Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Nutritional Assessment of the Adolescents in the Northern State of Sudan



Nur Mohammed Khair Ahmed and Zeinab Osman Onsa
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

An investigation of the adolescents nutritional status in the Northern State was carried in urban and rural areas. 515 household chosen, populated by 1929 subjects. Adolescents aged (10<20 years) constituting 20.8% were selected from the households. Information on socioeconomic status, anthropometric measurements (BMI-for age), food habits and intake was collected by means of a questionnaire. Prevalence of under weight was a problem among adolescents in the state; which was highest in Albakri (28.6%), similar in Dongla and Marawi, lowest in Karima (16.9%). It was highest among males (29.4%) compared with (17.5%) among females. The gender difference was significant (p<0.021). The strongest predictor of under weight among adolescents was the household energy intake which contributed to about 77% of the variability, then came rural residency. Wheat was the staple food consumed mainly as gurasa. Meat as beef/mutton was used in small amounts to prepare the traditional meat/vegetable stew Mean energy intake was 1734 kcal/day, highest in Karima lowest in Albakri. Location differences were significant (p<0.004) but no urban/rural differences. Protein intake was adequate in 69.5% of the households, animal protein contributed 21.6% to total protein, highest in Karima and lowest in Albakri. Fat intake was inadequate in 83.9% of the households and carbohydrates were in excess in 62.5%. Albakri had the worst food intake because 74.0% of its households lived below the poverty line. The nutritional situation in the State needs further investigation particularly underweight among the adolescents.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Nur Mohammed Khair Ahmed and Zeinab Osman Onsa, 2014. Nutritional Assessment of the Adolescents in the Northern State of Sudan. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 13: 79-87.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2014.79.87

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2014.79.87

REFERENCES
1:  Boutros, J.Z., 1986. Sudan Food Composition Tables. Vol. 2, The National Chemical Laboratories, Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan.

2:  Brahmam, G.N.V., J.G. Sastry and N.P. Rao, 1988. Intra family distribution of dietary energy: An Indian experience. Ecol. Food Nutr., 22: 125-130.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

3:  CBS, 1993. Population census of Sudan. Final Tabulation, Central Bureau of Statistics, Khartoum, Sudan.

4:  CBS, 2007. Family expenditure survey. Central Bureau of Statistics, Khartoum, Sudan.

5:  CBS, 2008. Population census of Sudan-Northern State. Central Bureau of Statistics, Khartoum, Sudan.

6:  De Onis, M., A.W. Onyango, E. Borghi, A. Siyam, C. Nishida and J. Siekmann, 2007. Development of a WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents. Bull. World Health Organiz., 85: 660-667.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  FAO, 2004. Human energy requirement: Report of a joint FAO/WHO/UNU expert consultation, Rome, October 17-24, 2001. FAO Food and Nutrition Technical Report Series No. 1, FAO, Rome, Italy, pp: 1-96.

8:  FAO, 2005. Sudan nutrition profile. Food and Nutrition Division, FAO, Rome, Italy. ftp://ftp.fao.org/es/esn/nutrition/ncp/sdn.pdf.

9:  FAO/WFP, 2007. Special report: FAO/WFP crop and food supply assessment mission to Sudan. FAO/WFP, Rome, Italy, February 1, 2007. ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/009/j9213e/j9213e00.pdf.

10:  FSU, 2005. Food consumption and nutritional situation in the Northern State (2002-2003). Food Security Administration, General Administration of Planning and Agricultural Economics, Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, Khartoum, Sudan.

11:  Jelliffe, D.B., 1966. The assessment of the nutritional status of the community (with special reference to field surveys in developing regions of the world). WHO Monograph Series No. 53, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

12:  Khosla, T. and C.R. Lowe, 1967. Indices of obesity derived from body weight and height. Br. J. Prev. Social Med., 21: 122-128.
Direct Link  |  

13:  MAF, 2008. The annual report for food security. Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, Food Security Administration, Khartoum, Sudan.

14:  Mustafa, S.M. and Z.A. Alsiddig, 2007. Poverty and the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) in Sudan. Sudanese J. Public Health, 2: 212-217.

15:  Norgan, N.G. and A. Ferro-Luzzi, 1981. Weight-height indices as estimators of fatness in men. Hum. Nutr. Clin. Nutr., 36: 363-372.
PubMed  |  

16:  Osmani, S.R., 1997. Nutrition and poverty. ACC/SCN Symposium Report, Nutrition Policy Discussion Paper No. 16, November 1997, ACC/SCN Secretariat C/O World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, pp: 23-51.

17:  MOH, 2006. Sudan household health survey. WFP, UNEFPA, WHO, USAID, UNICEF, Ministry of Health, Central Bureau of Statistics, Government of National Unity, Khartoum, Sudan.

18:  UNDP, 2008. Status of MDGs in Sudan in 2008. UN Resident Support Office, United Nations Development Program, Khartoum, Sudan.

19:  UNDP, 2009. List of countries by literacy rates (UNDP 2009 report). United Nations Development Program, Khartoum, Sudan, pp: 171.

20:  WHO, 2002. The world health organization report 2002: Reducing risks, promoting healthy life. The World Health Organization, Rome, Italy. http://www.who.int/whr/2002/en/whr02_en.pdf?ua=1.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved