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Research Article

High Protein Intake and Likely Association with Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM)

E.A. Bonsi and E.C. Chibuzo
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Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated an association between Diabetes and macronutrients. An increase in the incidence of Diabetes prompted this investigation into the relationship between the dietary energy and of macro-nutrients intake and diabetes. A cross sectional, nested case-control study was conducted to examine the association of risk for NIDDM with energy and macro-nutrients consumption. One hundred subjects aged 40-82 years, stratified into diabetic cases and controls using fasting and 2 h post prandial Plasma Glucose levels constituted the sample size. The risk for Diabetes was measured using Pearson Correlation (r) and Odds Ratio (OR) with Epi info version 5. A 24-hour dietary recall generated quantitative estimates of their energy and macronutrients consumption. The results showed that percent protein (PP) energy significantly correlated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (r = 0.20, p<0.05). A PP>15.5% gave an OR = 1.19 (CI = 0.27-4.76) and was a risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus. A PP of <15.5% appeared to confer protection for the disease. It was concluded that among the study population, a high PP>15.5% was a risk factor for type 2 diabetes.

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  How to cite this article:

E.A. Bonsi and E.C. Chibuzo, 2014. High Protein Intake and Likely Association with Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 13: 433-438.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2014.433.438


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