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Research Article

Comparative Analysis of Media Exposure and Family Support Complementary to Feeding for Infants Zero to Six Months of Age Between Working Mothers and Stay at Home Mothers with Hotelling Test T2 Approach in Kolaka Regency

A. Ummu Salmah, Riskiah Rahman and Atjo Wahyu
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The vigorous campaign of complementary feeding in both society and in the hospital, as well as through electronic media (radio and TV) and newspapers, makes many mothers interested in providing their children with early complementary feeding. In addition, stay-at-home mothers’ duties and the customs and traditions of the community are also driving factors in giving children early complementary feeding. In 2008, Azrul Azwar stated that complementary feeding should be granted gradually to infants to suit their digestive development. This study aims to assess the differences in media exposure and family support regarding the provision of appropriate complementary feeding in a group of working and stay-at-home mothers. Our cross-sectional study used a sample size of 121 women, divided into groups of 76 working mothers and 45 mothers who do not work outside the home. Based on the results of multivariate statistical tests using Hotelling’s T2 test, we obtained F values of 5.813 and p values of 0.004 (p<0.05). This means that there are significant differences in family support and media exposure regarding the provision of appropriate complementary feeding in infants zero to six months of age between working mothers and stay-at-home mothers. It was recommended that the government, in this case, the Center of Health, appeal to the media to provide proper information to the public, primarily to working mothers who did not give complementary feeding early. Families also need an explanation about the right time to provide complementary feeding so as not to risk infant health.

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  How to cite this article:

A. Ummu Salmah, Riskiah Rahman and Atjo Wahyu, 2016. Comparative Analysis of Media Exposure and Family Support Complementary to Feeding for Infants Zero to Six Months of Age Between Working Mothers and Stay at Home Mothers with Hotelling Test T2 Approach in Kolaka Regency. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 15: 729-736.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2016.729.736



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