Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Pattern of BMI Percentiles among Adolescents in a Semi-Urban Community in South-Western Nigeria



Oluwayemi Isaac Oludare
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Obesity in children and adolescents is increasing globally with attendant consequences on health and mortality. Over the past two decades there has been increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in children, hence the need to regularly assess the body mass indices of adolescents in rapidly growing populations with the aim of early detection and management through lifestyle modification so as to prevent debilitating morbidity in adulthood. This was a cross sectional study involving 628 adolescents from two public schools and one private school in Ado Ekiti, Nigeria over four month period. With parental consent, volunteers completed a questionnaire, had their weight and height measured; body mass index calculated and BMI percentile plotted on BMI percentile charts for age and gender by Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The BMI percentile of 552 (87.9%) of the 628 studied subjects was within normal limits, 42 (6.7%) were overweight, 5 (0.8%) were obese and 29 (4.6%) were underweight using WHO definition. The proportion, 39 (13.8%), of the studied 282 female adolescents who were overweight/ obese was significantly higher than 8 (2.3%) of 346 male participants; this difference was statistically significant x 2 = 29.767, df = 1, p = <0.001). This study showed that the prevalence of overweight/obesity among secondary school adolescents in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria is lower than findings in other parts of Nigeria and also different compared to other parts of the world. Overweight/obesity is more common among females in the early adolescent age group.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Oluwayemi Isaac Oludare , 2015. Pattern of BMI Percentiles among Adolescents in a Semi-Urban Community in South-Western Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 14: 570-574.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2015.570.574

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2015.570.574

REFERENCES
1:  Akinpelu, A.O., O.O. Oyewole and K.S. Oritogun, 2008. Overweight and obesity: Does it occur in Nigerian adolescents in an urban community? Int. J. Biomed. Health Sci., 4: 11-17.

2:  Ansa, V.O., C.O. Odigwe and M.U. Anah, 2001. Profile of body mass index and obesity in Nigerian children and adolescents. Niger. J. Med., 10: 78-80.
PubMed  |  

3:  Ani, P., P. Uvere and H. Ene-Obong, 2013. Prevalence of overweight, obesity and thinness among adolescents in rural and urban areas of Enugu State, Nigeria. Int. J. Basic Applied Sci. North Am., 3: 1-7.
Direct Link  |  

4:  Aounallah-Skhiri, H., H.B. Romdhane, P. Traissac, S. Eymard-Duvernay, F. Delpeuch, N. Achour and B. Maire, 2008. Nutritional status of Tunisian adolescents: Associated gender, environmental and socio-economic factors. Public Health Nutr., 11: 1306-1317.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Barlow, S.E., 2007. Expert committee recommendations regarding the prevention, assessment and treatment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity: Summary report. Pediatrics, 120: S164-S192.
PubMed  |  

6:  Bray, G.A., 2004. Obesity is a chronic, relapsing neurochemical disease. Int. J. Obes., 28: 34-38.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Bibiloni, M.D.M., A. Pons and J.A. Tur, 2013. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescents: A systematic review. ISRN Obesity. 10.1155/2013/392747

8:  Caballero, B., 2007. The global epidemic of obesity: An overview. Epidemiol. Rev., 29: 1-5.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  De Onis, M., M. Blossner and E. Borghi, 2010. Global prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity among preschool children. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 92: 1257-1264.
Direct Link  |  

10:  El-Bayoumy, I., I. Shady and H. Lotfy, 2009. Prevalence of obesity among adolescents (10 to 14 years) in Kuwait. Asia Pac. J. Public Health, 21: 153-159.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Freedman, D.S., Z. Mei, S.R. Srinivasan, G.S. Berenson and W.H. Dietz, 2007. Cardiovascular risk factors and excess adiposity among overweight children and adolescents: The Bogalusa heart study. J. Pediatr., 150: 12-17.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Kimani-Murage, E.W., K. Kahn, J.M. Pettifor, S.M. Tollman, D.B. Dunger, X.F. Gomez-Olive and S.A. Norris, 2010. The prevalence of stunting, overweight and obesity and metabolic disease risk in rural South African children. BMC Public Health, Vol. 10. 10.1186/1471-2458-10-158

13:  Lobstein, T., L. Baur and R. Uauy, 2004. Obesity in children and young people: A crisis in public health. Obes. Rev., 5: 4-85.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Marfell-Jones, M., 2006. International standards for anthropometric assessment. http://www.ceap.br/material/MAT17032011184632.pdf.

15:  NCHS., 2011. Health, united states, 2011: With special features on socioeconomic status and health. DHHS Publication No. 2012-1232, National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), May 2012, Hyattsville, MD.

16:  Oduwole, A.A., T.A. Ladapo, I.B. Fajolu, E.N. Ekure and O.F. Adeniyi, 2012. Obesity and elevated blood pressure among adolescents in Lagos, Nigeria: A cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, Vol. 12. 10.1186/1471-2458-12-616

17:  Ogden, C.L., M.D. Carroll, B.K. Kit and K.M. Flegal, 2012. Prevalence of obesity and trends in body mass index among US children and adolescents, 1999-2010. J. Am. Med. Assoc., 307: 483-490.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

18:  Ogden, C.L., R.J. Kuczmarski, K.M. Flegal, Z. Mei and S. Guo et al., 2002. Centers for disease control and prevention 2000 growth charts for the United States: Improvements to the 1977 National center for health statistics version. Pediatrics, 109: 45-60.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

19:  Reddy, S.P., S. James, R. Sewpaul, F. Koopman and N.I. Funani et al., 2010. Umthente uhlaba usamila the South African youth risk behaviour survey 2008. South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town.

20:  Mehdad, S., A. Hamrani, K. El Kari, A. El Hamdouchi and A. Barakat et al., 2012. Body mass index, waist circumference, body fat, fasting blood glucose in a sample of moroccan adolescents aged 11-17 years. J. Nutr. Metab. 10.1155/2012/510458

21:  Speiser, P.W., M.C.J. Rudolf, H. Anhalt, C. Camacho-Hubner and F. Chiarelli et al., 2005. Consensus statement: Childhood obesity. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., 90: 1871-1887.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  Sabageh, O.A. and E.O. Ojofeitimi, 2013. Prevalence of obesity among adolescents in Ile-Ife, Osun state, Nigeria using body mass index and waist hip ratio: A comparative study. Niger. Med. J., 54: 153-156.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

23:  Tharkar, S. and V. Viswanathan, 2009. Impact of socioeconomic status on prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in urban India. Open Obesity J., 1: 9-14.
Direct Link  |  

24:  WHO., 2012. Obesity and overweight. Fact Sheet No. 311, World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/index.html.

25:  Whitlock, E.P., S.B. Williams, R. Gold, P.R. Smith and S.A. Shipman, 2005. Screening and interventions for childhood overweight: A summary of evidence for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Pediatrics, 116: e125-e144.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved