Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Effect of Minerals S, P and Cassava Flour Leaf Supplemented with Ammoniation Palm Leaves on the Performance of Beef Cattle

Suyitman , L. Warly, A. Rachmat and Dear R. Ramadhan
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

This study aims to determine the effect of refined palm leaves supplemented with mineral S and P and cassava leaves flour on cattle performance. This research is carried out starting from May 01 to September 15, 2015. Palm leaf sample, ration and feces are analyzed in Proximate and Van Soest at Ruminant Nutrition Laboratory of the Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Andalas, Padang. The research is an experimental study using randomized block design with 5 treatments and 4 replications. Treatment consists of: A = grass+concentrate (60:40%) as a control; B = best processed palm leaf in stage I+concentrate (60:40%); C = B+S and P mineral supplementation; D = B+cassava flour and E = C+cassava leaf flour. Data is analyzed using analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Differences between treatments were tested by Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The results show that the treatment gave a significantly different effect on the performance of beef cattle (p<0.05). The results of the average consumption of dry matter ration ranged from 10.54 to 11.25 kg/head/day; Dry matter digestibility: 51.51 to 61.59%; body weight gain: 0.62 to 0.94 kg/head/day; ration efficiency: 5.74 to 8.36%. The results of the study can be concluded that ammoniation palm leaves supplemented with mineral S and P as well as cassava leaves flour can replace 100% grass feed of beef cattle and provide better performance than the control diet (grass) in terms of body weight gain.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Suyitman , L. Warly, A. Rachmat and Dear R. Ramadhan, 2015. Effect of Minerals S, P and Cassava Flour Leaf Supplemented with Ammoniation Palm Leaves on the Performance of Beef Cattle. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 14: 849-853.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2015.849.853


1:  Akbr, S.A., 2006. Effect of fermented empty palm fruit bunches, defaunasi and by pass protein on performance of sheep. Masters Thesis, Andalas University, Padang.

2:  Batubara, L.P., 2002. The biological potential of palm leaves as basal feed in rations of beef cattle. Proceedings of the National Seminar on Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Technology, (NSAHVT'02) Center for Animal Husbandry, Bogor, pp: 135-138.

3:  Batubara, L.P., S.P. Ginting, K. Simanjuntak, J. Sianipar and A. Tarigan, 2003. Utilization of waste and by-products of oil palm plantations as goat ration cut. Proceedings of the national seminar on animal husbandry and veterinary technology, (NSAHVT'03), Center for Animal Husbandry, Bogor, pp: 106-109.

4:  Blaxter, K.L., 1969. The Energy Metabolism in The Rumen. Methuen and Co. Ltd., London.

5:  BPS., 2014. West Sumatra in Figures 2013. Central Bureau of Statistics of West Sumatra Province, Padang,.

6:  Church, D.C., 1979. Digestive Physiology and Nutrition of Ruminants. 2nd Edn., O and Books, Inc., Oxford Press, Oregon, ISBN: 9780960158652, Pages: 452.

7:  Davies, H.L., 1982. Nutrition and Growth Manual. Australian Universities International Development Program, Melbourne, Australia.

8:  Hungate, R.E., 1966. The Rumen and its Microbes. 1st Edn., Academic Press, London, Pages: 553.

9:  Komizarczuk, S. and M. Durand, 1991. Effect of Mineral on Microbial Metabolism. In: Rumen Microbial Metabolism and Ruminant Digestion, Jouany, J.P. (Eds.). INRA Publication, Versailes, France.

10:  McDowell, L.R., 1982. Mineral in Animal and Human Nutrition. Academic Press Inc., London, UK.

11:  Mir, P.S., Z. Mia and J.A. Robertson, 1986. Effect of branched chain amino acids or fatty acids supplementations on in vitro digestibility of barley straw or alfalfa hay. Can. J. Anim. Sci., 66: 151-156.
Direct Link  |  

12:  Muller, Z., K. Chon and K.C. Nah, 1974. Cassava as total substitute for cereals in livestock and poultry rations. Proceedings of the Conference on Animal Feeds of Tropical and Subtropical Origin, April 1-5, 1974, London, pp: 85-95.

13:  NRC., 1985. The Nutrient Requirements of Ruminant Livestock. National Academy of Science, Washington, DC., USA.

14:  Said, 1996. Handling and utilization of oil palm waste. Poster Agriwidya, Ungaran, Indonesia.

15:  Sayuti, N., 1989. Ruminology. Faculty of Animal Husbandry Andalas University. Padang, Indonesia.

16:  Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1991. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. 2nd Edn., Scholastic Press, Jakarta.

17:  Sutardi, T., 1980. Resistance of protein food ingredients against degradation by rumen microbes and beneficial for the improvement of livestock production. Proceedings of the seminar on research and supporting ranch. (SRSR'80), LPP, Bogor -.

18:  Sutardi, T., N.A. Sigit and T. Toharmat, 1982. Standardization of food protein quality parameters based ruminant metabolism by rumen microbes. Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University In collaboration with the Director of Development and Community Services Department of Education. Jakarta.

19:  Tillman, A.D., H. Hartadi, S. Reksohadiprodjo, S. Prawirokusumo and S. Lebdosoekojo, 1998. Animal Feed Science Basis. Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta.

20:  Van Soest, P.J., 1982. Nutritional Ecology of Ruminants. O & B Books Inc., Corvallis, Oregon, USA., Pages: 374.

21:  Warly, L., A. Kamaruddin, Hermon, W.S.N. Rusmana and Elihasridas, 1998. Utilization of agro-industrial by-products as a food ingredient ruminants (evaluation in vivo). Competitive Grant Research Report V/2 College of Fiscal Year 1997/1998. Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Andalas University. Padang.

22:  Widjaja, E. and B.N. Utomo, 2001. Utilization of oil palm solid waste as a feed supplement ruminants in Central Kalimantan. Proceedings of the National Seminar on Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Technology, April 22-25, 2001, Bogor, Indonesia, pp: 262-268.

23:  Zain, M., 1999. Substitution lawn with palm fiber in the diet of sheep growth: the effect of ammoniation, defaunasi, and supplementation of methionine hydroxy analogue and branched amino acids. Masters Thesis, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved