Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Abstract
Fulltext PDF
References
Research Article
 

Analysis of Media Use in the Nutrition Education on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of the Breakfast Habits on Elementary School Students



Nurlaely Fitriana, Siti Madanijah and Ikeu Ekayanti
 
ABSTRACT

Breakfast is the most important food in the morning, but often missed and skipped. The objective of this study was to analyze the use of media in nutrition education on knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of the breakfast habits on elementary school students. The design of this study was quasy-experimental. Total subjects in the study were 166 elementary school students in grade 5 of public elementary school (PES) from 4 selected PES in Brebes City, Central Java-Indonesia. The intervention groups in this study were poster media group, leaflet, multimedia and without media. Scores of subjects’ breakfast knowledge and attitudes were increased after the intervention. Subjects’ breakfast practices also increased after the intervention, but still categorized as "less" and have yet to meet the nutritional adequacy. ANOVA test results based on changes in the scores of subjects’ breakfast knowledge at baseline and end line showed no significant difference (p>0.05), while based on changes in the scores of subjects’ breakfast attitudes showed significant difference between the media (p<0.05). Subjects’ breakfast attitudes and practices showed better improvement in L (leaflet) group. This implied that the intervention of nutrition education using the media particularly leaflet, was more effectively improved subjects’ breakfast attitudes and practices.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Nurlaely Fitriana, Siti Madanijah and Ikeu Ekayanti, 2015. Analysis of Media Use in the Nutrition Education on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of the Breakfast Habits on Elementary School Students. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 14: 335-345.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2015.335.345

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2015.335.345

REFERENCES
Affenito, S.G., 2007. Breakfast: A missed opportunity. J. Am. Diet. Assoc., 107: 565-569.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Alexy, U., M. Wicher and M. Kersting, 2010. Breakfast trends in children and adolescents: Frequency and quality. Public Health Nutr., 13: 1795-1802.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Clark, M.A. and M.K. Fox, 2006. Nutritional quality of the diets of US public school children and the role of the school meal programs. J. Am. Diet. Assoc., 109: S44-S56.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Cribb, V.L., L.R. Jones, I.S. Rogers, A.R. Ness and P.M. Emmett, 2011. Is maternal education level associated with diet in 10-year-old children? Public Health Nutr., 14: 2037-2048.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Custers, E.J.F.M., 2010. Long-term retention of basic science knowledge: A review study. Adv. Health Sci. Educ., 15: 109-128.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Dehdari, T., T. Rahimi, N. Aryaeian and M.R. Gohari, 2013. Effect of nutrition education intervention based on Pender's Health Promotion Model in improving the frequency and nutrient intake of breakfast consumption among female Iranian students. Public Health Nutr., 17: 657-666.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Deshmukh-Taskar, P.R., T.A. Nicklas, C.E. O'Neil, D.R. Keast, J.D. Radcliffe and S. Cho, 2010. The relationship of breakfast skipping and type of breakfast consumption with nutrient intake and weight status in children and adolescents: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2006. J. Am. Diet. Assoc., 110: 869-878.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Ewles, L. and Simnett, 1994. Health Promotion Practical Guide Second Edition. In: Promoting Health, A Practical Guide Second Edition, Emilia, O. and D. Hasanbasri(Eds.). Wiley, Yogyakarta.

Fairclough, S.J., A.F. Hackett, I.G. Davies, R. Gobbi and K.A. Mackintosh et al., 2013. Promoting healthy weight in primary school children through physical activity and nutrition education: A pragmatic evaluation of the CHANGE! randomised intervention study. BMC. Pub. Health., 13: 626-640.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Fitriani, S., 2011. Health Promotion. Graha Science, Yogyakarta.

Gibson, R.S., 2005. Principle of Nutritional Assesment. 2nd Edn., Oxford University Pr, Oxford.

Hamida, K., S. Zulaekah and Mutalazimah, 2012. Nutrition counseling with the comic media to increase the knowledge about the safety of street food. J. KEMAS., 8: 67-73.

Hardinsyah, 1996. Measurement and Determinants of Food Diversity: Implications for Indonesia's Food and Nutrition Policy. University of Queensland, Brisbane pages:702.

Hardinsyah, 2012. Healthy breakfast. http://www.persagi.org.

Health, D.L. and K.S. Panaretto, 2005. Nutrition status of primary school children in Townsville. Aust. J. Rural. Health, 13: 282-289.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Hermina, H. and N. Afriansyah, 2010. [Development of computer-based nutritional education game-play for primary school students]. J. Nutr. Food Res., 33: 161-172.
Direct Link  |  

Hermina, H., A. Nofitasari and R. Anggorodi, 2009. [Factors affecting habitual breakfast in junior high school teenage girls]. J. Nutr. Food Res., 33: 94-100.
Direct Link  |  

Hoyland, A., L. Dye and C.L. Lawton, 2009. A systematic review of the effect of breakfast on the cognitive performance of children and adolescents. Nutr. Res. Rev., 22: 220-243.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Ibrahim, M. and O. Al-Shara, 2007. Impact of interactive learning on knowledge retention. Lecture Notes Comput. Sci., 4558: 347-355.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Katz, D.L., C.S. Katz, J.A. Treu, J. Reynolds and V. Njike et al., 2011. Teaching healthful food choices to elementary school students and their parents: The nutrition detectivesTM program. J. Sch. Health, 81: 21-28.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Khan, A., 2006. The relationship between breakfast, academic performance and vigilance in School Aged Children. Masters Thesis, Murdoch University, Australia.

Koerniawati, R.D., 2013. Effect of healthy breakfast campaign to changes of knowledge, attitude and breakfast habits for elementary school in Bogor District [skripsi]. Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.

Lim, E.S., Y.S. Cho, S.N. Kim and S.B. Kim, 2012. Development and effect's Development and effect's analysis of nutrition education pamphlet for the higherr grades elementary students-focused on individual daily needed food exchange units. Korean J. Community Nutr., 17: 698-706.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Lin, W., H.C. Yang, C.M. Hang and W.H. Pan, 2007. Nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior of Taiwanese elementary school children. Asia Pac. J. Clin. Nutr., 16: 534-546.
Direct Link  |  

Mariza, Y.Y. and A.C. Kusumastuti, 2013. The relationship between breakfast habits and the habit of eating snacks with nutritional status of primary school children in District Pedurungan Semarang. J. Nutr. Coll., 2: 207-213.

Murphy, S., G.F. Moore, K. Tapper, R. Lynch and R. Clarke et al., 2011. Free healthy breakfasts in primary schools: A cluster randomised controlled trial of a policy intervention in Wales, UK. Public Health Nutr., 14: 219-226.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Nababan, S., 2012. The effect of "Let's Breakfast" comic on breakfast knowledge of elementary school children in Bogor [skripsi]. Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.

Nasir, M.T.M., A.K. Norimah, A.S. Hazizi, A.R. Nurliyana, S.H. Loh and I. Suraya, 2012. Child feeding practices, food habits, anthropometric indicators and cognitive performance among preschoolers in peninsular Malaysia. Appetite, 58: 525-530.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Prelip, M., J. Kinsler, C. Le Thai, J.T. Erausquin and W. Slusser, 2012. Evaluation of a school-based multicomponent nutrition education program to improve young children's fruit and vegetable consumption. J. Nutr. Educ. Behav., 44: 310-318.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Preziosi, P., P. Galan, M. Deheeger, N. Yacoub, A. Drewnowski and S. Hercberg, 1999. Breakfast type, daily nutrient intakes and vitamin and mineral status of french children, adolescents and adults. J. Am. Coll. Nutr., 18: 171-178.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Regev, D., D. Kedem and J. Guttmann, 2012. The effects of mothers' participation in movement therapy on the emotional functioning of their school-age children in Israel. Arts Psychotherapy, 39: 479-488.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Shariff, Z.M., S.S. Bukhari, N. Othman, N. Hashim and M. Ismail et al., 2008. Nutrition education intervention improves nutrition knowledge, attitude and practices of primary school children: A pilot study. Int. Electron. J. Health Educ., 11: 119-132.
Direct Link  |  

Sherman, J. and E. Muehlhoff, 2007. Developing a nutrition and health education program for primary schools in Zambia. J. Nutr. Educ. Behav., 39: 335-342.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Siagian, A., Jumirah and F. Tampubolon, 2010. Visual posters media and leaflets healthy food and snack food consumption behaviour of high school students in district of mandailing natal. J. KESMAS, 4: 262-268.

Trepka, M.J., F.L. Newman, F.G. Huffman and Z. Dixon, 2010. Food safety education using an interactive multimedia kiosk in a WIC setting: correlates of client satisfaction and practical issues. J. Nutr. Educ. Behav., 42: 202-207.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

WHO., 1996. Sample size determination epidemiological and statistical metodhology unit. WHO., Geneva.

Yeoh, Y.J., J. Yoon and J.E. Shim 2009. Relation of breakfast intake to diet quality in Korean School-Aged Children: Analysis of the data from the 2001 National Health and Nutrition Survey. Korean J Community Nutr., 14: 1-11.
Direct Link  |  

Yuliyanti, D., 2010. Effect of balanced nutrition counseling in improving knowledge and attitudes in mothers of children 0-5 years in Village of Srandakan Gunung Kidul Saren Bantul [manuscript publication]. Institute of Health Science Aisyiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta.

©  2019 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved
Fulltext PDF References Abstract