Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Abstract
Fulltext PDF
References
Research Article
 

Effect of Different Processing Methods on Proximate, Mineral and Anti Nutritional Factors Content of Baobab (Adansonia digitata) Seeds



L.A. Saulawa, A.I. Yaradua and L. Shuaibu
 
ABSTRACT

Effect of different processing methods on chemical profile of Baobab (Adansonia digitata) seed meal was investigated. Raw Baobab seeds were collected for the study. Five different processing methods (Boiling, toasting, soaking, soak and boiling and sprouting) were used. All the processed seeds with the exception of toasted seeds were oven dried before milling for chemical analysis. Result of the study shows that raw baobab seed contains 28.85% CP with a reasonable amount of mineral and energy, it also contain some anti-nutritional factors. Processing significantly reduced crude protein, mineral and anti nutrition factors content but improved energy content. Boiling gave the least percentage reduction of crude protein and highest percentage reduction of anti nutritional factor. Boiling processing is recommended for baobab seed.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

L.A. Saulawa, A.I. Yaradua and L. Shuaibu, 2014. Effect of Different Processing Methods on Proximate, Mineral and Anti Nutritional Factors Content of Baobab (Adansonia digitata) Seeds. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 13: 314-318.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2014.314.318

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2014.314.318

REFERENCES
AOAC., 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 13th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC., USA.

Abdu, L.S., 2003. Evaluation of methionine and lysine supplementation in broiler finisher ration: Performance, organoleptic properties and economic efficiency. M.Sc. Thesis, Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria.

Abdu, L.S., 2012. Chemical and nutritional evaluation of baobab (Adansonia digiatata) seed meal as alternative protein source in broiler diet. Ph.D. Thesis, Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria.

Abdu, L.S., A. Anene, G.S. Ojewola, O.U. Eromaka and E.C. Okpara, 2006. Substitution value of tiger nut (Cyperus esculentus L) for maize in broiler finisher diet. Proceedings of the 11th Annual Conference of the Animal Science Association of Nigeria, September 13-21, 2006, National Root Crops Research Institute, Umudike, Nigeria, pp: 504-507.

Akinmutimi, A.H., 2003. The effect of various processing methods on proximate, gross energy and mineral composition of Mucuna utilis seeds. Proceedings of the 28th Annual Nigerian Society for Animal Production Conference, March 16-20, 2003, IARST, Ibadan, Nigeria, pp: 166-168.

Akinmutimi, A.H., 2004. Evaluation of swordbeans (Canavalia gladiata) as alternative feed resource for broiler chickens. Ph.D. Thesis, Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria.

Amaefule, K.U., C.N. Odukwe and E.C. Ndubuisi, 2003. Pigeon pea seed meal as protein source for broilers. J. Sustain. Agric. Environ., 5: 1-11.

Emenalom, O.O. and A.B.I. Udedibie, 1998. Effect of dietary raw, cooked and toasted Mucuna pruriens seeds (velvet bean) on the performance of finisher broilers. Niger. J. Anim. Prod., 25: 115-119.

Emiola, I.A., A.D. Ologhobo, O.S. Adedeji, T.A. Akanji and T.B. Olayeni, 2002. Effect of residual trypsin inhibitor and heamagglutinin in differently processed kidney beans seed on feed intake and performance characteristics of broilers. Proceedings of the 7th Annual Conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria, September 16-19, 2002, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria, pp: 75-76.

Esonu, B.O., O.O. Emenalom, A.B.L. Udedibie, U. Herbert, C.F. Ekpor, E.C. Okoli and F.C. Iheukwumere, 2001. Performance and blood chemistry of weaner pigs fed raw Mucuna bean (Velvet bean) meal. Trop. Anim. Prod. Invest., 4: 49-54.
Direct Link  |  

Johnson, C.M. and A. Ulrich, 1959. Analytical methods for use in plant analysis. Bulletin No. 766, University of California, Agricultural Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA., USA.

Jurgen, P., J. Klaus, K.J. Petzke, E. Ikechukwu, I.E. Ezeagu, C. Cornelia and C.C. Metges, 1998. Low nutritional quality of unconventional tropical crop seeds in rats. Am. Soc. Nutr. Sci., 128: 2014-2022.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Kakade, M.L., J.J. Rackis, J.E. McGhee and G. Puski, 1974. Determination of trypsin inhibitor activity of soy products: A collaborative analysis of an improved procedure. Cereal Chem., 51: 376-381.
Direct Link  |  

Liener, I.E. and M.L. Kakade, 1980. Protease Inhibitors. In: Toxic Constituents of Plant Food Stuffs, Liener, I.E. (Ed.). 2nd Edn., Academic Press, New York, USA., ISBN-13: 9780124499607, pp: 7-71.

Madubuike, F.N. and B.U. Ekenyem, 2006. Haematology and serum biochemistry characteristics of broiler chicks fed varying dietary levels of Ipomoea asarifolia leaf meal. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 5: 9-12.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Maga, J.A., 1982. Phytate: Its chemistry, occurrence, food interactions, nutritional significance and methods of analysis. J. Agric. Food Chem., 30: 1-9.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Nour, A.A., B.I. Magboul and N.H. Kheiri, 1980. Chemical composition of baobab fruit (Adansonia digitata L). Trop. Sci., 22: 383-388.
Direct Link  |  

Obizoba, I.C. and N.A. Amaechi, 1993. The effect of processing methods on the chemical composition of baobab (Adansonia digitata L) pulp and seed. Ecol. Food Nutr., 29: 199-205.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Ojewola, G.S. and U.E. Ewa, 2005. Response of growing broiler to varying dietary plant protein. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 4: 765-771.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Okoye, W.I., I. Kazaure and G.V. Egesi, 1980. A preliminary investigation of baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) as a potential source of oilseed. Annual Report Nigerian Stored Product Research Institute 1977-1978, Nigeria, pp: 73-75.

Ologhobo, A.D., A. Apata, A. Oyejide and R.O. Akinpelu, 1993. A comparison of protein fractions prepared from lima beans (Phaseolus lunatus) in starter diets for broiler chicks. Anim. Res., 4: 13-30.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Osman, M.A., 2004. Chemical and nutrient analysis of baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit and seed protein solubility. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr., 59: 29-33.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Panzenga, U., 1985. Feeding parent-stock. Zootecncia International, December 1985, pp: 22-24.

Sgarbieri, V.C. and J.R. Whitaker, 1982. Physical, chemical and nutritional properties of common bean (Phaseolus) proteins. Adv. Food Res., 28: 93-166.
PubMed  |  

Udedible, A.B.I. and C.R. Carlini, 1998. Crack and cook: A simple and quick process for elimination of concanavalin A (Con A) from Canavalia seeds. Anim. Feeds Sci. Technol., 74: 179-184.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Ukachukwu, S.N. and F.C. Obioha, 1997. Chemical evaluation of Mucuna cochinchinensis as alternative protein feedstuff. J. Applied Chem. Agric. Res., 4: 34-38.

Ukachukwu, S.N. and N.J. Szabo, 2003. Effect of processing, additives and vitamin B6 supplementation of Mucuna pruriens var cochinchinensis on broilers. Trop. Subtrop. Agroecosyst., 1: 227-237.
Direct Link  |  

Ukachukwu, S.N., 2000. Chemical and nutritional evaluation of Mucana conchinchinesis (Lyons Bean) as an alternative protein ingredient in broiler diets. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Nsukka, Nigeria.

Walker, A.F. and N. Kochhar, 1982. Effect of processing including domestic cooking on nutritional quality of legumes. Proc. Nutr. Soc., 41: 41-51.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2019 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved
Fulltext PDF References Abstract