Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Growth Performance of Clarias gariepinus Fed Different Levels of Agama agama Meal Diets



L.O. Tiamiyu, G.A. Ataguba and J.O. Jimoh
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

This study was investigated the utilization of agama lizard meat meal (Agama agama) as dietary protein source in the diets of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings (MW±SE = 33.48 g±0.13). The fingerlings were fed four Isonitrogenous and Isocaloric diets containing blends of agama lizard meal in percentages of 0 (Diet I), 10 (Diet II), 20 (Diet III) and 30% (Diet IV) respectively for 8 weeks at 5% body weight. Mean weight gain (MWG) ranged from 22.85g (Diet I) to 42.80g (Diet III) and Specific Growth Rate (SGR) ranged from 0.93% per day (Diet 1) to 1.46% per day (Diet III). Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) was between 2.61 (Diet III) and 2.96 (Diet IV). There was however no significant differences (p>0.05) in these parameters for all the test diets. Proximate composition of carcass shows significant differences (p<0.05) in moisture and ash contents with no significant differences observed for all the other proximate composition parameters. From the foregoing, agama lizard meal can be included at any level but it is recommended that 20% inclusion level be used.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

L.O. Tiamiyu, G.A. Ataguba and J.O. Jimoh, 2013. Growth Performance of Clarias gariepinus Fed Different Levels of Agama agama Meal Diets. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 12: 510-515.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2013.510.515

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2013.510.515

REFERENCES
1:  Abd Rahman Jabir, M.D., S.A. Razak, S. Vikineswary and M.Y. Hanan, 2011. Nutritive potential and utilization of Super Worm (Zophobas morio) meal in the diet of nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) Juvenile. World J. Fish Marine Sci., 3: 194-200.

2:  Abulude, F.O., W.O. Adesanya, M.O. Ogunkoya, V.O. Onibon and E. Ajayi, 2007. Compositional studies on tropical species of Agama agama Lizards. Int. J. Zool. Res., 3: 218-222.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

3:  Aduku, A.O., 1993. Tropical feedstuff analysis table. Department of Animal science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

4:  Alatise, S.P., O. Ogundele and B.D. Olaosebikan, 2005. Growth response of Heterobranchus longifilis fingerlings fed with varying levels of dietary freshwater mussel (Aspatharia sinuate). Proceedings of the 19th Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria, November 29-December 3, 2004, Ilorin, Nigeria, pp: 637-643.

5:  AOAC, 2000. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 17th Edn., Official Method of Analysis, Gaithersburg, USA..

6:  El-Sayed, A.F.M., 1998. Total replacement of fish meal with animal protein sources in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.) feeds. Aquacult. Res., 29: 275-280.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Eyo, A.A., 2003. Fundamentals of fish nutrition and diet development: An overview. Proceedings of the National Workshop on Fish Feed Development and Feeding Practices in Aquaculture, FISON/NIFFR/FAO-NSPFS, pp: 1-33.

8:  Gatlin, D.M., 2010. Principles of fish nutrition. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, SRAC Publication No. 5003, July 2010, pp: 8.

9:  Goda, A.M., E.R. El-Haroun and M.A.K. Chowdhury, 2007. Effect of totally or partially replacing fish meal by alternative protein sources on growth of African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) reared in concrete tanks. Aquacult. Res., 38: 279-287.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

10:  Hoffman, L.C., J.F. Prinsloo and G. Rukan, 1997. Partial replacement of fish meal with either soybean meal, brewers yeast or tomato meal in the diets of African sharptooth catfish Clarias gariepinus. Water S.A., 23: 181-186.
Direct Link  |  

11:  Koprucu, K. and Y. Ozdemir, 2005. Apparent digestibility of selected feed ingredients for Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Aquaculture, 250: 308-316.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Webster, C.D. and C. Lim, 2006. Tilapia: Biology, Culture and Nutrition. Food Products Press, New York, Pages: 268.

13:  Lovell, R.T., 1984. Effects of size on feeding responses of channel catfish in ponds. Aquac. Magazine, 11: 35-36.

14:  Nnaji, C.J. and F.C. Okoye, 2005. Substituting fish meal with grasshopper meal in the diet of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings. Proceedings of the 19th Annual Conference of Fisheries Society of Nigeria, November 29th-December 3rd, 2005, FISON, Ilorin, Nigeria -.

15:  Okoye, F.C. and J.C. Nnaji, 2005. Effects of substituting fish meal with grasshopper meal on growth and food utilization of the Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings. Proceedings of the 19th Annual Conference of Fisheries Society of Nigeria, November 29th-December 3rd, 2005, FISON, Ilorin, Nigeria -.

16:  Ovie, S.O. and A.B. Adejayan, 2010. Effects of supplementing fish meal with garden snail (Limicolaria spp.) in Clarias gariepinus diets. Rep. Opin., 2: 58-62.
Direct Link  |  

17:  Pillay, T.V.R., 1994. Aquaculture Development: Progress and Prospects. Halsted Press, London, UK., pp: 182.

18:  Ranjihan, S.K., 1980. Animal Nutrition in Topics. 2nd Edn., Vikas Publishing House, New York.

19:  Lee, S.M. and T.J. Lim, 2005. Effects of dietary protein and energy levels on growth and lipid composition of juvenile snail (Semisulcospira gottschei). J. Shell Fish, 24: 99-102.

20:  Sogbesan, O.A., A.A.A. Ugwumba and C.T. Madu, 2006. Nutritive potentials and utilization of garden snail (Limicolaria aurora) meat meal in the diet of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 5: 1999-2003.

21:  Solomon, S.G., L.O. Tiamiyu and S.O.E. Sadiku, 2007. Wing reproductive termite (Macrotremes nigeriensis)-soybean (Glyxine max) meals blend as dietary protein source in the practical diets of Heterobranchus bidorsalis fingerlings. Pak. J. Nutr., 6: 267-270.
CrossRef  |  

22:  Tacon, A.G.J., 1993. Feed ingredients for warmwater fish: Fish meal and other processed feedstuffs. FAO Fisheries Circular No. 856, Rome, pp: 64.

23:  Tibbetts, S.M., J.E. Milley and S.P. Lall, 2006. Apparent protein and energy digestibility of common and alternative feed ingredients by Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua (Linnaeus, 1758). Aquaculture, 261: 1314-1327.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved