Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Effect of Mineral Supplementation and Introduction of Setaria sphacelata Grass and Gliricidia sepium Legume on Productivity of Kacang Goat at Serang River Basin Upland Area, Central Java, ndonesia

Widiyanto , E. Pangestu, Surahmanto , V.D. Yunianto, B.I.M. Tampoebolon and B.W.H.E. Prasetiyono
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

This experiment was conducted at the upland area of Serang river basin, to study the influence of Setaria sphacelata grass and Gliricidia sepium legume forages feeding in combination with mineral supplementation on nutritional status and performance of Kacang goat. Twenty four male Kacang goats (14.01±0.6 kg) were used as experimental materials. First factor were: F0 (100% conventional forage), F1 (70% conventional forage + 30% Setaria), F2 (40% conventional forage + 30% Setaria + 30% Gliricidia), F3 (20% conventional forage + 30% Setaria + 50% Gliricidia). The second factor, namely: S0 (without supplementation) and S1 (mineral supplementation). The data were analyzed by analysis of variance with 4 × 2 × 3 factorial arrangement in randomized completely block design. The dry matter (DM) consumption in F2 and F3 were higher (p<0.05) than that in F0 and F1 treatment groups (301.1 and 328.9 vs 219 and 241.7 g/head/day, respectively). The in vivo dry matter digestibility (IVoDMD) in F2 and F3 were higher (p<0.05) than that in F1, but non significantly different from F0. The average daily gain (ADG) of goats in F0, F2 and F3 were higher (p<0.05) than F1 treatment group (namely: 35.72, 35.95 and 37.42 vs 34.55 g/head/day). Feeding 30% Setaria sphacelata grass and 50% Gliricidia sepium legume increased ADG of Kacang goat. Mineral supplementation improved the Ca and P status and Kacang goat ADG.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Widiyanto , E. Pangestu, Surahmanto , V.D. Yunianto, B.I.M. Tampoebolon and B.W.H.E. Prasetiyono, 2015. Effect of Mineral Supplementation and Introduction of Setaria sphacelata Grass and Gliricidia sepium Legume on Productivity of Kacang Goat at Serang River Basin Upland Area, Central Java, ndonesia. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 14: 440-446.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2015.440.446


1:  AOAC., 1990. Officials Methods of Analysis. 15th Edn., Association of Analytic Chemists, Washington DC., USA.

2:  Atrian, P. and H.A. Shahryar, 2012. Effects of fibrolytic enzyme treated alfalfa on performance in Holstein beef cattle. Eur. J. Exp. Biol., 2: 270-273.
Direct Link  |  

3:  Church, D.C., 1988. The Ruminant Animal Digestive Physiology and Nutrition. 2nd Edn., O and B Books, Inc., New York, USA.

4:  Fink, K.R., L.R. McDowell, P.H. Miles, N.S. Wilkinson, J.D. Funk and J.H. Conrad, 1979. Methods of Mineral Analysis for Plant and Animal Tissues. 2nd Edn., University of Florida, Gainsville.

5:  Galea, S. and R. Blundell, 2011. Parathyroid hormone and calcitonin regulating calcium levels. Res. J. Biol. Sci., 6: 183-186.
Direct Link  |  

6:  Galyean, M.L., 1980. Laboratory procedures in animal nutrition research. Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Texas Tech University, University in Lubbock, Texas.

7:  Genther, O.N. and S.L. Hansen, 2014. Effect of dietary trace mineral supplementation and a multi-element trace mineral injection on shipping response and growth performance of beef cattle. J. Anim. Sci., 92: 2522-2530.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

8:  Georgievskii, V.I., B.N. Annekov and V.T. Samokhin, 1979. Mineral Nutrition in Animals. Kolos Publishing House, Moskow, Russia.

9:  Jun, H.S., M. Qi, J. Gong, E.E. Egbosimba and C.W. Forsberg, 2007. Outer membrane proteins of Fibrobacter succinogenes with potential roles in adhesion to cellulose and in cellulose digestion. J. Bacteriol., 189: 6806-6815.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

10:  Kamra, D.N., 2005. Rumen microbial ecosystem. Curr. Sci., 89: 124-135.
Direct Link  |  

11:  Kearl, L.C., 1982. Nutrient Requirements of Ruminant in Developing Countries. Utah Agricultural Experimental Station, Logan, Utah, USA.

12:  Maeda, E.M., L.M. Zeoula, C.C. Jobim, U. Cecato and L.P. Rigolon et al., 2012. Intake, digestibility, rumen characteristics and microbial protein synthesis efficiency in bovine and bubaline fed sugar cane silage with additives. Revista Brasileira Zootecnia, 41: 707-716.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Mao, H.L., C.H. Wu, J.K. Wang and J.X. Liu, 2013. Synergistic effect of cellulase and xylanase on in vitro rumen fermentation and microbial population with rice straw as substrate. Anim. Nutr. Feed Technol., 13: 477-487.
Direct Link  |  

14:  McDowell, L.R., J.H. Conrad, G.L. Ellis and J.K. Loosli, 1983. Minerals for grazing ruminants in tropical regions. Department of Animal Science, Center for Tropical Agriculture, University of Florida, Gainesville and the U.S. Agency for International and Development.

15:  Merkel, R.C. and Subandriyo, 1997. Sheep and Goat Production Handbook for Southeast Asia. 3rd Edn., Small Ruminant-Collaborative Research Support Program, California University, Davis, CA., USA., ISBN-13: 9789798308192, Pages: 213.

16:  Nikkhah, A., 2014. Review: Ruminant feed intake regulation evolution: Chronophysiological rhythms perspectives. Biol. Rhythm Res., 45: 563-577.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Ondiek, J.O., P.B. Ogore, E.K. Shakala and G.M. Kaburu, 2013. Feed intake, digestibility and performance of growing small East African goats offered maize (Zea mays) stover supplemented with Balanites aegyptiaca and Acacia tortilis leaf forages. Basic Res. J. Agric. Sci. Rev., 2: 21-26.
Direct Link  |  

18:  Rahim, I., J.I. Sultan, M. Sharif and M.Q. Bilal, 2013. Chemical composition, mineral profile, palatabiltiy and in vitro digestibility of shrubs. J. Anim. Plant Sci., 23: 45-49.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Sayed, A.N., N.A. Gazia, A.M. Abdellah and S.M. Abdelrheem, 2012. Effect of different planes of nutrition on the some minerals concentration in the blood of goats. Int. J. Agro Vet. Med. Sci., 6: 208-215.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

20:  Soetan, K.O., C.O. Olaiya and O.E. Oyewole, 2010. The importance of mineral elements for humans, domestic animals and plants: A review. Afr. J. Food Sci., 4: 200-222.
Direct Link  |  

21:  Steel, G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. 2nd Edn., Mcgraw Hill Book Co. Inc., New York, Pages: 507.

22:  Sudake, K.S., S. Parnerkar, S.S. Shankhpal, V. Boraniya and S.B. Katole, 2013. Feed intake, digestibility, rumen fermentation pattern and blood biochemical profile of growing crossbred calves fed lime treated Jatropha (Jatropha curcas) cake. Livestock Res. Int., 1: 8-17.
Direct Link  |  

23:  Suttle, N.F., 2010. Mineral Nutrition of Livestock. 4th Edn., CABI Publishing, London, ISBN: 9781845934729, Pages: 587.

24:  Van de Vyver, W.F.J. and B.A. Useni, 2012. Digestion and microbial protein synthesis in sheep as affected by exogenous fibrolytic enzymes. South Afr. J. Anim. Sci., 42: 488-492.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved