Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

An Economic Analysis of Kampung Chicken Production Using the Small Water Plant Azolla microphylla in Their Feed

Agus Setiadi, Siswanto Imam Santoso, Sumarsono , L.D. Mahfudz and A.B. Susanto
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

We investigated the physical appearance and feed cost of kampung chickens whose feed was supplemented with 20% Azolla in commercial feed. The experiment was carried out with 15-day-old kampung chicks assigned to two treatments. One hundred birds were used in the study, with 50 birds assigned to treatment 1 (T1) and 50 birds assigned to treatment 2 (T2). Birds in T1 received a control diet consisting solely of commercial feed, with the diet containing 210 g/kg of crude protein. Birds in T2 received a diet that included 20% Azolla microphylla (AM) mixed in the ‘commercial diet’; this diet contained 200.4 g/kg of crude protein. The experiments were conducted over a period of 8 weeks. No differences were found in feed consumption and the final weight of the birds, but birds who were fed the T2 diet had a better feed conversion ratio (FCR) (p<0.05) than that of birds who were fed the T1 diet. No mortality of birds occurred during the experiment. Utilization of AM could reduce the costs of feed from IDR 7,000/kg to IDR 5,800/kg, while increasing income per bird from IDR 8,760 to IDR 11,834. In conclusion, utilization of 20% AM in the diet of kampung chickens reduces the feed cost, improves the FCR and increases the income per birds sold.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Agus Setiadi, Siswanto Imam Santoso, Sumarsono , L.D. Mahfudz and A.B. Susanto, 2016. An Economic Analysis of Kampung Chicken Production Using the Small Water Plant Azolla microphylla in Their Feed. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 15: 264-267.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2016.264.267


1:  Abraham, G., 2010. Antioxidant enzyme status in Azolla microphylla in relation to salinity and possibilities of environmental monitoring. Thin Solid Films, 519: 1240-1243.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  AOAC, 1996. Official Methods of Analysis. 16th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC., USA.

3:  Ali, M.A. and S. Leeson, 1995. The nutritive value of some indigenous Asian poultry feed ingredients. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 55: 227-237.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Arora, A. and P.K. Singh, 2003. Comparison of biomass productivity and nitrogen fixing potential of Azolla spp. Biomass Bioenergy, 24: 175-178.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Datta, S.N., 2011. Culture of Azolla and its efficacy in diet of Labeo rohita. Aquaculture, 310: 376-379.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

6:  Fasakin, E.A., 1999. Nutrient quality of leaf protein concentrates produced from water fern (Azolla africana Desv) and duckweed (Spirodela polyrrhiza L. Schleiden). Bioresour. Technol., 69: 185-187.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Kalita, P., P.K. Mukhopadhyay and A.K. Mukherjee, 2007. Evaluation of the nutritional quality of four unexplored aquatic weeds from northeast India for the formulation of cost-effective fish feeds. Food Chem., 103: 204-209.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

8:  Khan, M.M., 1988. A Primer on Azolla Production and Utilization in Agriculture. 2nd Edn., UPLB and SEARCA, Philippines, Pages: 143.

9:  Khatun, A., M.A. Ali and J.G. Dingle, 1999. Comparison of the nutritive value for laying hens of diets containing Azolla (Azolla pinnata) based on formulation using digestible protein and digestible amino acid versus total protein and total amino acid. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 81: 43-56.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

10:  Leterme, P., A.M. Londono, J.E. Munoz, J. Suarez, C.A. Bedoya, W.B. Souffrant and A. Buldgen, 2009. Nutritional value of aquatic ferns (Azolla filiculoides Lam. and Salvinia molesta Mitchell) in pigs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 149: 135-148.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Maejima, K., E. Uheda, S. Kitoh and N. Shiomi, 2002. Differences in growth rate, nitrogen fixation and numbers of cyanobionts and heterocysts among three Azolla pinnata var. pinnata strains. Environ. Exp. Bot., 47: 143-147.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Nataamijaya, A.G., 2008. The performance of Nagrak and Kampung chicken kept intensively in Cibadak Sukabumi, West Java. Indonesian J. Anim. Vet. Sci., 14: 97-103.
Direct Link  |  

13:  Shiomi, N. and S. Kitoh, 2001. Culture of Azolla in a pond, nutrient composition and use as fish feed. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 47: 27-34.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Peng, J.F., B.Z. Wang, Y.H. Song and P. Yuan, 2007. Modeling N transformation and removal in a duckweed pond: Model application. Ecol. Modell., 206: 294-300.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1980. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika [Principles and Procedures of Statistics]. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta, Indonesia.

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved