Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Evaluation of Feed Supplement as Antioxidant Source to Rumen Ecology

Mardalena , S. Novianti, Yurleni and U. Amri
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

A study on utilization of feed supplement (FS) contains pineapples rind antioxidant (PrAOx) and mineral plus vitamin (MV) as antioxidant source to increase rumen ecology of Etawah crossbreed dairy goats. Experiments in-vitro using a factorial completely randomized design 3x3 with 4 replications. Factor I consists PrAOx1: 5, PrAOx2: 7.5 and PrAOx3: 10 mg/kg. Factor II consists mineral and vitamin of: MV1: 60 ppm mineral Zn+10 ppm vitamin E, MV2: 15 ppm mineral Cu+10 ppm vitamin E, MV3: 0.15 mineral Se+10 ppm vitamin E. The results showed that there were an interaction between PrAOx and MV on total VFA (p<0.05) but not for gas production, pH, NH3, number of bacteria, acetate, propionate and butyrate concentration of Etawah crossbreed dairy goats rumen. The conclusion of this research is the use of an pineapple rind antioxidant by 5 mg/kg plus mineral Zn-vitamin E can be used as a food supplement in Etawah crossbreed dairy goats ration.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Mardalena , S. Novianti, Yurleni and U. Amri, 2014. Evaluation of Feed Supplement as Antioxidant Source to Rumen Ecology. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 13: 381-385.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2014.381.385


1:  Charoensiri, R., R. Kongkachuichai, S. Suknicom and P. Sungpuag, 2009. Beta-carotene, lycopene and alpha-tocopherol contents of selected Thai fruits. Food Chem., 113: 202-207.
CrossRef  |  

2:  Clarke, R.T.J., T. Bauchop and D.R. Body, 1977. Effect of dietary corn oil on the linoleic acid content of adipose tissue lipids in barley-fed lambs. J. Agric. Sci., 89: 507-551.
CrossRef  |  

3:  Dehority, B.A., 2004. Rumen Microbiology. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham.

4:  Diplock, A.T., 1994. Antioxidants and disease prevention. Mol. Aspects Med., 15: 293-376.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Durand, M. and R. Kawashima, 1980. Influence of Minerals on Rumen Microbial Digestion. In: Digestive Physiology and Metabolism in Ruminants, Ruckebusch, Y. and P. Thivend (Ed.). AVI Publishing Co. Inc., Wesport, CT., pp: 375-408.

6:  Gardner, P.T., T.A.C. White, D.B. McPhail and G.G. Duthie, 2000. The relative contributions of vitamin C, carotenoids and phenolics to the antioxidant potential of fruit juices. Food Chem., 68: 471-474.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Kongsuwan, A., P. Suthiluk, T. Theppakorn, V. Srilaong and S. Setha, 2009. Bioactive compounds and antioxidant capacities of phulae and nanglae pineapple. Asian J. Food Agro-Ind., Special Issue,: S44-S50.
Direct Link  |  

8:  Mahdavi, R., Z. Nikniaz, M. Rafraf and A. Jouyban, 2010. Determination and comparison of total polyphenol and vitamin C contents of natural fresh and commercial fruit juices. Pak. J. Nutr., 9: 968-972.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Mardalena, L. Warly, E. Nurdin, W.S.N. Rusmana and Farizal, 2011. Milk quality of dairy goat by giving feed supplement as antioxidant source. J. Indonesian Trop. Anim. Agric., 36: 205-212.
Direct Link  |  

10:  Mardalena, L. Warly, E. Nurdin, R.W.S. Ningrat and S. Novianti, 2013. Feed supplement evaluation of pineapple rind and micro mineral as antioxidant source to rumen fermentation of etawah dairy goats. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Animal Agriculture for Developing Countries, July 27-31, 2013, Lanzhou, China -.

11:  McDonald, P., R.A. Edwards, J.F.D. Greenhalgh and C.A. Morgan, 2002. Animal Nutrition. 6th Edn., Prentice Hall, UK., ISBN: 9780582419063, Pages: 693.

12:  McNamee, B.F., 1996. Factors influencing dietary modification of cow milk fat (Desaturase). Queen's University of Belfast (Northern Ireland), DAI‐C 58/02, pp: 434.

13:  Menke, K.H., L. Raab, A. Salewski, H. Steingass, D. Fritz and W. Schneider, 1979. The estimation of the digestibility and metabolizable energy content of ruminant feedingstuffs from the gas production when they are incubated with rumen liquor in vitro. J. Agric. Sci., 93: 217-222.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Ogimoto, K. and S. Imai, 1981. Atlas of Rumen Microbiology. Japan Scientific Societies Press, Tokyo, ISBN: 9784762202643, pp: 158.

15:  Orskov, E.R. and M. Ryle, 1990. Energy Nutrition in Ruminants. Elsevier Science Publisher, London, UK, ISBN: 9781851664399, Pages: 149.

16:  Prihartini, I., S. Chuzaemi and O. Sofjan, 2007. In vitro rumen fermentation parameter and gas production rice straw fermented with lignochloritic innoculum. J. Protein, 15: 24-32.
Direct Link  |  

17:  SAS., 1985. SAS User's Guide: Statistics, Version 5. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC., USA.

18:  Suharti, S., A. Kurniawati, D.A. Astuti and E. Wina, 2010. Microbial population and fermentation characteristic in response to Sapindus rarak mineral block supplementation. Media Peternakan, 33: 150-154.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Supriyati, D. Yulistiani, E. Wina, H. Hamid and B. Haryanto, 2000. The effects of inorganic and organic Zn, Cu and Mo supplementation to the in vitro digestibility of grass. J. Ilmu Ternak Veteriner, 5: 32-37.

20:  Theodorou, M.K. and A.E. Brooks, 1990. Evaluation of new laboratory procedure for estimating the fermentation kinetics of tropical feeds. Institute for Grassland and Environmental Research. AFRC, Hurley. Maidenhead, Berkshire, SLGSLR, UK., pp: 1‐9.

21:  Underwood, E.J., 1981. The Mineral Nutrition of Livestock. 2nd Edn., Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, UK., ISBN-13: 9780851984667, Pages: 180.

22:  Wina, E., S. Muetzel, E. Hoffmann, H.P.S. Makkar and K. Becker, 2005. Saponins containing methanol extract of Sapindus rarak affect microbial fermentation, microbial activity and microbial community structure in vitro. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 121: 159-174.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved