Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Fulltext PDF
Research Article

Effect of Different Levels of Biofeed (EM4) on the Performance of Broiler Chicks

A. Ali, A.R. Abid, Z.I. Chauhan, G. Ahmad, S. Muhammad and J. Muhammad

A study was conducted to investigate the beneficiary effect of Biofeed microbial culture (EM4) in poultry for improving the production potential and nutrients digestibility in broilers. One hundred and twenty day old broiler chicks were randomly divided into 12 replicates of 10 birds each for the allotment to a control A and 3 treatment groups B, C and D. All four groups A, B, C and D were fed with starter up to four weeks and finisher ration from 5th to 7th weeks of age supplemented with 0, 1, 2, 3% EM4, respectively. The supplementation of biofeed (EM4) in broiler ration (0-7 weeks) revealed non-significant (p<0.05) difference among the treatment groups in terms of growth rate, feed consumption and feed conversion efficiency. A non significant difference was observed in experimental birds fed with ration supplemented with Biofeed (EM4) in terms of bone meat ratio while a significant (p<0.05) difference was found in gut weight with highest weight in group A (3.75 g) followed by in C (2.98 g), D (2.90 g) and B (2.84 g). Difference in dry matter was found non-significant in all groups supplemented with different level of Biofeed (EM4).

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

A. Ali, A.R. Abid, Z.I. Chauhan, G. Ahmad, S. Muhammad and J. Muhammad, 2014. Effect of Different Levels of Biofeed (EM4) on the Performance of Broiler Chicks. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 13: 219-222.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2014.219.222


AOAC, 2010. Official Methods of Analysis of Official Analytical Chemists International. 16th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA.

Abedullah, A. Maqbool and K. Bakhsh, 2007. Issues and economics of poultry production: A case study of Faisalabad, Pakistan. Pak. Vet. J., 27: 25-28.
Direct Link  |  

Altaf-ur-Rahman, S. Khan, D. Khan, M. Hussain and S. Ahmed et al., 2009. Use of probiotics in broiler feed at starter phase. Sarhad J. Agric., 25: 469-473.
Direct Link  |  

Arslan, C., 2004. Effect of dietary probiotic supplementation on growth performance in the Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 28: 887-891.
Direct Link  |  

Ashayerizadeh, A., N. Dabiri, O. Ashayerizadeh, K.H. Mirzadeh, H. Roshanfekr and M. Mamooee, 2009. Effect of dietary antibiotic, probiotic and prebiotic as growth promoters, on growth performance, carcass characteristics and hematological indices of broiler chickens. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 12: 52-57.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Awad, W.A., K. Ghareeb, S. Abdel-Raheem and J. Bohm, 2009. Effects of dietary inclusion of probiotic and synbiotic on growth performance, organ weights and intestinal histomorphology of broiler chickens. Poult. Sci., 88: 49-56.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Ayasan, T., S. Yurtseven, M. Baylan and S. Canogullari, 2005. The effects of dietary yucca schidigera on egg yield parameters and egg shell quality of laying Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Int. J. Poult. Sci., 4: 159-162.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Bedford, M.R. and O. Apajalahti, 2001. Microbial Interactions in the Response to Exogenous Enzyme Utilization. In: Enzymes in Farm Animal Nutrition, Bedford, M.R. and G.G. Partridge (Eds.). CABI Publ., UK, pp: 299-314.

Cang, L., Y.J. Wang, D.M. Zhou and H.Y. Dong, 2004. Heavy metals pollution in poultry and livestock feeds and manures under intensive farming in Jiangsu Province. China J. Environ. Sci., 16: 371-374.
PubMed  |  

Chawla, S., S. Katoch, K.S. Sharma and V.K. Sharma, 2013. Biological response of broiler supplemented with varying dose of direct fed microbial. Vet. World, 6: 521-524.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Fatufe, A.A. and I.O. Matanmi, 2008. The effect of probiotics supplementation on the growth performance of two strains of cockerels. J. Center Eur. Agric., 9: 405-410.
Direct Link  |  

Hamid, A., Z.F. Khan, A. Munid and M.A. Qadeer, 1994. Probiotics in poultry production. Bangl. J. Sci. Ind. Res., 29: 1-12.

Islam, M.W., M.M. Rahman, S.M.L. Kabir, S.M. Kamruzzaman and M.N. Islam, 2004. Effects of probiotics supplementation on growth performance and certain haemato-biochemical parameters in broiler chickens. Bangl. J. Vet. Med., 2: 39-43.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Kabir, S.M.L., M.M. Rahman, M.B. Rahman, M.M. Rahman and S.U. Ahmed, 2004. The dynamics of probiotics on growth performance and immune response in broilers. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 3: 361-364.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Kalavathy, R., N. Abdullah, S. Jalaludin and Y.W. Ho, 2003. Effects of Lactobacillus cultures on growth performance, abdominal fat deposition, serum lipids and weight of organs of broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci., 44: 139-144.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Kral, M., M. Angelovicova and L. Mrazova, 2012. Application of probiotics in poultry production. Sci. Papers Anim. Sci. Biotechnol., 45: 55-57.
Direct Link  |  

Lamprecht, M., S. Bogner, G. Schippinger, K. Steinbauer and F. Fankhauser et al., 2012. Probiotic supplementation affects markers of intestinal barrier, oxidation and inflammation in trained men: A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. J. Int. Soc. Sports Nutr., Vol. 9. 10.1186/1550-2783-9-45

Mateova, S., M. Gaalova, J. Saly and M. Fialkovieova, 2009. Investigation of the effect of probiotics and potentiated probiotics on productivity of laying hens. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 54: 24-30.
Direct Link  |  

Rehman, K., S. Andleeb, A. Mahmood, S. Bukhar, M.M. Naeem and K. Yousaf, 2012. Translocation of zinc and nickel from poultry feed to broilers and their excretion through litters. Global Vet., 8: 660-664.
Direct Link  |  

Samanta, M. and P. Biswas, 1997. Effect of feeding Streptococcus culture on the performance of broilers. J. Inteeracudemicia, 1: 118-120.

Stavric, S. and E.T. Kornegay, 1995. Microbial Probiotics for Pigs and Poultry. In: Biotechnology in Animal Feeds and Animal Feeding, Wallace, R.J. and A. Chesson (Eds.). John Wiley and Sons, London, UK., pp: 205-231.

Venugopalan, V., K.A. Shriner and A. Wong-Beringer, 2010. Regulatory oversight and safety of probiotic use. Emerging Infect. Dis., Vol. 16.

Zamanzad-Ghavidel, S., K.N. Adl, N.M. Sis, S. Aharizad, A. Mirzaei-Aghsaghali, M. Mohammadian and S.A. Siadati, 2011. Effects of Lactobacillus-based probiotic on growth performance, mortality rate and carcass yield in broiler chickens. Ann. Biol. Res., 2: 325-331.
Direct Link  |  

©  2019 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved
Fulltext PDF References Abstract