Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Effect of Different Levels of Orange (Citrus Sinensis) Waste Juice Extracts on Broiler Chickens Performance



Ucop Haroen, Yetti Marlida, Mirzah and Agus Budianyah
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of orange (Citrus sinensis) waste juice extracts (OWJE) on performance in broilers chickens. A total of two hundred and forty unsexed broiler chicks (Arbor Acres CP-707) were randomly allocated to six treatments groups given varying concentrations of OWJE in the drinking water for 35 d. 0, 250, 500, 750 and 1000 ppm OWJE: water supplemented with an antibiotic only was used as a control. The growth responses achieved by broilers from all groups complied with standards. However, supplementation with 1000 ppm OWJE in drinking water increased feed intake and body weight gain, thereby increasing the feed conversion ratio of both starter (days 1-21) and finisher (days 22-35) broilers, while 750 ppm OWJE promoted feed intake and weight gain in starters. These results indicate OWJE is a useful additive for promoting broilers chicken growth. Additional research is needed to improve the suitability of OWJE as a feed additive which promotes growth in poultry.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Ucop Haroen, Yetti Marlida, Mirzah and Agus Budianyah, 2016. Effect of Different Levels of Orange (Citrus Sinensis) Waste Juice Extracts on Broiler Chickens Performance. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 15: 446-449.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2016.446.449

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2016.446.449

REFERENCES
AOAC., 2000. Official Methods of Analysis. 17th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA., USA.

Al-Kassie, G.A.M., 2008. The effect of anise and rosemary on broiler performance. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 7: 243-245.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Apata, D.F., 2009. Antibiotic resistance in poultry. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 8: 404-408.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Aziz-Mousavi, S.M.A., A.R. Seidavi and M. Dadashbeiki, 2012. Effect of different levels of synbiotics on carcass characteristics of broiler. Res. Opin. Anim. Vet. Sci., 2: 161-165.

Callaway, T.R., J.A. Carroll, J.D. Arthington, C. Pratt and T.S. Edrington et al., 2008. Citrus products decrease growth of E. coli O157: H7 and Salmonella typhimurium in pure culture and in fermentation with mixed ruminal microorganisms in vitro. Foodborne. Pathog. Dis., 5: 621-627.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Dibaji, S.M., A. Seidavi and L. Asadpour, 2012. Effect of dietary inclusion of the synbiotic Biomin IMBO on broilers' some blood metabolites. Res. Opin. Anim. Vet. Sci., 2: 10-13.

Farinu, G.O., S.G. Ademola, A.O. Ajayi Obe and G.M. Babatunde, 2004. Growth, haematological and biochemical studies on garlic and ginger fed broiler chickens. Moor. J. Agric. Res., 5: 122-128.

Gabriel, I., M. Lessire, S. Mallet and J.F. Guillot, 2006. Microflora of the digestive tract: Critical factors and consequences for poultry. World's Poult. Sci. J., 62: 499-511.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Haroen, U., 2014. Study of extract orange juice waste as feed additive in broiler ration. Master's Thesis, Andalas University, Indonesia.

Haroen, U., Y. Marlida, Mirzah and A. Budianyah, 2013. Extraction and isolation phytochemical and antimicrobial activity of limonoid compounds from orange waste juice. Pak. J. Nutr., 12: 730-735.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Miller, E.G., J.J. Peacock, T.C. Bourland, S.E. Taylor, J.M. Wright, B.S. Patil and E.G. Miller, 2007. Inhibition of oral carcinogenesis by citrus flavonoids. Nutr. Cancer, 60: 69-74.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Miller, E.G., J.L. Porter, W.H. Binnie, I.Y. Guo and S. Hasegawa, 2004. Further studies on the anticancer activity of citrus limonoids. J. Agric. Food Chem., 52: 4908-4912.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Miller, E.G., R. Fanous, F. Rivera-Hidalgo, W.H. Binnie, S. Hasegawa and L.K.T. Lam, 1989. The effects of citrus limonoids on hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis. Carcinogenesis, 10: 1535-1537.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Mourao, J.L., V.M. Pinheiro, J.A. Prates, R.J. Bessa, L.M. Ferreira, C.M. Fontes and P.I. Ponte, 2008. Effect of dietary dehydrated pasture and citrus pulp on the performance and meat quality of broiler chickens. Poult. Sci., 87: 733-743.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

NRC., 1997. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th Edn., National Research Council, Washington, DC., USA.

Nannapaneni, R., A. Muthaiyan, P.G. Crandall, M.G. Johnson and C.A. O'Bryan et al., 2008. Antimicrobial activity of commercial citrus-based natural extracts against Escherichia coli O157: H7 isolates and mutant strains. Foodborne Pathog. Dis., 5: 695-699.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Nidaullah, H., F.R. Durrani, S. Ahmad, I.U. Jan and S. Gul, 2010. Aqueous extract from different medicinal plants as anticoccidial, growth promotive and immunostimulant in broilers. ARPN J. Agric. Biol. Sci., 5: 53-59.
Direct Link  |  

Oluremi, O.I.A., V.O. Ojighen and E.H. Ejembi, 2006. The nutritive potentials of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) rind in broiler production. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 5: 613-617.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Pascual, M., M. Hugas, J.I. Badiola, J.M. Monfort and M. Garriga, 1999. Lactobacillus salivarius CTC2197 prevents Salmonella enteritidis colonization in chickens. Applied Environ. Microbiol., 65: 4981-4986.
Direct Link  |  

Roy, A. and S. Saraf, 2006. Limonoids: Overview of significant bioactive triterpenes distributed in plants kingdom. Biol. Pharmaceut. Bull., 29: 191-201.
Direct Link  |  

Steel, R.G.D., J.H. Torrie and D.A. Dickey, 1997. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. 3rd Edn., McGraw-Hill, Singapore.

Tanaka, T., H. Kohno, K. Kawaqbata, S. Honjo and M. Miyake and K. Wada, 2000. Citrus Limonoids Obacunone and Limonin İnhibit the Development of a Precursor Lesion, Aberrant Crypt Foci for Colon Cancer in Rats. In: Citrus Limonoids: Functional Chemicals in Agriculture and Foods, Berhow, M., S. Hasegawa and G. Manners (Eds.). American Chemical Society, USA., pp: 145-163.

Yu, J., L. Wang, R.L. Walzem, E.G. Miller, L.M. Pike and B.S. Patil, 2005. Antioxidant activity of citrus limonoids, flavonoids and coumarins. J. Agric. Food Chem., 53: 2009-2014.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved