An entomological survey was carried out on the bionomics of Anophelines species in Kalibar, East-Azerbaijan during the year 2003-2004. The result showed that five Anophelines species comprising A. sacharovi, A. maculipennis, A. superpictus, A. hyrcanus and A. claviger were present in the study area. Based on the species density rate it was assumed that A. sacharovi could play an important role in malaria transmission and A. maculipennis and A. superpictus could be considered as secondary vectors. A. sacharovi was active from May to September which peaks in July and August in outdoor and indoor, respectively. This species was mainly endophil and anthropophil. Biting activity of A. sacharovi took place in the second half of night. Susceptibility tests using the WHO-recommended discriminative doses of insecticides revealed that this species is resistant to DDT, tolerant to dieldrin and susceptible to malathion, fenitrothion, permethrin, and deltamethrin. A. maculipennis had high density at the beginning of summer, then its population fell down slowly and in early autumn reached to the lowest. The population of this species was found frequently in human shelters and most of its bites took place in the second half of night. Its larvae occurred in slow flowing water and channels with water plants and were more abundant in August.
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H. Vatandoost, R. Abdoljabari Boonab, M.R. Abai, M.A. Oshaghi, Y. Rassi, S. Gholizadeh, K. Mashhadi-Esmail A. Kousah, M. Haghi, M. Gorghani, B. Aliakbarie-Sharabiani, M. Seif Farshid and N. Piazak, 2005. Entomological Survey in Kalibar, A Resurgent Malaria Focus in East-Azerbaijan, Iran. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8: 1466-1471.
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