Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Productivity and Meat Quality of Local Cattle Fed Soybean By-Products



A.M. Fuah, R. Priyanto, S. Suharti, K.G. Wiryawan and M. Ismail
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The main problems behind low productivity of beef cattle raised by farmers in the villages are the less sufficiency of feed resources and low quality of feed available for the animals, especially the deficiency of protein/nitrogen and low feed intake. This study was aimed to improve the productivity of local cattle in Indonesia through the utilization of soybean meal and its wastes as the main protein source. Twelve heads of Madura cattle with an average initial live weight of 175.64±16.4 kg and ages between I1-I2 (18-30 months) were used in the study. The cattle were allotted into four feeding treatments i.e., T0 as control (100% native grass); T1 (40% roughage 60% concentrate); T2 (complete feed with 15% soybean pods) and T3 (complete feed with 30% soybean pods, for three months. The observed parameters included cattle performance (final weight, average daily gain, feed consumption and feed conversion), carcass quality (backfat thickness, loin eye area and meat color) and physical quality of meat (pH, water holding capacity, cooking loss and meat tenderness). The results showed that cattle fed soybean wastes (T1, T2 and T3) were higher in all variables of cattle performance and backfat thickness compared to those fed control feed. Utilization of feed combined with soybean waste could improve cattle performance with relatively better meat quality than those given grass only.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

A.M. Fuah, R. Priyanto, S. Suharti, K.G. Wiryawan and M. Ismail, 2016. Productivity and Meat Quality of Local Cattle Fed Soybean By-Products. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 15: 364-369.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2016.364.369

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2016.364.369

REFERENCES
1:  Aditia, E.L., R. Priyanto, M. Baihaqi, B.W. Putra and M. dan Ismail, 2013. Productive performance of bali and ongole crossed cattle fattened by sorghum based feed. J. Prod. Process. Technol., 1: 155-159.

2:  Azadbakht, M., M.H. Khoshtaghaza, B. Gobadian and S. Minaei, 2012. Mechanical properties of soybean pod as a function of moisture content and energy. J. Agric. Technol., 8: 1217-1228.
Direct Link  |  

3:  Dunne, P.G., F.P. O'Mara, F.J. Monahan and A.P. Moloney, 2004. Colour of subcutaneous adipose tissue and muscle of Irish beef carcasses destined for the Italian market. Irish J. Agric. Food Res., 43: 217-226.
Direct Link  |  

4:  NSB., 2008. Indonesia national standardisasi number 3932: 2008 on carcass and meat quality. National Standardisasi Bureau (NSB), Jakarta, Indonesia.

5:  Buckle, K.A., R.A. Edwards, G.H. Fleet and M. Wootton, 1987. Food Science. 2nd Edn., University of Indonesia Press, Jakarta.

6:  Dei, H.K., 2011. Soybean as a feed ingredient for livestock and poultry. Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.

7:  DGLAH., 2013. Livestock and animal health statistics 2013. Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health (DGLAH), Ministry of Agriculture of Republic Indonesia, Jakarta.

8:  Field, T.G., 2007. Beef Production and Management Decisions. 5th Edn., Prentice Hall, USA., ISBN-13: 9780131198388, Pages: 718.

9:  Ha, J.K., S.W. Kim and W.Y. Kim, 2007. Use of agro-industrial by product as animal feeds in Korea. Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Agricultural And Life Science, Seoul Natiuonal University, Suweon, pp: 441-744.

10:  Ishler, V. and G. Varga, 2009. Soybean and soybean by-product dor dairy cattle. Dairy and Animal Science, Department of Dairy and Animal Science, The Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania, USA.

11:  Kaps, M. and W. Lamberson, 2004. Biostatics for Animal Science. CABI., Wallingford, UK.

12:  Kennedy, C., L. Baker, S. Dhakal and A. Ramaswami, 2012. Sustainable urban systems: An integrated approach. J. Ind. Ecol., 16: 775-779.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Khasrad and R.W.S. Ningrat, 2010. Improving carcass quality of Indigenous cattle of West Sumatera fed local feed resources. Pak. J. Nutr., 9: 822-826.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  McDonald, R.A. and S. Lariviere, 2002. Captive husbandry of stoats Mustela erminea. New Zealand J. Zool., 29: 177-186.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Meat and Livestock Australia, 2013. The Effect of pH on Beef Eating Quality. MLA Press, North Sydney, AU., USA.

16:  Nuernberg, K., D. Dannenberger, G. Nuernberg, K. Ender and J. Voigt et al., 2005. Effect of a grass-based and a concentrate feeding system on meat quality characteristics and fatty acid composition of longissimus muscle in different cattle breeds. Livest. Prod. Sci., 94: 137-147.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Page, J.K., D.M. Wulf and T.R. Schwotzer, 2001. A survey of beef muscle color and pH. J. Anim. Sci., 79: 678-687.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

18:  Priyanto, R., 2014. Improvement of local cattle production and meat quality through fattening program based on cerealea. J. Prod. Process. Technol., 20: 108-114.

19:  Satter, L.D., T.R. Dhiman and J.T. Hsu, 1994. Use of heat processed soybeans in dairy rations. Proceedings of the Cornell Nutrition Conference for Feed Manufacturers, October 18-20, 1994, Rochester, USA., pp: 19-.

20:  Sruamsiri, S. and P. Silman, 2008. Nutritive composition of soybean by-products and nutrient digestibility of soybean pod husk. Maejo Int. J. Sci. Technol., 2: 568-576.
Direct Link  |  

21:  Soeparno, 2005. Meat Science and Technology. 4th Edn., Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

22:  Warriss, P.D., 2000. Meat Science: An Introductory Text. CABI Publisher, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK., ISBN-13: 9781845935931, Pages: 234.

23:  Weidner, S.J. and R.J. Grant, 1994. Soyhulls as a replacement for forage fiber in diets for lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 77: 513-521.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

24:  Wheeler, T.L., L.V. Cundiff and R.M. Koch, 1994. Effect of marbling degree on beef palatability in Bos taurus and Bos indicus cattle. J. Anim. Sci., 72: 3145-3151.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved