Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

In vitro Fermentation Characteristics of Palm Oil Byproducts Which is Supplemented with Growth Factor Rumen Microbes



Mardiati Zain, Jurnida Rahman, Khasrad and Erpomen
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The aim of this experiment was to study the use of palm oil by products [oil palm fronds (OPF), palm oil sludge (POS) and palm kernel cake (PKC)], that supplemented with Sapindus rarak and Sacharomyces cerevisiae on digestibility and fermentation in vitro. Oil Palm Fronds was previously treated with 3% urea. The treatments consist of 50% OPF+30% POS+20% PKC as a control diet (A), B = A+4% Sapindus rarak, C = A+0.5% Sacharomyces cerevisiae and D = A+4% Sapindus rarak+0.5% Sacharomyces cerevisiae. Digestibility of DM, OM, ADF, NDF, cellulose and rumen parameters (NH3 and VFA) of all treatments were significantly different (p<0.05). Product of fermentation and digestibility treatment A were significantly lower than treatments B, C and D. The result indicated that supplementation Sapindus rarak and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were able to improve fermentability and digestibility of palm oil by product.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Mardiati Zain, Jurnida Rahman, Khasrad and Erpomen , 2015. In vitro Fermentation Characteristics of Palm Oil Byproducts Which is Supplemented with Growth Factor Rumen Microbes. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 14: 625-628.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2015.625.628

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2015.625.628

REFERENCES
1:  Abd El-Ghani, A.A., 2004. Influence of diet supplementation with yeast culture (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on performance of Zaraibi goats. Small Ruminant Res., 52: 223-229.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  AOAC., 2007. Official Method of Analysis. 18th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemist, Gaithersburg, MD., USA.

3:  Benchaar, C., T.A. McAllister and P.Y. Chouinard, 2008. Digestion, ruminal fermentation, ciliate protozoal populations and milk production from dairy cows fed cinnamaldehyde, Quebracho condensed tannin, or Yucca schidigera Saponin extracts. J. Dairy Sci., 91: 4765-4777.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Callaway, E.S. and S.A. Martin, 1997. Effects of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae culture on ruminal bacteria that utilize lactate and digest cellulose. J. Dairy Sci., 80: 2035-2044.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Dawson, K.A., 1990. Designing the Yeast Culture of Tomorrow-Mode of Action of Yeast Culture for Ruminants and Non-Ruminants. In: Biotechnology in the Feed Industry, Lyons, T.P. (Ed.). Alltech Tech. Publ., Nicholasville KY., pp: 59-78.

6:  Chaucheyras-Durand, F. and G. Fonty, 2001. Establishment of cellulolytic bacteria and development of fermentative activities in the rumen of gnotobiotically-reared lambs receiving the microbial additive Saccharomyces cerevisiae CNCM I-1077. Reprod. Nutr. Dev., 41: 57-68.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Elseed, A.M.A.F. and M.A.R. Abusamra, 2007. Effects of supplemental yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) culture on NDF digestibility and rumen fermentation of forage sorghum hay in Nubian goat's kids. Res. J. Agric. Biol. Sci., 3: 133-137.

8:  Georing, H.K. and P.J. van Soest, 1970. Forage fibre analysis. Agricultural Hand Book No. 379, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC., USA.

9:  Grant, R.J. and D.R. Mertens, 1992. Influence of buffer pH and raw corn starch addition on in vitro fiber digestion kinetics. J. Dairy Sci., 75: 2762-2768.
PubMed  |  

10:  Guedes, C.M., D. Goncalves, M.A.M. Rodrigues and A. Dias-da-Silva, 2007. Effects of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast on ruminal fermentation and fibre degradation of maize silages in cows. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 145: 27-40.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Herawaty, R., N. Jamarun, M. Zain, Arnim and R.W.S. Ningrat, 2013. Effect of supplementation Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Leucaena leucocephala on low quality roughage feed in beef cattle diet. Pak. J. Nutr., 12: 182-184.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Kopecny, J. and R.J. Wallace, 1982. Cellular location and some properties of proteolytic enzymes of rumen bacteria. Applied Environ. Microbiol., 43: 1026-1033.
Direct Link  |  

13:  Lynch, H.A. and S.A. Martin, 2002. Effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae culture and Saccharomyces cerevisiae live cells on in vitro mixed ruminal microorganism fermentation. J. Dairy Sci., 85: 2603-2608.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Martin, S.A. and D.J. Nisbet, 1992. Effect of direct-fed microbials on rumen microbial fermentation. J. Dairy Sci., 75: 1736-1744.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Marghany, M., M.A. Sarhan, A. Abd. El-Hey and A.A.H. El-Tahan, 2005. Peformance of lactating buffaloes fed rations supplemented with different level s of baker's yeast (Sacharomyces cerevisiae). Egypt. J. Nutr. Feed, 8: 21-34.

16:  Mathieu, F., J.P. Jouany, J. Senaud, J. Bohatier, G. Berthin and M. Mercier, 1996. The effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Aspergillus oryzae on fermentations in the rumen of faunated and defaunated sheep; protozoal and probiotic interactions. Reprod. Nutr. Dev., 36: 271-287.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Michalet-Doreau, B. and D. Morand, 1996. Effect of yeast culture, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, on ruminal fermentation during adaptation to high-concentrate feeding. Ann. Zootech., 45: 337-337.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

18:  Miller-Webster, T., W.H. Hoover, M. Holt and J.E. Nocek, 2002. Influence of yeast culture on ruminal microbial metabolism in continuous culture. J. Dairy Sci., 85: 2009-2014.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

19:  Newbold, C.J., P.E.V. Williams, N. Mckain, A. Walker and R.J. Wallace, 1990. The effects of yeast culture on yeast numbers and fermentation in the rumen of sheep. Proc. Nutr. Soc., 49: 47-47.

20:  Newbold, C.J., R.J. Wallace, X.B. Chen and F.M. McIntosh, 1995. Different strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae differ in their effects on ruminal bacterial numbers in vitro and in sheep. J. Anim. Sci., 73: 1811-1818.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

21:  Newbold, C.J., S.M. El Hassan, J. Wang, M.E. Ortega and R.J. Wallace, 1997. Influence of foliage from African multipurpose trees on activity of rumen protozoa and bacteria. Br. J. Nutr., 78: 237-249.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  Oshio, S., O. Abu Hassan, A. Takigawa, D. Mohd. Jaafar, A. Abe, I. Dahlan and N. Nakanishi, 1990. Processing and utilization of oil palm by-products for ruminants. MARDI/TARC @ JIRCAS Collaborative Study Report, pp: 110.

23:  Paryad, A. and M. Rashidi, 2009. Effect of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on apparent digestibility and nitrogen retention of tomato pomace in sheep. Pak. J. Nutr., 8: 273-278.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

24:  Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1980. Principles and Procedure of Statistics. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc., New York, USA.

25:  Tang, S.X., G.O. Tayo, Z.L. Tan, Z.H. Sun and L.X. Shen et al., 2008. Effects of yeast culture and fibrolytic enzyme supplementation on in vitro fermentation characteristics of low-quality cereal straws. J. Anim. Sci., 86: 1164-1172.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

26:  Tilley, J.M.A. and R.A. Terry, 1963. A two-stage technique for the in vitro digestion of forage crops. Grass Forage Sci., 18: 104-111.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

27:  Wallace, R.J., 1994. Ruminal microbiology, biotechnology and ruminant nutrition: Progress and problems. J. Anim. Sci., 72: 2992-3003.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

28:  Zain, M., T. Sutardi, Suryahadi and N. Ramli, 2008. Effect of defaunation and supplementation methionine hydroxy analogue and branched chain amino acid in growing sheep diet based on palm press fiber ammoniated. Pak. J. Nutr., 7: 813-816.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

29:  Zain, M., N. Jamarun, A. Arnim, R.W.S. Ningrat and R. Herawati, 2011. Effect of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on fermentability, microbial population and digestibility of low quality roughage in vitro. Arch. Zootech., 14: 51-58.
Direct Link  |  

30:  Zain, M., J. Rahman and Khasrad, 2014. Effect of palm oil by products on in vitro fermentation and nutrient digestibility. Anim. Nutr. Feed Technol., 14: 175-181.
Direct Link  |  

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved