Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Analysis of Factors Affecting Nutritional Status of Elderly at State Nursing Home and Non-Governmental Organization

Norhasanah , Hadi Riyadi and Dadang Sukandar

The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that affect the nutritional status of the elderly in state nursing home and Non-Governmental Organization (NGO). This study used a cross-sectional method in which the number of respondents were 35 elderly people in the state nursing home and 25 elderly people in the NGO. Pearson correlation test results showed an association between emotional support, self-esteem support, appetite, carbohydrate adequacy and health status on nutritional status of the elderly. Results of regression with forward method showed that the dominant variable affecting the nutritional status, the type of institution, emotional support, appetite and carbohydrate adequacy. Appetite was the most influential factor on the nutritional status. The allocation of the government budget for NGO also need to be considered, not just focused on the state nursing home. For state nursing home and NGO should further strengthen and improve the programs that already exist relating to the improvement of the nutritional status of the elderly, such as counseling or education to elderly about the importance of balanced nutrition and physical activity, more in-depth communication on an individual basis especially for the elderly who experience psychosocial problems such as depression or lack of life satisfaction, increase productivity activities that stimulate the elderly so that they feel more valued and more motivated in life.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Norhasanah , Hadi Riyadi and Dadang Sukandar, 2015. Analysis of Factors Affecting Nutritional Status of Elderly at State Nursing Home and Non-Governmental Organization. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 14: 180-187.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2015.180.187


Blaney, S., M. Beaudry, M. Latham and M. Thibault, 2009. Nutritional status and dietary adequacy in rural communities of a protected area in Gabon. Public Health Nutr., 12: 1946-1959.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Cecen, A.R., 2008. Sense of coherence, family sense of coherence and self esteem in predicting life satisfaction among university students. J. Theory Pract. Educ., 6: 415-431.

Cohen, A.B. and H.G. Koenig, 2003. Religion, religiosity and spirituality in the biopsychosocial model of health and ageing. Ageing Int., 28: 215-241.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Cutrona, C.E., 1996. Social Support in Couples: Marriage as a Resource in Times of Stress. Sage Publications, USA., ISBN: 978-0803948839, Pages: 168.

Dilmac, B. and H. Eksi, 2008. Investigation the relationship between life satisfaction and self esteem among vocational schools students. Selcuk Univ. J. Inst. Soc. Sci., 20: 279-289.

Drapeau, V., J. Blundell, F. Therrien, C. Lawton, D. Richard and A. Tremblay, 2005. Appetite sensations as a marker of overall intake. Br. J. Nutr., 93: 273-280.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  

Gibson, R.S., 2005. Principles of Nutritional Assessment. 2nd Edn., Oxford University Press, New York, ISBN-13: 9780195171693, Pages: 908.

Hauner, H., A. Bechthold, H. Boeing, A. Bronstrup and A. Buyken et al., 2012. Evidence-based guideline of the german nutrition society: Carbohydrate intake and prevention of nutrition-related diseases. Ann. Nutr. Metab., 60: 1-58.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Khairani, R., 2007. [The prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its association with quality of life of the elderly in the community]. Med. Univ., 26: 18-26.

Lai, J.H.W., M.H. Bond and N.H.H. Hui, 2007. The role of social axioms in predicting life satisfaction: A longitudinal study in Hong Kong. J. Happiness Stud., 8: 517-535.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Lebel, L., C. Krittasudthacheewa, A. Salamanca and P. Sriyasak, 2012. Lifestyles and consumption in cities and the links with health and well-being: The case of obesity. Curr. Opin. Environ. Sustain., 4: 405-413.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Leung, B.W.C., G.B. Moneta and C. McBride-Chang, 2005. Think positively and feel positively: Optimism and life satisfaction in late life. Int. J. Aging Hum. Dev., 61: 335-365.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Marshall, C., C. Lengyel and A. Utioh, 2012. Body dissatisfaction: Among middle-aged and older women. Can. J. Dietetic Pract. Res., 73: e241-e241.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Neugarten, B.L., R.J. Havighurst and S.S. Tobin, 1961. The measurement of life satisfaction. J. Gerontol., 16: 134-143.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Roberts, S.B., 2000. Regulation of energy intake in relation to metabolic state and nutritional status. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr., 54: S64-S69.
PubMed  |  

Roberts, S.B., P. Fuss, M.B. Heyman, W.J. Evans and R. Tsay et al., 1994. Control of food intake in older men. J. Am. Med. Assoc., 272: 1601-1606.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Robinson, L., M. Smith and J. Segal, 2015. Depression in older adults and the elderly.

Rodda, J., Z. Walker and J. Carter, 2011. Depression in older adults. BMJ, Vol. 343. 10.1136/bmj.d5219

Sharkey, J.R., L.G. Branch, N. Zohoori, C. Giuliani, J. Busby-Whitehead and P.S. Haines, 2002. Inadequate nutrient intakes among homebound elderly and their correlation with individual characteristics and health-related factors. Am. J. Clin. Nut., 76: 1435-1445.
Direct Link  |  

Sulandari, S., D. Martyastanti and R. Mutaqwarohmah, 2009. [Forms productivity elderly]. Periodical Scient. J. Psychol., 11: 58-68.

Volkert, D., 2013. Malnutrition in older adults-urgent need for action: A plea for improving the nutritional situation of older adults. Gerontology, 59: 328-333.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Woodend, D.M. and G.H. Anderson, 2001. Effect of sucrose and safflower oil preloads on short term appetite and food intake of young men. Appetite, 37: 185-195.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Yesavage, J.A. and J.I. Sheikh, 1986. Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) recent evidence and development of a shorter violence. Clin. Gerontol., 5: 165-173.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Zhang, L. and J.P. Leung, 2002. Moderating effects of gender and age on the relationship between self-esteem and life satisfaction in mainland Chinese. Int. J. Psychol., 37: 83-91.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2019 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved