Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Abstract
Fulltext PDF
References
Research Article
 

Effect of Garlic, Black Seed and Turmeric on the Growth of Broiler Chicken



Saima Ali, Muhammad Mukhtar, Sohail Manzoor, Zahid Hssain, Asghar Ali, Ruby Tabassum, Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Yasin Amer and Nadeem Bhatti
 
ABSTRACT

Group A (control) chicks were placed on commercial feed, group B, C and D were offered feed supplemented with garlic, kalongi and turmeric @0.5 g/ Kg of feed, respectively. Overall weight gain during six weeks was highest (1476.60 g) in chicks of group C followed by those of group D (1340 g), B (1338.97 g) and A (1333.60 g), respectively. Overall feed consumption was apparently highest in chicks of group B (3110 g) followed by group C (3065 g), D (3053 g) and A (2708.33 g), respectively. Overall FCR during six weeks period was apparently best in group C (2.0) followed by group A (2.0), D (2.2) and B (2.3), respectively. Maximum value for antibody titer against ND was recorded in group C (1032), followed by group B (873.33), D (783.33) and group A (558.33), respectively. The maximum antibody titer against IBD was recorded in group C which was 1030 followed by group B (873.33), D (770) and group A (470), respectively. ANOVA on data of both diseases showed significant differences between groups with respect to antibody titre at 6 weeks. Maximum value for serum cholesterol was recorded in group A (134 mg/dL). Followed by group D (115.70 mg/dL), C (105 mg/dL) and group B (94.67 mg/dL), respectively. ANOVA on data showed significant differences between groups with respect to serum cholesterol at 6 weeks. Statistical analysis of data on various treatments revealed non-significant effect on weight gain but significant effect on feed consumption and FCR. Statistical analysis also revealed non-significant effect of treatments on the average value of dressing percentage, liver, heart, gizzard, spleen and pancreas weight but significant effect on intestinal weight, abdominal fat pad weight, antibody titre against ND and IBD and serum cholesterol level. Maximum profit was found in treatment C (Rs.30.57) followed by treatment D, B and A i.e., 23.02, 22.11 and 28.16 rupees, respectively.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Saima Ali, Muhammad Mukhtar, Sohail Manzoor, Zahid Hssain, Asghar Ali, Ruby Tabassum, Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Yasin Amer and Nadeem Bhatti, 2014. Effect of Garlic, Black Seed and Turmeric on the Growth of Broiler Chicken. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 13: 204-210.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2014.204.210

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2014.204.210

REFERENCES
Abdur-Rehman, M.Y. and C. Abu-Bakar, 1997. The use of black cumin seed meal (Nigella sativa L.) in diets of growing turkeys. Paper Presented in 19th MASP Annual Conference Johar Bahru.

Ahsan, U.H., K.A. Meraj and S. Rasool, 1999. Effect of supplementing Allium sativum (Garlic) and Azadirechta Indica (Neem) leaves in broilers feed on their blood cholesterol, triglycerides and antibody titer. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 1: 125-127.

Al-Beitawi, N. and S.S. El-Ghousein, 2008. Effect of feeding different levels of Nigella sativa seeds (Black cumin) on performance, blood constituents and carcass characteristics of broiler chicks. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 7: 715-721.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Al-Beitawi, N.A., S.S. El-Ghousein and A.H. Nofal, 2009. Replacing bacitracin methylene disalicylate by crushed Nigella sativa seeds in broiler rations and its effects on growth, blood constituents and immunity. Livestock Sci., 125: 304-307.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Al-Sultan, S.I., 2003. The effect of Curcuma longa (Tumeric) on overall performance of broiler chickens. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 2: 351-353.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Allain, C.C., L.S. Poon, C.S.G. Chan, W. Richmond and P.C. Fu, 1974. Enzymatic determination of total serum cholesterol. Clin. Chem., 20: 470-475.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Antony, S., R. Kuttan and G. Kuttan, 1999. Immunomodulatory activity of curcumin. Immunol. Invest., 28: 291-303.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Ashfaq, M., S. Rehman, K. Ihsan and A. Bashir, 2003. Effect of feed manipulation on egg production, egg cholesterol and blood constituents of white leghorn layers. Pak. J. Life Soc. Sci., 1: 26-28.

Briminkmeryer, C., 1996. The use of anti-microbials as growth promoters for poultry. Proceedings of 20th World Poultry Congress, Volume 11, September 2-5, 1996, New Delhi, pp: 119-124.

Choi, I.H., W.Y. Park and Y.J. Kim, 2010. Effects of dietary garlic powder and α-tocopherol supplementation on performance, serum cholesterol levels and meat quality of chicken. Poult. Sci., 89: 1724-1731.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Cullison, A.E. and R.S. Lowrey, 1987. Feeds and Feeding. 4th Edn., A Reston Book, New Jersey, USA., Pages: 645.

El-Dakhakhny, M., N.I. Mady and M.A. Halim, 2000. Nigella sativa L. oil protects against induced hepatotoxicity and improves serum lipid profile in rats. Arzneimittelforschung, 50: 832-836.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Hanafy, M.S.M. and M.E. Hatem, 1991. Studies on the antimicrobial activity of Nigella sativa seed (black cumin). J. Ethnopharmacol., 34: 275-278.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Ihsan, K., 2003. Effect of different levels of kalongi (Nigella sativa) seeds on the performance of broilers. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Poultry Husbandry, University of Agriculture Faisalabad.

Islam, S.N., P. Begum, T. Ahsan, S. Huque and M. Ahsan, 2004. Immunosuppressive and cytotoxic properties of Nigella sativa. Phytother. Res., 18: 395-398.
CrossRef  |  

Ismail, Z.S.H., 2011. Effects of dietary blackcumin growth seeds (Nigella sativa l.) orits extract on performance and total coliform bacteria count on broiler chicks. Egypt Poult. Sci., 31: 139-148.

Jull, A.A., 1976. Poultry Husbandry. 3rd Edn., Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi, India.

Khan, S.H., J. Ansari, A.U. Haq and G. Abbas, 2012. Black cumin seeds as phytogenic product in broiler diets and its effects on performance, blood constituents, immunity and caecal microbial population. Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 11: 438-444.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Langhout, P., 2000. New additives for broiler chickens. World Poult., 16: 22-27.
Direct Link  |  

Meraj, C.A., 1998. Effect of garlic and neem leaves supplementation on the performance of broiler chickens. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Poultry Husbandry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.

Nadkarni, A.K., 1976. Indian Materia Medica. 1st Edn., Popular Prakashan, Mumbai, India.

Nasir, Z., 2001. Effect of feeding powdered kalongi (Nigella sativa L.) seeds on egg production and quality. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Animal Nutrition, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.

Nazeer, M.S., T.N. Pasha, S. Abbas and Z. Ali, 2002. Effect of Yucca Saponin on unease. Activity and developmeny of ascities in broiler chickens. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 1: 174-178.

Onibi, G.E., O.E. Adebisi, A.N. Fajemisin and A.V. Adetunji, 2009. Response of broiler chickens in terms of performance and meat quality to garlic (Allium sativum) supplementation. Afr. J. Agric. Res., 4: 511-517.
Direct Link  |  

Osawa, T., Y. Sugiyama, M. Inayoshi and S. Kawakishi, 1995. Antioxidative activity of tetrahydrocurcumin. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 59: 1609-1612.

Osman, A.M.A. and M.A.A. Barody, 1999. Growth performance and immune response of broiler chicks as affected by diet density and Nigella sativa seeds supplementation. Egypt. Poult. Sci. J., 19: 619-634.

Pesti, G.M. and R.I. Bakalli, 1998. Studies on the effect of feeding cupric sulfate pentahydrate to laying hens on egg cholesterol content. Poult. Sci., 77: 1540-1545.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Rahman, K., 2001. Historical perspective on garlic and cardiovascular disease. J. Nutr., 13: 977-979.

Reddy, R.V., S.F. Lightsey and D.V. Maurice, 1991. Effect of feeding garlic oil on performance and egg yolk cholesterol concentration. Poult. Sci., 70: 2006-2009.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Rehman, M.S., A. Haq, S. Mahmood, H.I. Shakoor and M. Ashfaq, 2002. Effect of varying levels of garlic powder (Allium sativum) on egg quality of White Leghorn layers. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 1: 87-88.

Saeed, J., 1990. Effect of infectious bursal disease on newcastle disease vaccination on layer chickens. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Veterinary Microbiology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.

Samanta, A.R. and A. Dey, 1991. Effect of feeding garlic (Allium sativum Linn.) as a growth promoter in Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) and its influence on dressing parameters. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 26: 142-145.

Shafey, T.M., J.G. Dingile and K. Kostner, 1999. Effect of dietary a-tocopherol, 30 mg/kg and maize oil 25 g/kg on the performance and lipoproteins, lipids, cholesterol and alpha-tocopherol concentration of the plasma and eggs of laying hens. J. Applied Anim. Res., 16: 185-194.

Siddig, R.M. and K. Abdelati, 2001. Effect of dietary vitamin A and Nigella sativa on broiler performance. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Association of Institutions for Tropical Veterinay Medicine Livestock, Community and Environment, August 20-23, 2001, Copenhagen, Denmark -.

Singh, K.S. and B. Panda, 1992. Feed Additives. In: Poultry Nutrition, Bose, S. (Ed.). 2nd Edn., Kalyani Publisher, Delhi, India, pp: 134-143.

Soliman, A.Z.M., A.A. Gahzalah, S.H. El-Samra, A.M. Atta and Z.M.A. Abdo, 1999. The synergetic effect of either black seed or garlic with fat on broiler performance and immunity. Egypt. J. Nutr. Feed, 2: 603-620.

Soni, K.B., M. Lahiri, P. Chackradeo, S.V. Bhide and R. Kuttan, 1997. Protective effect of food additives on aflatoxin-induced mutagenicity and hepatocarcinogenicity. Cancer Lett., 115: 129-133.
CrossRef  |  

Spriggs, D., 1998. Natural Health Encyclopedia. Hopkins Technology, USA.

Steel, R.G., J.H. Torrie and D.A. Dickey, 1996. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. 3rd Edn., McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc., New York, USA., ISBN-13: 978-0070610286, Pages: 672.

Stern, R., 2000. Alternative focus: Nigella sativa (blacl seed). IIIV Rec. Rev., 5: 1-13.

Swamy, S.M.K. and B.K.H. Tan, 2000. Cytotoxic and immunopotentiating effects of ethanolic extract of Nigella sativa L. seeds. J. Ethnopharmacol., 70: 1-7.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Thayer, S.G. and C.W. Beard, 1998. Serological Procedure. In: A Laboratory Manual for the Isolation and Identification of Avian Pathogens, Swayne, D.E. (Ed.). 4th Edn., American Association of Avian Pathologists, Kennett Square, PA., pp: 255-266.

Toghyani, M., M. Toghyani, A. Gheisari, G. Ghalamkari and M. Mohammadrezaei, 2010. Growth performance, serum biochemistry and blood hematology of broiler chicks fed different levels of black seed (Nigella sativa) and peppermint (Mentha piperita). Livest. Sci., 129: 173-178.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Wuthi-Udomler, M., W. Grisanapan, O. Luanratana and W. Caichompoo, 2000. Anti-fungal activities of plant extracts. South East Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health, 1: 178-182.

©  2019 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved
Fulltext PDF References Abstract