Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Eating Disorders among Adolescents with a History of Obesity



Lubna Mahmood
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Eating disorders are conditions characterized by abnormal eating habits and behaviors which may involve excessive or insufficient intake along with the individual’s mental and physical health. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa as well as binge eating are the major type of eating disorders. Parental influence has been shown to be a fundamental component in the development process of eating behaviors of children and adolescents, this effect is shaped by a variety of diverse factors including familial genetic predisposition, dietary choices which is dictated by ethnic preferences or cultural, the parents’ eating habits and their body shape. Social isolation has been noted to have a deleterious effect on individuals’ emotional and physical well-being. Eating disorders have been shown a higher rate of mortality among socially isolated individuals compared to those with well-established social relationships. Social isolation can be stressful, anxiety-provoking and depressing. These disorders must be treated as soon as possible to prevent more deteriorations, the treatment plan usually include the medial part along with dietary and psychiatry care. Diet is the most essential factor to work on in patients diagnosed with eating disorder, Initial meal plans may be low in calories, in order to build comfort in eating and then food amount can gradually be increased, food variety is important as well when establishing meal plans and foods that are higher in energy density, all these dietary management are needed with supplying different supplements to fulfill the requirements and replenish the decreased stores.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Lubna Mahmood , 2014. Eating Disorders among Adolescents with a History of Obesity. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 13: 427-432.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2014.427.432

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2014.427.432

REFERENCES
1:  Isa, K.A.M. and M.G. Masuri, 2011. The association of breakfast consumption habit, snacking behavior and body mass index among university students. Am. J. Food. Nutr., 1: 55-60.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Attia, E., 2010. Anorexia nervosa: Current status and future directions. Ann. Rev. Med., 61: 425-435.
CrossRef  |  

3:  Attia, E. and B.T. Walsh, 2007. Anorexia nervosa. Am. J. Psychiatry, 164: 1805-1810.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Ayranci, U., N. Erenoglu and O. Son, 2010. Eating habits, lifestyle factors and body weight status among Turkish private educational institution students. Nutrition, 26: 772-778.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Barzegari, A., M. Ebrahimi, M. Azizi and K. Ranjbar, 2011. A study of nutrition knowledge, attitudes and food habits of college students. World Applied Sci. J., 15: 1012-1017.
Direct Link  |  

6:  Biederman, J., S.W. Ball, M.C. Monuteaux, C.B. Surman, J.L. Johnson and S. Zeitlin, 2007. Are girls with ADHD at risk for eating disorders? Results from a controlled, five-year prospective study. J. Dev. Behav. Pediatr., 28: 302-307.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Bin Zaal, A.A., A.O. Musaiger and R. D'Souza, 2009. Dietary habits associated with obesity among adolescents in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Nutricion Hospitalaria, 24: 437-444.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

8:  Brands, B., B. Egan, E. Gyorei, J.C. Lopez-Robles and H. Gage et al., 2012. A qualitative interview study on effects of diet on children's mental state and performance. Evaluation of perceptions, attitudes and beliefs of parents in four European countries. Appetite, 58: 739-746.
CrossRef  |  

9:  Carlson, N., W. Buskist, C.D. Heth and R. Schmaltz, 2009. Psychology: The Science of Behavior. 4th Edn., Pearson Education Canada, Toronto, Canada, ISBN-13: 9780205702862, pp: 414-415.

10:  Constantino, M.J., B.A. Arnow, C. Blasey and W.S. Agras, 2005. The association between patient characteristics and the therapeutic alliance in cognitive-behavioral and interpersonal therapy for bulimia nervosa. J. Consulting Clin. Psychol., 73: 203-211.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Cooper, M.J., 2005. Cognitive theory in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: Progress, development and future directions. Clin. Psychol. Rev., 25: 511-531.
CrossRef  |  

12:  Crow, S.J., C.B. Peterson, S.A. Swanson, N.C. Raymond, S. Specker, E.D. Eckert and J.E. Mitchell, 2009. Increased mortality in bulimia nervosa and other eating disorders. Am. J. Psychiatry., 166: 1342-1346.
CrossRef  |  

13:  Dehghan, M., N. Akhtar-Danesh and A.T. Merchant, 2005. Childhood obesity, prevalence and prevention. Nutr. J., Vol. 4. 10.1186/1475-2891-4-24

14:  Hudson, J.I., E. Hiripi, H.G. Pope Jr. and R.C. Kessier, 2007. The prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in the national comorbidity surey replication. Biol. Psychiatry, 61: 348-358.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Hudson, J.I., J.K. Lalonde, J.M. Berry, L.J. Pindyck and C.M. Bulik et al., 2006. Binge-eating disorder as a distinct familial phenotype in obese individuals. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry, 63: 313-319.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  

16:  Huang, C.J., H.T. Hu, Y.C. Fan, Y.M. Liao and P.S. Tsai, 2010. Associations of breakfast skipping with obesity and health-related quality of life: Evidence from a national survey in Taiwan. Int. J. Obes., 34: 720-725.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  

17:  Keast, D.R., T.A. Nicklas and C.E. O'Neil, 2010. Snacking is associated with reduced risk of overweight and reduced abdominal obesity in adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 92: 428-435.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

18:  Ganasegeran, K., S.A.R. Al-Dubai, A.M. Qureshi, A.A.A. Al-Abed, A.M. Rizal and S.M. Aljunid, 2012. Social and psychological factors affecting eating habits among university students in a Malaysian medical school: A cross-sectional study. Nutr. J., Vol. 11, No. 1. 10.1186/1475-2891-11-48

19:  Smith, K.J., S.L. Gall, S.A. McNaughton, L. Blizzard, T. Dwyer and A.J. Venn, 2010. Skipping breakfast: Longitudinal associations with cardiometabolic risk factors in the childhood determinants of adult health study. Am. J. Clin. Nut., 92: 1316-1325.
CrossRef  |  

20:  Levin, K.A. and J. Kirby, 2012. Irregular breakfast consumption in adolescence and the family environment: Underlying causes by family structure. Appetite, 59: 63-70.
CrossRef  |  

21:  Merten, M.J., A.L. Williams and L.H. Shriver, 2009. Breakfast consumption in adolescence and young adulthood: Parental presence, community context and obesity. J. Am. Diet. Assoc., 109: 1384-1391.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  BPS., 2004. Eating disorder. The British Psychological Society (BPS), UK. https://www.bps.org.uk/taxonomy/term/350.

23:  Weijzen, P.L., C. de Graaf and G.B. Dijksterhuis, 2008. Discrepancy between snack choice intentions and behavior. J. Nutr. Educ. Behav., 40: 311-316.
CrossRef  |  

24:  Rieger, E., D.E. Wilfley, R.I. Stein, V. Marino and S.J. Crow, 2005. A comparison of quality of life in obese individuals with and without binge eating disorder. Int. J. Eating Disorders, 37: 234-240.
CrossRef  |  

25:  Salvy, S.J., K. de La Haye, J.C. Bowker and R.C.J. Hermans, 2012. Influence of peers and friends on children's and adolescents' eating and activity behaviors. Physiol. Behav., 106: 369-378.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

26:  Sansone, R.A. and L.A. Sansone, 2007. Eating Disorders and Psychiatric Comorbidity: Prevalence and Treatment Modifications. In: Clinical Manual of Eating Disorders, Yager, J. and P.S. Powers (Eds.). AAPI Press, Washington, DC., USA., pp: 79-107.

27:  Schmidt, U., S. Landau, M.G. Pombo-Carril, N. Bara-Carril and Y. Reid et al., 2006. Does personalized feedback improve the outcome of cognitive-behavioural guided self-care in bulimia nervosa? A preliminary randomized controlled trial. Br. J. Clin. Psychol., 45: 111-121.
CrossRef  |  

28:  Steiger, H. and K.R. Bruce, 2007. Phenotypes, endophenotypes and genotypes in bulimia spectrum eating disorders. Can. J. Psychiatry, 52: 220-227.
PubMed  |  

29:  Swanson, S.A., S.J. Crow, D. Le Grange, J. Swendsen and K.R. Merikangas, 2011. Prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in adolescents: Results from the national comorbidity survey replication adolescent supplement. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry, 68: 714-723.
CrossRef  |  

30:  Tanaka, M., K. Mizuno, S. Fukuda, Y. Shigihara and Y. Watanabe, 2008. Relationships between dietary habits and the prevalence of fatigue in medical students. Nutrition, 24: 985-989.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

31:  Tin, S.P.P., S.Y. Ho, K.H. Mak, K.L. Wan and T.H. Lam, 2011. Lifestyle and socioeconomic correlates of breakfast skipping in Hong Kong primary 4 schoolchildren. Prevent. Med., 52: 250-253.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

32:  Ulger, Z., D. Gurses, A.R. Ozyurek, C. Arikan, E. Levent and S. Aydogdu, 2006. Follow-up of cardiac abnormalities in female adolescents with anorexia nervosa after refeeding. Acta Cardiologica, 61: 43-49.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  

33:  Schusdziarra, V., M. Hausmann, C. Wittke, J. Mittermeier and M. Kellner et al., 2011. Impact of breakfast on daily energy intake-an analysis of absolute versus relative breakfast calories. Nutr. J., Vol. 10. 10.1186/1475-2891-10-5

34:  Westerberg, D.P. and M. Waitz, 2013. Binge-eating disorder. Osteopathic Family Physician, 5: 230-233.
CrossRef  |  

35:  Wickrama, K.T., K.A. Wickrama and C.M. Bryant, 2006. Community influence on adolescent obesity: Race/ethnic differences. J. Youth Adolesc., 35: 641-651.
CrossRef  |  

36:  Wilson, G.T. and R. Shafran, 2005. Eating disorders guidelines from NICE. Lancet, 365: 79-81.
CrossRef  |  

37:  Kollataj, W., K. Sygit, M. Sygit, I.D. Karwat and B. Kollataj, 2011. Eating habits of children and adolescents from rural regions depending on gender, education and economic status of parents. Ann. Agric. Environ. Med., 18: 393-397.
PubMed  |  

38:  Yardimci, H., Y. Ozdogan, A.O. Ozcelik and M.S. Surucuoglu, 2012. Fast-food consumption habits of university students: The sample of Ankara. Pak. J. Nutr., 11: 265-269.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved