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Research Article

Nutritional Assessment of the Adolescents in the Northern State of Sudan

Nur Mohammed Khair Ahmed and Zeinab Osman Onsa
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An investigation of the adolescents nutritional status in the Northern State was carried in urban and rural areas. 515 household chosen, populated by 1929 subjects. Adolescents aged (10<20 years) constituting 20.8% were selected from the households. Information on socioeconomic status, anthropometric measurements (BMI-for age), food habits and intake was collected by means of a questionnaire. Prevalence of under weight was a problem among adolescents in the state; which was highest in Albakri (28.6%), similar in Dongla and Marawi, lowest in Karima (16.9%). It was highest among males (29.4%) compared with (17.5%) among females. The gender difference was significant (p<0.021). The strongest predictor of under weight among adolescents was the household energy intake which contributed to about 77% of the variability, then came rural residency. Wheat was the staple food consumed mainly as gurasa. Meat as beef/mutton was used in small amounts to prepare the traditional meat/vegetable stew Mean energy intake was 1734 kcal/day, highest in Karima lowest in Albakri. Location differences were significant (p<0.004) but no urban/rural differences. Protein intake was adequate in 69.5% of the households, animal protein contributed 21.6% to total protein, highest in Karima and lowest in Albakri. Fat intake was inadequate in 83.9% of the households and carbohydrates were in excess in 62.5%. Albakri had the worst food intake because 74.0% of its households lived below the poverty line. The nutritional situation in the State needs further investigation particularly underweight among the adolescents.

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  How to cite this article:

Nur Mohammed Khair Ahmed and Zeinab Osman Onsa, 2014. Nutritional Assessment of the Adolescents in the Northern State of Sudan. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 13: 79-87.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2014.79.87


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