Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Abstract
Fulltext PDF
References
Research Article
 

Nutrition and Food Consumption Patterns in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia



Ahmed Adam, Salih Osama and Khan Ibrar Muhammad
 
ABSTRACT

The objective of the present study is to describe and examine nutrition and food consumption patterns in KSA, namely to analyze and assess: the trends of per capita supply of major food groups (g/capita/day) from 1961-2007 and dietary energy supply, distribution by macronutrient and diversity of the food supply. Only secondary data were used. Saudi Arabia annual food balance sheet for the period form 1961-2007 which produced by FAO were used to drive the average per capita micronutrients (Dietary Energy Supply, protein and fats). Descriptive statistics were used as analytical tools. The results revealed that the overall supply of the different food groups in KSA is in continuous rise from 881 g/capita/day in the period of 1961/70 to more than double (1735 g/capita/day) in the period of 1981/90. The supply of vegetables showed a sharp drop from over 400 g/capita/day in the year 1990 down to less than 250 g in the year 2000. Fruits supply was slightly better than vegetable during the same period (1990-2007). On the other hand, meat group showed steady, positive increasing supply pattern during the period from 1990 to 2007. During these two decades, meat supply increased from about 26 g/capita/day in 1990 up to 139 g/capita/day in 2007 with a percent increase of 435%. Macronutrients are essentially of vegetal origin, amounted to 92% for energy, 81% for protein to 67% for lipid during the period of 1961/70. In the subsequent years fats from vegetal origin was more or less stabilized at 67-68% while fats from animal origin was at 33%. The share of protein, in the dietary supply has remained stable from 1961/70 to 2001/07. While the share of lipids showed an increase trend from just 15% in 1961/70 up to 1981/90 and stabilized at 25% up to the 2001/07 period. However, the share of carbohydrates in the dietary supply has decreased from 75% in 1961/70 to 64% in 2001/07. In the last five decades the per capita consumption of Sugar and sweetener, meat, animal fat, offal, egg and milk has increased, contrary the consumption of fruits and vegetable have fluctuating trends, such trends will not be continued if Saudi to adopt more healthy lifestyle.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Ahmed Adam, Salih Osama and Khan Ibrar Muhammad, 2014. Nutrition and Food Consumption Patterns in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 13: 181-190.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2014.181.190

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2014.181.190

REFERENCES
Al-Kanhal, M.A., I.S. Al-Mohizea, A.I. Al-Othaimeen and M.A. Khan, 1999. Nutritive value of various rice based dishes in Saudi Arabia. Ecol. Food Nutr., 38: 223-235.
Direct Link  |  

Al-Kanhal, M.A., I.S. Al-Mohizea, A.I. Al-Othaimeen and M.A. Khan, 1999. Nutritive value of various breads in Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr., 50: 345-349.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Al-Mohizea, I.S., E.I. Mousa and M.A. Al-Kanhal, 1995. Bread consumption pattern in Riyadh area. Bull. Fac. Agric. Univ. Cairo, 46: 417-428.

Drewnowski, A. and B.M. Popkin, 1997. The nutrition transition: New trends in the global diet. Nutr. Rev., 55: 31-43.
PubMed  |  

FAO., 2012. FAOSTAT, food balance sheets data. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. http://faostat.fao.org/site/368/DesktopDefault.aspx?PageID=368#ancor.

KACST, 1997. Evaluation of the nutritional status of the people of Saudi Arabia, final report. King Abdul Aziz City for Science and Technology, Riyadh, pp: 138-139.

Khan, M.A. and M.A. Al-Kanhal, 1997. Food availability and quality of diet in Saudi Arabia-A review. Pak. J. Agric. Res.

Khan, M.A. and M.A. Al-Kanhal, 1998. Dietary energy and protein requirements for Saudi Arabia: A methodological approach. Eastern Mediterranean Health J., 4: 68-75.
Direct Link  |  

Kuhnlein, H.V., 1989. Culture and ecology in dietetics and nutrition. J. Am. Diet. Assoc., 89: 1059-1060.
PubMed  |  

MAF, 2001. Production and consumption estimates for the period from 1992/93 to 1999/02. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Planning and Agricultural Economics, Food Security Section, Khartoum.

UNDP. and RBAS, 2009. Hunger, Nutrition and Human Security. In: Arab Human Development Report 2009: Challenges for Human Security in the Arab Region, UNDP. and RBAS. (Eds.). Chapter 6, United Nations Development Programme andRegional Bureau for Arab States, New York, pp: 121-142.

WHO., 2000. Obesity: Preventing and managing the global epidemic. WHO Technical Report Series No. 894, World Health Organization, Geneva.

WHO., 2011. Noncommunicable diseases country profiles 2011. WHO Global Report, 2011. World Health Organization, Geneva.

©  2019 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved
Fulltext PDF References Abstract