Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Association Between Nutritional Status, Antioxidant Intake (Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium), Fiber Intake and Physical Activity with Blood Lipid Profile in Coronary Heart Disease

Eliza , Sri Anna Marliyati, Rimbawan and Adi Teruna Effendi
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

The objectives of this study were to: analyze socio-economic characteristics; analyze nutritional status; analyze antioxidant (vitamin C, vitamin E, and selenium) and fiber intakes; analyze physical activity; and analyze the association between nutritional status, antioxidant and fiber intakes, as well as physical activity with blood lipid profile in coronary heart disease patients. The design of this study was cross-sectional. The research site was Pusri Medika Hospital in Palembang. The results showed that there were significant associations between age and total cholesterol levels (OR = 3.333; 95% CI: 1.050-10.586), physical activity and total cholesterol levels (OR = 3.300; 95% CI: 1.022-10.654), vitamin E intake and total cholesterol levels (OR = 3.929: 95% CI: 1.185-13.021), fiber intake and total cholesterol levels (OR = 4.875; 95% CI: 1.483-16.023), BMI and LDL-C levels (OR = 4.286; 95% CI: 0.933-19.678), as well as body fat percentage and triglyceride levels (OR = 4.583; 95% CI: 1.298-16.182).h

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Eliza , Sri Anna Marliyati, Rimbawan and Adi Teruna Effendi, 2016. Association Between Nutritional Status, Antioxidant Intake (Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium), Fiber Intake and Physical Activity with Blood Lipid Profile in Coronary Heart Disease. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 15: 492-498.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2016.492.498


1:  Abbasi, F., T. McLaughlin, C. Lamendola, H.S. Kim and A. Tanaka et al., 2000. High carbohydrate diets, triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and coronary heart disease risk. Am. J. Cardiol., 85: 45-48.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Bernstein, A.M., B. Titgemeier, K. Kirkpatrick, M. Golubic and M.F. Roizen, 2013. Major cereal grain fibers and psyllium in relation to cardiovascular health. Nutrients, 5: 1471-1487.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

3:  Chung, M.L., D.K. Mose, T.M. Lennie and M.K. Rayens, 2009. The effects of depressive symptoms and anxiety on quality of life in patients with heart failure and their spouses: Testing dyadic dynamics using actor-partner interdependence model. J. Psychosomat. Res., 67: 29-35.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Cuhadar, S., A. Atay, G. Saglam, M. Koseoglu and L. Cuhadar, 2013. Cardiovascular risk factors in young male adults: Impact of physical activity and parental education. Central Asian J. Global Health, Vol. 2, No. 10.5195/cajgh.2013.44

5:  Cugnetto, M.L., P.G. Saab, M.M. Llabre, R. Goldberg, J.R. McCalla and N. Schneiderman, 2008. Lifestyle factors, body mass index and lipid profile in adolescents. J. Pediat. Psychol., 33: 761-771.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

6:  Effendi, A.T., 2013. [Nutrigenomics of Pre-Diabetes Metabolic Syndrome Insulin Resistance]. IPB Press, Bogor, Indonesia.

7:  FAO., 2001. Human energy requirements: Principles and definitions. Report of Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation, The Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy.

8:  Finegold, J.A., P. Asaria and D.P. Francis, 2012. Mortality from ischaemic heart disease by country, region and age: Statistics from World Health Organisation and United Nations. Int. J. Cardiol., 168: 934-945.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Gallagher, D., S.B. Heymsfield, M. Heo, S.A. Jebb, P.R. Murgatroyd and Y. , 2000. Healthy percentage body fat ranges: An approach for developing guidelines based on body mass index. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 72: 694-701.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

10:  Helmizar, H., F. Jalal and I. Liputo, 2010. The relationship of antioxidant intake with blood lipid profile of Minangkabau ethnic in Padang City. J. Indonesian Med. Assoc., 60: 356-363.
Direct Link  |  

11:  Iannuzzi, A., E. Celentano, S. Panico, R. Galasso and G. Covetti et al., 2004. Dietary and circulating antioxidant vitamins in relation to carotid plaques in middle-aged women. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 76: 582-587.
Direct Link  |  

12:  Knekt, P., J. Ritz, M.A. Pereira, E.J. O'Reilly and K. Augustsson et al., 2004. Antioxidant vitamins and coronary heart disease risk: A pooled analysis of 9 cohorts. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 80: 1508-1520.
Direct Link  |  

13:  Kristofferzon, M.L., R. Lofmark and M. Carlsson, 2005. Coping, social support and quality of life over time after myocardial infarction. J. Adv. Nurs., 52: 113-124.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Kusharto, C.M., 2006. Dietary fiber and its role in health. J. Nutr. Food, 1: 47-47.

15:  Li, T.Y., J.S. Rana, J.E. Manson, W.C. Willett and M.J. Stampfer et al., 2006. Obesity as compared with physical activity in predicting risk of coronary heart disease in women. Circulation, 113: 499-506.
Direct Link  |  

16:  Mahan, L.K., J.L. Raymond and S. Escott-Stump, 2012. Krause's Food, Nutrition and Diet Therapy. 13th Edn., Saunders, London, UK.

17:  Maher, M.A. and S.S. Gutbi, 2013. Assessment of dietary pattern among coronary heart disease outpatients who attended el-Shaap teaching hospital, Khartoum state. Disease, 3: 7-14.
Direct Link  |  

18:  Marhoum, T.A., A.E. Abdrabo and M.F. Lutfi, 2013. Effects of age and gender on serum lipid profile in over 55 years-old apparently healthy Sudanese individuals. Asian J. Biomed. Pharmaceut. Sci., 3: 10-14.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Mortzzavimoghaddam, S.G., A. Zarban and M. Rezvani, 2007. The effect of vitamin E supplementation on lipid profile and oxidative stress markers in hemodialysis patients. ARYA Atheroscler., 3: 139-142.
Direct Link  |  

20:  Mumford, S.L., E.F. Schisterman, A.M. Siega-Riz, A.J. Gaskins, J. Wactawski-Wende and T.J. VanderWeele, 2011. Effect of dietary fiber intake on lipoprotein cholesterol levels independent of estradiol in healthy premenopausal women. Am. J. Epidemiol., 173: 145-156.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

21:  Muzakar, 2008. Association between vitamin B3 [Niasin], C, E and fiber with dyslipidemia in coronary heart disease in Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Hospital in Palembang). Ph.D. Thesis, Postgraduate Program on Health and Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University.

22:  Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults, 2001. Executive summary of the third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) expert panel on detection, evaluation and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). J. Am. Med. Assoc., 285: 2486-2497.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

23:  Okecka-Szymanska, J., E. Hubner-Wozniak, I. Piatkowska and M. Malara, 2011. Effects of age, gender and physical activity on plasma lipid profile. Biomed. Human Kinet., 3: 1-5.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

24:  Oluseye, O.O., R.A. Olaide, A.A. Chineze and B.C. Oguntona, 2012. Effect of activity level on lipid profile of adults working in tertiary institutions in Abeokuta South-Western Nigeria. Int. J. Trop. Med., 7: 93-97.

25:  Patsch, J.R., G. Miesenbock, T. Hopferwieser, V. Muhlberger and E. Knapp et al., 1992. Relation of triglyceride metabolism and coronary artery disease. Studies in the postprandial state. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vascular Biol., 12: 1336-1345.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

26:  Perk, J., G.D. Backer, H. Gohlke, I. Graham and Z. Reiner et al., 2012. European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice (version 2012). Eur. Heart J., 33: 1635-1701.
Direct Link  |  

27:  Rayman, M.P., 2000. The importance of selenium to human health. Lancet, 356: 233-241.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

28:  Retelny, V.S., A. Neuendorf and J.L. Roth, 2008. Nutrition protocols for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Nutr. Clin. Pract., 23: 468-476.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

29:  Sandhu, H.S., S. Koley and K.S. Sandhu, 2008. A study of correlation between lipid profile and Body Mass Index (BMI) in patients with diabetes mellitus. J. Hum. Ecol., 24: 227-229.
Direct Link  |  

30:  Sanlier, N. and N. Yabanci, 2007. Relationship between body mass index, lipids and homocysteine levels in university students. J. Pak. Med. Assoc., 57: 491-494.
Direct Link  |  

31:  Soobrattee, M.A., V.S. Neergheen, A. Luximon-Ramma, O.I. Aruoma and T. Bahorun, 2005. Phenolics as potential antioxidant therapeutic agents: Mechanism and actions. Mutat. Res./Fundam. Mol. Mech. Mutagen., 579: 200-213.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

32:  Srimahachota, S., R. Wunsuwan, A. Siritantikorn, C. Boonla, S. Chaiwongkarjohn and P. Tosukhowong, 2010. Effects of lifestyle modification on oxidized LDL, reactive oxygen species production and endothelial cell viability in patients with coronary artery disease. Clin. Biochem., 43: 858-862.
CrossRef  |  

33:  Su, T.T., M. Amiri, F.M. Hairi, N. Thanglah, M. Dahlui and H.A. Majid, 2015. Body composition indices and predicted cardiovascular disease risk profile among urban dwellers in Malaysia. BioMed Res. Int. 10.1155/2015/174821

34:  WHO., 2000. International association for the study of obesity and the international obesity task force. The Asia-Pacific perspective: Redefining obesity and its treatment. Crows Nest, NSW, Australia: Health Communications Australia. World Health Organization Western Pacific Region.

35:  WHO., 2008. Waist circumference and waist-hip ratio. Report of a WHO Expert Consultation, Rome, Italy.

36:  WHO., 2014. Noncommunicable disease (NCD) country profiles (Indonesia). World Health Organization, November 24, 2014, Rome, Italy.

37:  Wu, Y., Y. Qian, Y. Pan, P. Li, J. Yang, X. Ye and G. Xu, 2014. Association betwen dietary fiber intake and risk of coronary heart disease: A meta-analysis. Clin. Nutr., 34: 603-611.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

38:  Zamani, A., M.A. Beni and M.A.Z.N. Abadi, 2012. Relationship between body composition with blood lipids profile. Eur. J. Exp. Bio., 2: 1509-1513.
Direct Link  |  

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved