Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Fast Food Consumption Associated with Obesity/Overweight Risk among University Female Student in Saudi Arabia



Hala Hazam Al-Otaibi and Amany M. Basuny
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The aims of this study was to examine the pattern of fast food consumption among university students and to determine the association between fast food consumption and body weight status. A total 276 volunteer female students aged 18 to 25 years old and usually ate fast food from different college in King Faisal University, constituted the sample of the study. The prevalence of obesity/overweight was 29.7%. A total 130 (47.1%) students reported eating fast food two or more time per week and the main reasons for the consumption were lack of cooking skills. Eighty percent of the students never read the nutritional information at the fast food restaurant and only 5% of the students order healthier items always or most of the time. A significant correlation between BMI and frequency of consumption (r = 0.125; p = 0.05) was observed and the Logistic Regression model found obesity/overweight to be significantly associated with frequency of fast food consumption for students going two or more times per week (OR 3.072; 95% CI 1.107-8.523). Increase awareness about healthy choices of fast food by health education programs are recommended to promote healthy lifestyles and dietary habits among university students.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Hala Hazam Al-Otaibi and Amany M. Basuny, 2015. Fast Food Consumption Associated with Obesity/Overweight Risk among University Female Student in Saudi Arabia. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 14: 511-516.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2015.511.516

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2015.511.516

REFERENCES
1:  Azm, S.A. and H.A. Elebiary, 2010. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in relation to life-style among Saudi Arabian female nursing students. Med. J. Cairo Univ., 78: 377-385.
Direct Link  |  

2:  Alfawaz, H.A., 2012. The relationship between fast food consumption and BMI among university female students. Pak. J. Nutr., 11: 406-410.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

3:  Al-Hazzaa, H.M., N.A. Abahussain, H.I. Al-Sobayel, D.M. Qahwaji and A.O. Musaiger, 2012. Lifestyle factors associated with overweight and obesity among Saudi adolescents. BMC Public Health, 10.1186/1471-2458-12-354

4:  Cummins, S. and S. Macintyre, 2006. Food environments and obesity-neighborhood or nation? Int. J. Epidemiol., 35: 100-104.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Barnard, N.D., 2010. Trends in food availability, 1909-2007. Am. J. Clin. Nut., 91: 1530S-1536S.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

6:  Bryant, R. and L. Dundes, 2008. Fast food perceptions: A pilot study of college students in Spain and the United States. Appetite, 51: 327-330.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Currie, H., S. Della-Vigna, E. Moretti and V. Pathania, 2009. The effect of fast-food restaurants on obesity and weight gain. NBER working paper series. http://www.nber.org/papers/w14721.pdf

8:  Dave, J.M., L.C. An, R.W. Jeffery and J.S. Ahluwalia, 2009. Relationship of attitudes toward fast food and frequency of fast-food intake in adults. Obesity, 17: 1164-1170.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Darwish, M.A., Z.A. Al Turki, A.A. Sabra and A.M. Sebiany, 2014. Obesity among females attending Al-Qatif health care centers, Eastern Saudi Arabia: Prevalence and associated factors. Int. J. Med. Sci. Public. Health, 3: 1144-1149.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

10:  Driskell, J.A., B.R. Meckna and N.E. Scales, 2006. Differences exist in the eating habits of university men and women at fast-food restaurants. Nutr. Res., 26: 524-530.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Fraser, L.K., K.L. Edwards, J.E. Cade and G.P. Clarke, 2011. Fast food, other food choices and body mass index in teenagers in the United Kingdom (ALSPAC): A structural equation modelling approach. Int. J. Obesity, 35: 1325-1330.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Farghaly, N.F., M.B. Ghazali, M.H. Al-Wabel, A.A. Sadek and I.F. Abbag, 2007. Life style and nutrition and their impact on health of Saudi school students in Abha, Southwestern region of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med. J., 28: 415-421.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Fraser, L.K., K.L. Edwards, J. Cade and G.P. Clarke, 2010. The geography of fast food outlets: A review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 7: 2290-2308.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Habib, Q.F., R.A. Dardak and S. Zakaria, 2011. Consumer's preference and consumption towards fast food: Evidences from Malaysia. Bus. Manage. Q. Rev., 2: 14-27.

15:  Ibrahim, N.K., M. Mahnashi, A. Al-Dhaheri, B. Al-Zahrani and E. Al-Wadie et al., 2014. Risk factors of coronary heart disease among medical students in King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. BMC Public Health, 10.1186/1471-2458-14-411

16:  Kant, A.K. and B.I. Graubard, 2004. Eating out in America, 1987-2000: Trends and nutritional correlates. Prev. Med., 38: 243-249.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Khalaf, A., A. Westergren, V. Berggren, O. Ekblom and H.M. Al-Hazzaa, 2015. Prevalence and association of female weight status and dietary habits with sociodemographic factors: a cross-sectional study in Saudi Arabia. Public Health Nutr., 18: 784-796.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

18:  Kilani, H., M. Waly and R. Yousef, 2012. Trends of obesity and overweight among college students in Oman: A cross sectional study. Sultan Qaboos Univ. Med. J., 12: 69-76.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Kim, K. and E. Park, 2005. Nutrient density of fast-food consumed by the middle school students in Cheongju city. Korean J. Community Nutr., 10: 271-280.
Direct Link  |  

20:  Koura, M.R., B.K. Al-Dabal, P. Rasheed, L.S. Al-Sowielem and S.M. Makki, 2012. Prehypertension among young adult females in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. East Mediterr. Health J., 18: 728-734.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

21:  Kumar, H., R. Palaha and A. Kaur, 2013. Study of consumption, behavior and awareness of fast food among university hostlers. Asian J. Clin. Nutr., 5: 1-7.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  Larson, N., D. Neumark-Sztainer, M.N. Laska and M. Story, 2011. Young adults and eating away from home: associations with dietary intake patterns and weight status differ by choice of restaurant. J. Am. Dietetic Assoc., 111: 1696-1703.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

23:  Lowry, R., D.A. Galuska, J.E. Fulton, H. Wechsler, L. Kann and J.L. Collins, 2000. Physical activity, food choice and weight management goals and practices among U.S. college students. Am. J. Prev. Med., 18: 18-27.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

24:  Memish, Z.A., C. El Bcheraoui, M. Tuffaha, M. Robinson, F. Daoud and S. Jaber, 2014. Obesity and associated factors-Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Prev. Chronic Dis., 10.5888/pcd11.140236

25:  Ministry of Health, 2007. Allocation of 110 million riyals for establishment of 20 diabetes care centre. Allocation of 110 million riyals for Riyadh, 2007. Online (http://www.moh.gov.sa /Ministry/MediaCenter/News/Pages/NEWS-2007-10-29-001.aspx) [in Arabic].

26:  Morse, K.L. and J.A. Driskel, 2009. Observed sex differences in fast-food consumption and nutrition self-assessments and beliefs of college students. Nutr. Res., 29: 173-179.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

27:  Musaiger, A.O., O.L. Lloyd, S.M. Al-Neyadi and A.B. Bener, 2003. Lifestyle factors associated with obesity among male university students in the United Arab Emirates. Nutr. Food Sci., 33: 145-147.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

28:  Shatabdi, G., M.S. Bipasha and M.S. Islam, 2014. Fast food consumption and obesity risk among university students of Bangladesh. Eur. J. Preventative Med., 2: 99-104.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

29:  Schroder, H., M. Fito and M.I. Covas, 2007. Association of fast food consumption with energy intake, diet quality, body mass index and the risk of obesity in a representative Mediterranean population. Br. J. Nutr., 98: 1274-1280.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

30:  Stockton, S. and D. Baker, 2013. College students' perceptions of fast food restaurant menu items on health. Am. J. Health Educ., 44: 74-80.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

31:  Von Bothmer, M.I.K. and B. Fridlund, 2005. Gender differences in health habits and in motivation for a healthy lifestyle among Swedish university students. Nursing Health Sci., 7: 107-118.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

32:  Yahia, N., A. Achkar, A. Abdallah and S. Rizk, 2008. Eating habits and obesity among Lebanese university students. Nutr. J., Vol. 7. 10.1186/1475-2891-7-32

33:  Yardimci, H., Y. Ozdogan, A.O. Ozcelik and M.S. Surucuoglu, 2012. Fast-food consumption habits of university students: The sample of Ankara. Pak. J. Nutr., 11: 265-269.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

34:  Wang, W.E.I., 2012. Clinical Epidemiology Basic Principles and Practical Applications. Higher Education Press Publication, Beijing,.

35:  WHO., 2000. Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic (Technical Report Series No. 894). World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, ISBN-13: 9789241208949, Pages: 253.

36:  World Health Organization, 1998. Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. Report of a World Health Organization Consultation on Obesity. WHO, Geneva.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved