Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Nutritive Value of Panicum maximum Ensiled with Two Cultivars of Lablab purpureus (Lablab purpureus L.) by West African Dwarf Ram



M.C. Alasa, O.O Falola and O.J. Babayemi
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Silage making is an effective way of preservation both the quantity and quality of forages over hay making which is of paramount importance in sheep production. Supplementing Lablab purpureus (L. purpureus) improves the quality of Panicum maximum (P. maximum) in (P. maximum)/Lablab purpureus mixtures silages when used as basal diet. Information on P. maximum with L. purpureus mixtures as silage is scanty. The potential of Panicum maximum ensiled with two cultivars of Lablab purpureus (Highworth and Rongai) as dry season feed was therefore investigated. Silage characteristics were determined. Twenty-one West African dwarf rams were allotted to seven treatments on varying proportions of P. maximum ensiled with L. purpureus: 100% P. maximum (1), 75% P. maximum+25% Highworth (2), 50% P. maximum+50% Highworth (3), 25% P. maximum+75% Highworth (4) (75% P. maximum and 25% Rongai (5), 50% P. maximum and 50% Rongai (6) (25% Panicum maximum+75% Rongai (7) mixtures at 5% body weight for 98 days to assess Feed Intake (FI), Body Weight Gain (BWG), Dry Matter Digestibility (DMD) and nitrogen retention. Colour of silages was olive green with pleasant odour, firm texture, normal temperature (23-25°C) and pH range of 4.1-4.5. Least CP value was observed in diet 1 (9.0%) and highest in diet 4 (16.8%). Highest neutral detergent fibre, acid detergent fibre, acid detergent lignin were 56.1, 39.4 and 9.4%, respectively observed for diet 1. The least FI (573.87g) and BWG (23.81g) occurred in rams fed A while the highest FI (715.47g) and BWG (47.62g) was reported for rams fed G and D, respectively. Least DMD (40.4%) was obtained from rams fed E while highest (56.9%) was for rams fed G and percent retention differed significantly among treatment such that rams fed B had the least (30.7%) while those fed G had the highest (56.7%). 100% Panicum maximum diet had the least FI and WG while animals fed 25% Panicum maximum with 75% Rongai had the highest FI. Rams fed 25% Highworth had the least nitrogen retention while those fed 75% Rongai had the highest nitrogen retention. Better feed intake, nutrient digestibility, nitrogen utilization and growth rates of rams could be achieved when 25% Panicum maximum basal diets are supplemented with either of the two cultivars of lablab (Highworth or Rongai) at 75%. Rams placed on 25% Panicum maximum with 75% lablab performed better followed by those fed 50% Panicum maximum with 50% lablab. Similarly rams placed on 75% Panicum maximum with 25% Lablab purpureus performed better than those on sole Panicum maximum. 25% Panicum maximum ensiled with 75% lablab was thereby recommended.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

M.C. Alasa, O.O Falola and O.J. Babayemi, 2014. Nutritive Value of Panicum maximum Ensiled with Two Cultivars of Lablab purpureus (Lablab purpureus L.) by West African Dwarf Ram. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 13: 672-677.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2014.672.677

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2014.672.677

REFERENCES

1:  Ahmad, Z., A. Ghafoor and A. Ali, 2000. Evaluation of three exotic legume species for fodder potential. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 3: 2079-2081.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Ajayi, D.A., J.A. Adeneye and F.T. Ajayi, 2005. Intake and nutrient utilization of West African Dwarf goats fed mango (Mangifera indica), ficus (Ficus thionningii), gliricidia Gliricidia sepium) foliages and concentrates to basal diet of guinea grass (Panicum maximum). World J. Agric. Sci., 1: 184-189.
Direct Link  |  

3:  AOAC., 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC., USA., pp: 69-88

4:  ARC, 1983. The nutrient requirements of farm livestock, No. 2: Ruminants. Technical Reviews and Summaries, Agricultural Research Council (ARC), London, UK.

5:  Babayemi, O.J., 2009. Silage quality, dry matter intake and digestibility by West African dwarf sheep of Guinea grass (Panicum maximum cv Ntchisi) harvested at 4 and 12 week. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 8:: 3988-3989.
Direct Link  |  

6:  Babayemi, O.J. and M.A. Bamikole, 2006. Supplementary value of Tephrosia bracteolate, Tephrosia candidate, Leucocephala and Gliricidia sepium hay for West African Dwarf goat kept on a range. J. Central Eur. Agric., 7: 323-328.

7:  Babayemi, O.J., F.T. Ajayi, A.A. Taiwo, M.A. Bamikole and A.K. Fajimi, 2006. Performance of West African dwarf goats fed Panicum maximum and concentrate diets supplemented with Lablab (Lablab purpureus), Leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala) and Gliricidia (Gliricidia sepium) foliage. Nig. J. Anim. Prod., 33: 102-111.

8:  Bamikole, M.A., A.O. Akinsoyinu, I. Ezenwa, O.J. Babayemi, J. Akinlade and M.K. Adewumi, 2004. Effect of six-weekly harvests on the yield, chemical composition and dry matter degradability Panicum maximum and Stylosanthes hamate in Nigeria. Grass Forage Sci., 59: 357-363.

9:  Chen, C.P. and E.M. Hutton, 1992. Panicum Maximum Jacq. In: Plants Resources of South-East Asia No. 4. Forages, Mannetje, L. and R.M. Jones (Eds.). Pudoc Scientific Publishers, The Netherlands, pp: 172-174

10:  Duncan, D.B., 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11: 1-42.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Ifut, O.J., 1992. Body Weight Response of WAD Goats fed G. sepium, P. maximum and Cassava Peels. In: The Complementary of Feed Resources for Animal Production in Africa, Stares, J.E.S., A.N. Said and J.A. Kategile (Eds.). ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD), Botswana, ISBN: 978929053199

12:  Kallah, M.S., M. Baba, J.P. Alawa, I.R. Muhammad and R.J. Tanko, 1997. Ensiling quality of Columbus grass (Sorghum almum) grown in Northern Nigeria. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 68: 153-163.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Minson, D.J., T.H. Stobbs, M.P. Hegarty and M.J. Playne, 1976. Measuring the Nutritive Value of Pasture Plants. In: Tropical Pasture Research Principles and Methods, Shaw, N.H. and W.W. Bryan (Eds.). Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Hurley, England, pp: 308-337

14:  Mtenga, L.A. and R.A. Shoo, 1990. Growth rate, feed intake and feed utilization of small East African goats supplemented with Leucaena leucocephala. Small Ruminant Res., 3: 9-18.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Muhammad, I.R., S.A.S. Olorunju, S.W. Hena and E.C. Agishi, 2004. Forage yield, crude protein, in vitro dry matter digestibility and mineral content of three cultivars of lablab (Lablab purpureus). J. Anim. Prod. Res., 19: 51-59.

16:  Muhammad, I.R., M. Baba, M. Mustapha, M.Y. Ahmad and L.S. Abdurrahman, 2008. Use of legume in the improvement of silage quality of Columbus grass (Sorghum almum Parodi). Res. J. Anim. Sci., 2: 109-112.
Direct Link  |  

17:  Muhammad, I.R., S.A.S. Olorunju, S.W. Hena and E.C. Agishi, 2004. Forage yield, crude protein, in vitro dry matter digestibility and mineral content of three cultivars of lablab (Lablab purpureus). J. Anim. Prod. Res., 19: 51-59.

18:  Mupangwa, J.F., N.T. Ngongoni, J.H. Topps and H. Hamudikuwanda, 2000. Effects of supplementing a basal diet of Chloris gayana hay with one of three protein-rich legume hays of Cassia rotundifolia, Lablab purpureus and Macroptilium atropurpureum forage on some nutritional parameters in goats. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 32: 245-256.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

19:  NRC., 1981. Nutrient Requirement of Goats: Angora, Dairy and Meat in Temperate and Tropical Countries. 1st Edn., National Academy Press, Washington, DC., USA

20:  Oldham, J.D. and G. Alderman, 1980. Recent Advances in Understanding Protein-Energy Interrelationships in Intermediary Metabolism in Ruminants. In: Protein and Energy Supply for High Production of Milk and Meat, United Nations (Ed.). Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK., pp: 1-33

21:  Orden, E.A., S.A. Abdulrazak, E.M. Cruz, M.E. Orden, T. Ichinohe and T. Fujihara, 2000. Leucaena leucocephala and Gliricidia sepium supplementation in sheep fed with ammonia treated rice straw: Effects on intake, digestibility, microbial protein yield and live-weight changes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 13: 1659-1666.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  Ranjbar, G.A., 2007. Forage and hay yield performance of different berseem clover (Trifolium alexandinum L.) genotypes in mazandaran conditions. Asian J. Plant Sci., 6: 1006-1011.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

23:  Richard, D.E., W.F. Brown, G. Ruegsegger and D.B. Bates, 1994. Replacement value of tree legumes for concentrates in forage-based diets. I. Replacement value of Gliricidia sepium for growing goats. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 46: 37-51.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

24:  RIMS., 1992. RIMS report, federal department of livestock and pest control services. Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Resource Inventory and management Studies (RIMS), Abuja, Nigeria, pp: 1-440.

25:  SAS., 1987. SAS/STAT User's Guide: Version 6. 3rd Edn., SAS Inc., Cary, NC., USA., Pages: 943

26:  Titterton, M. and B.V. Maasdorp, 1997. Nutritional improvement of maize silage for dairying: Mixed crop silages from sole and intercropped legumes and a long season variety of maize. 2. Ensilage. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 69: 263-270.
CrossRef  |  

27:  Topps, J.H., 1992. Potential, composition and use of legume shrubs and trees as fodders for livestock in the tropics. J. Agric. Sci., 118: 1-8.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

28:  Van Soest, P.J. and J.B. Robertson, 1985. Analysis of Forages and Fibrous Foods. Vol. 613, Cornell University Publications, Ithaca, pp: 105-156

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved