Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Assessment of Important Trace Elements in Jordanian Adult Females and Males by Using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer



Rania M. Al-Groom, Abdul-Wahab R. Hamad and Saied M. Al-Daline
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The human body requires certain minerals for the overall health and proper functioning of the organ systems. The essential trace elements were very important for human life, which their imbalance in blood leads to very dangerous diseases (Zn, Cu, Fe, Cr, Se, Co, Mn and Mg). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the concentrations of Zinc, Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Chromium, Selenium, Cobalt and Manganese in serum of healthy adult females and males in Jordan. Serum levels of Zn, Cu, Fe, Mg, Cr, Se, Co, Mn and Mg were determined by flame and flameless atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Blood have been collected from1000 men and 1000 women apparently healthy Jordanian people aged 20-70 years. The mean concentration of zinc was between (0.96-1.02 and 0.8-1.02 μg/mL) in men and women, respectively. The concentration of zinc was slightly increased with ages. The mean values of copper were between (1.38-1.72 μg/mL), there is no significance deficiency in all ages and sexes. The average mean values of Fe were found to be (1.28-1.62 μg/mL) for men and (1.12-1.57 μg/mL) for women, with a deficiency of 5.9% in men and 8.5% in women. The chromium mean in men were between (0.04-0.055 μg/mL) with a deficiency of 43.06%, while in women were between (0.041-0.049 μg/mL), with a deficiency of 40.28%. The concentration of magnesium in blood serum was between 14.2-16.1 μg/mL for men and 14.3-16.3 μg/mL for women. The mean selenium concentrations in all healthy volunteers were in the range of 85-100 ng/mL for men and 82-99 ng/ml for women. The lowest levels of Se were shown in old people. The adult serum Co values were 0-34 ng/mL for men and 0-35 ng/mL for women. The cobalt deficiency was about 17% in men and women. The level of serum Manganese was 14-19 ng/mL for men and 11-15 ng/mL for women, it was noted that the level of Mn in men was higher than in women for all ages. The Mg concentrations of serum were 14.10±3.3 and 14.89±3.3 μg/mL for men and women. On the basis of this study finding and those of other reports, trace elements deficiency may contribute to diets and diseases through its significant effects on various organs parameters. It seems that the estimation of serum or plasma trace elements may help in investigation and treatment of some diseases in both males and females.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Rania M. Al-Groom, Abdul-Wahab R. Hamad and Saied M. Al-Daline, 2013. Assessment of Important Trace Elements in Jordanian Adult Females and Males by Using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 12: 761-767.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2013.761.767

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2013.761.767

REFERENCES
Adewumi, M.T., C.H. Njoku, Y. Saidu, M.K. Abubakar, R.A. Shehu and L.S. Bilbis, 2007. Serum chromium, copper and manganese levels of diabetic subjects in katsina, Nigeria. Asian J. Biochem., 2: 284-288.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Agget, R.J. and N.T. Devis, 1983. Some nutritional aspect of trace metals. J. Inherent Metabolic Dis., 6: 22-30.

Al-Numair, K., 2006. Copper and zinc status in healthy volunteers living in Saudi Arabia. J. Med. Sci., 6: 519-527.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Bahijri, S.M., 2001. Serum zinc in infants and preschool children in Jeddah area and effect of diet and diarrhea in relation to growth. Ann. Saudi Med., 221: 324-329.
PubMed  |  

Buxadear, S.C. and R. Farre-Rovira, 2001. Whole blood and serum copper levels in relation to sex and age. Rev. Esp. Fisiol., 42: 213-217.
PubMed  |  

Buxaderas, S.C. and R. Farre-Rovira, 1985. Whole blood and serum zinc levels in relation to sex and age. Revista Espanola Fisiologia, 41: 463-470.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Casey, A. and G. Walsh, 2004. Identification and characterization of a phytase of potential commercial interest. J. Biotechnol., 110: 313-322.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Chawla, L.S., P.N. Verma and V.K. Puri, 1982. Study of trace elements Zn, Fe, Cu, Mg in normal healthy population. J. Assoc. Phys. India, 3: 41-47.

Claus, H.B., A.S. Ettinger, J. Schwartz, M.M. Tellez-Rojo and H. Lamadrid-Figueroa et al., 2010. Early postnatal blood manganese levels and children's neurodevelopment. Epidemiology, 21: 433-439.
PubMed  |  

Clegg, M.S., C.L. Keen and L.S. Hurley, 1982. Role of trace elements in human health. Biol. Trace Elem. Res., 4: 145-152.

Gao, S., Y. Jin, F.W. Unverzagt, F.M. Kathleen and S. Hall et al., 2008. Trace element levels and cognitive function in rural elderly Chinese. J. Gerontol A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci., 63: 635-641.
PubMed  |  

Golden, M.H., 1988. Trace elements in human nutrition. Hum. Nutr. Clin. Nutr., 36: 185-202.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Hori, H., O. Ohmari, T. Shinkai, H. Kojima, C. Okano, T. Suzuki and J. Nakamur, 2000. Manganese superoxide dismutase gene polymorphism and schizophrenia: Relation to tardive dyskinesia. Neuropsychopharm, 23: 170-177.
PubMed  |  

Inocent, G., D.N. Marceline, P.M.J. Bertrand and F.K. Honore, 2008. Iron status of malaria patients in douala-Cameroon. Pak. J. Nutr., 7: 620-624.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Jacqmin, H., D. Commenges, L. Letenneur, P. Barberger-Gateau and J.F. Dartigues, 1994. Components of drinking water and risk of cognitive impairment in the elderly. Am. J. Epidemiol., 139: 48-57.
PubMed  |  

Jacqmin-Gadda, H., D. Commenges, L. Letenneur and J.F. Dartigues, 1996. Silica and aluminum in drinking water and cognitive impairment in the elderly. Epidemiology, 7: 281-285.
PubMed  |  

Jochum, F., K. Terwolbeck, H. Meinhold, D. Behne, H. Menzel and I. Lombeck, 1999. Is there any health risk of low dietary selenium supply in PKU-children. Nutr. Res., 19: 349-360.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Karyadi, E., W. Schultink, R.H.H. Nelwan, R. Gross and Z. Amin et al., 2000. Poor micronutrient status of active pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Indonesia. J. Nutr., 130: 2953-2958.
PubMed  |  

Ko, W.S., C.H. Guo, G.S. Hsu, Y.L. Chiou, M.S. Yeh and S.R. Yaun, 2005. The effect of zinc supplementation on the treatment of chronic hepatitis C patients with interferon and ribavirin. Clin. Biochem., 38: 614-620.
CrossRef  |  

Ma, E., Z. Jiang, H. Shu, K.I. Chung and H. Yuan, 1994. Does IVF treatment increase the risk of ovarian and breast cancer. Hsuch Pao, 16: 54-57.

Masood, N., G.H. Baloch, R.A. Ghori, I.A. Memon, M.A. Memon and S.A. Memon, 2009. Serum zinc and magnesium in type-2 diabetic patients. J. Coll. Physicians Surgeons Pak., 19: 483-486.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Maybauer, M.O., D.M. Maybauer, D.N. Herndon and D.L. Traber, 2006. The role of superoxide dismutase in systemic inflammation. Shock, 5: 206-207.
CrossRef  |  

Morris, M.C., D.A. Evans, C.C. Tangney, J.L. Bienias, J.A. Schneider, R.S. Wilson and P.A. Scherr, 2006. Dietary copper and high saturated and trans fat intakes associated with cognitive decline. Arch. Neurol., 63: 1085-1088.
PubMed  |  

Murry, R.K., D.K. Granner and P.A. Mayes, 2000. Metabolism of Carbohydrate. In: Harper's Biochemistry, Murray, R.K. (Ed.). Appleton & Lange, USA., ISBN: 9780838536841.

Naser, H., K. Mansi, M. Barqawi and T. Aburjai, 2009. Copper and zinc status in Jordanian patients with I2-Thalassemia major treated with deferoxamine. Res. Biol. Sci., 4: 566-572.
Direct Link  |  

Nasli-Esfahani, E., F. Faridbod, B. Larijani, M.R. Ganjali and P. Norouzi, 2011. Trace element analysis of hair, nail, serum and urine of diabetes mellitus patients by ICP atomic emission spectroscopy. Iranian J. Diab. Lip. Diso, Vol. 10.

Nelson, R.L., H.H. Abcarian, T.M. Nelson, A.A. Misumi, H.H. Kako, S.S. Rizk and H.H. Sky-Peck, 1996. The effect of dietary selenium deficiency on acute colorectal mucosal nucleotoxicity induced by several carcinogens in the rodent. Am. J. Surge, 172: 85-88.
PubMed  |  

Nicollof, G., K. Mutaftchiev, V. Strashimiro and C. Petrova, 2004. Serum manganese in children with diabetes mellitus type 1. Diabetol. Crotica, 3: 47-51.
Direct Link  |  

Ortega, R.M., A.M. Requejo, P. Andres, A.M. Lopez-Sobaler and M.E. Quintas, 1997. Dietary intake and cognitive function in a group of elderly people. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 66: 803-809.
PubMed  |  

Prasad, A.S., 2008. Clinical, immunological, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant roles of zinc. Exp. Gerontol., 43: 370-377.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Prasad, A.S., 2009. Impact of the discovery of human zinc deficiency on health. J. Am. Coll. Nutr., 28: 257-265.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Prasad, A.S., F.W.J. Beck, B. Bao, D. Snell and J.T. Fitzgerald, 2008. Duration and severity of symptoms and levels of plasma interleukin-1 receptor antagonist, soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor and adhesion molecules in patients with common cold treated with zinc acetate. J. Inf. Dis., 197: 795-802.
PubMed  |  

Satoh, Y. and A. Yazawa, 1978. Content of heavy metals in the blood of inhabitant in Yokohama city in Japan. Yokohama Eiken Nenpo, 17: 63-66.

Serdar, M.A., F. Bakir, A. Hasimi, T. Celik and O. Akin et al., 2009. Trace and toxic element patterns with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, impaired glucose tolerance and fasting glucose. Int. J. Diab Dev. Ctries, 29: 35-40.
PubMed  |  

Sheskin, J., R. Gorodetsky, A. Weinreb and E. Loewinger, 1981. Iron content of skin before and after thalidomide treatment of lepra reaction. Dermatology, 163: 145-150.
PubMed  |  

Squitti, R., D. Lupoi and P. Pasqualetti, G. Dal Forno and F. Vernieri et al., 2002. Elevation of serum copper levels in lzheimer's disease. Neurology, 59: 1153-1161.
PubMed  |  

Tudor, R., P.D. Zalewski and R.N. Ratnaike, 2005. Zinc in health and chronic disease. J. Nutr. Health Aging, 9: 45-51.
PubMed  |  

Vohra, A. and T. Satyanarayana, 2003. Phytases: Microbial sources, production, purification and potential biotechnological applications. Crit. Rev. Biotechnol., 23: 29-60.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Zar, J.H., 1974. Biostatistical Analysis. Prentice Hall, New Jersey, USA., pp: 121.

Zargar, A.H., M.I. Bashir, S.R. Masoodi, B.A. Laway, A.I. Wani, A.R. Khan and F.A. Dar, 2002. Copper, zinc and magnesium levels in type-1 diabetes mellitus. Saudi Med. J., 23: 539-542.
PubMed  |  

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved