. F_{1}’s kernels colour, 100 kernels weights (g) and the number of kernels per ear were the xenia components and diameter (mm) and lengths of ears (cm) were the metaxenia components. One way analysis of variance according to completely randomized design was used to analyze the observed variables and the Tukey t-test was subjected in judging the difference between F_{1}’s. Results: The research results showed that the 100 kernels weight, the number of kernels per ear and the diameter and the lengths of ears of some F_{1}’s as xenia and metaxenia phenomena, respectively, resulted better than their maternal parents under open pollination. Conclusion: There was a possibility to use these both hybrid varieties and xenia and metaxenia phenomena in producing the seeds materials in a faster way as base population for the next selection step in creating a promising new higher production of maize variety.]]>Focke, W.O.,1881Kellerman, W.A. and W.T. Swingle,1888Denney, J.O.,1992Soule, J.,1985Olfati, J.A., Z. Sheykhtaher, R. Qamgosar, A. Khasmakhi-Sabet, G. Peyvast, H. Samizadeh and B. Rabiei,2009Kiesselbach, T.A.,1960Pixley, K.V. and M.S. Bjarnason,1994Letchworth, M.B. and R.J. Lambert,1998Bulant, C., A. Gallais, E. Matthys-Rochon and J.L. Priul,2000Dong, H.,2007Ahuja, M. and N.S. Malhi,2008Kahriman, F., C.O. Egesel and E. Sorlu,2015Kahriman, F., M. Serment, M. Haslak and M.S. Kang,2017Thompson, P.R., A.B. Geyer, L.D. Lotz, H.J. Siegrist and T.L. Dobbels,2002Thomison, P.R., A.B. Geyer, L.D. Lotz, H.J. Siegrist and T.L. Dobbels,2003Vancetovic, J., S. Zilic, S. Bozinovic and D. Ignjatovic-Micic,2014Swingle, W.T.,1928Nixon, R.W.,1928Nixon, R.W.,1928Duc, G., A. Moessner, F. Moussy and C. Mousset-Declas,2001Vicia faba L.).]]>Weingartner, U., O. Kaeser, M. Long and P. Stamp,2002Weingartner, U., T.J. Prest, K.H. Camp and P. Stamp,2002Weingartner, U., K.H. Camp and P. Stamp,2004Mizrahi, Y., J. Mouyal, A. Nerd and Y. Sitrit,2004Hylocereus polyrhizus and Selenicereus spp.]]>Dag, A. and Y. Mizrahi,2005Selenicereus megalanthus ("yellow pitaya").]]>Pahlavani, M.H. and K. Abolhasani,2006Gossypium hirsutum L.).]]>Piotto, F.A., K.D. Batagin-Piotto, M.D. Almeida and G.C.X. Oliveira,2013Allard, R.W.,1960Sleper, D.A. and J.M. Poehlman,2006Fehr, W.R.,1993Ghahal, G.S. and S.S. Gosal,2002Griffing, B.,1956Steel, R.R.D. and J.H. Torrie,1980SAS.,2002Ford, R.H.,2000Sprague, G.F.,1932Weiland, R.T.,1992Zea mays L.) hybrid yields.]]>Alvarez-Prado, S., C.G. Lopez, M.L. Senior and L. Borras,2014Zea mays L.) kernel weight determination.]]>Liu, Z., A. Garcia, M.D. McMullen and S.A. Flint-Garcia,2016