Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

The Effect of Supplementation of Phytase on Broiler Rations to the Retention of Phosphor, Calcium and Nitrogen

Gita Ciptaan, Yetti Marlida, Periadnadi and Yose Rizal
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

The research was conducted to determine the optimum dose of phytase supplementation of Fusarium verticillioides on Phosphor-deficient rations. This study used 24 broiler chickens (4 weeks). This research used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with five ration treatments with 4 replications. Ration treatment was supplemented phytase with different doses: R1: 0 U/kg, R2: 250 U/ kg, R3: 500 U/kg, R4: 750 U/kg and R5: 1000 U/kg. Ration was based on iso protein (20%) and iso energy (2882 kcal/kg). The variables measured were retention of phosphor, calcium and nitrogen. The results showed that supplementation of phytase on broiler rations which Phosphor-deficiency was influenced the retention of Phosphor, calcium and nitrogen significantly (P<0.01). The optimum phytase supplementation of Fusarium verticillioides on broiler rations which phosphor-deficient was 750 U/kg ratio, it is seen from retention of phosphor (71.38%), calcium (75.65%) and nitrogen (67.61%).

Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Gita Ciptaan, Yetti Marlida, Periadnadi and Yose Rizal, 2013. The Effect of Supplementation of Phytase on Broiler Rations to the Retention of Phosphor, Calcium and Nitrogen. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 12: 45-49.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2013.45.49



1:  Akyurek, H., N. Senkoylu and M.L. Ozduven, 2005. Effect of microbial phytase on growth performance and nutrients digestibility in broilers. Pak. J. Nutr., 4: 22-26.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Anggorodi, R., 1985. Kemajuan Mutakhir Dalam Ilmu Makanan Ternak Unggas. UI Press, Jakarta

3:  Cullison, A.E., 1978. Feeds and Feeding: Animal Nutrition. Practice Hall, New Delhi, Pages: 486

4:  Farrell, D.J. and E.A. Martin, 1998. Strategies to improve the nutritive value of rice bran in poultry diets. I. The addition of food enzymes to target the non-starch polysaccharide fractions in diets of chickens and ducks gave no response. Br. Poult. Sci., 39: 549-554.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Lan, G.Q., N. Abdullah, S. Jalaludin and Y.W. Ho, 2002. Culture conditions influencing phytase production of Mitsuokella jalaludinii, a new bacterial species from the rumen of cattle. J. Applied Microbiol., 93: 668-674.
CrossRef  |  

6:  Lim, H.S., H. Namkung, J.S. Um, K.R. Kang, B.S. Kim and I.K. Paik, 2001. The effects of phytase supplementation on the performance of broiler chickens fed diets with different levels of non-phytate phosphorus. Asian-Austr. J. Anim. Sci., 14: 250-257.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Lloyd, L.E., B.E. McDonald and E.W. Crampton, 1978. Fundamentals of Nutrition. 2nd Edn., Freeman, W.H., San Francisco, California, USA

8:  Mallin, M.A., 2000. Impacts of industrial animal production on rivers and estuaries. Am. Sci., 88: 26-37.
CrossRef  |  

9:  Mondal, M.K., S. Panda and P. Biswas, 2007. Effect of microbial phytase in soybean meal based broiler diets containing low phosphorous. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 6: 201-206.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

10:  Pallauf, J. and G. Rimbach, 1996. Nutritional significance of phytic acid and phytase. Arch. Anim. Nutr., 50: 301-319.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Pourreza, J. and H.L. Classen, 2001. Effect of suplementation phytase n xylanase on phytate phosphor degradation. Illeal protein and energy digestibility of corn-soybean-wheat bran diet in broiler chiks. J. Agric. Sci. Tecnol., 3: 19-25.

12:  Rezaei, M., S. Borbor, M. Zaghari and A. Teimouri, 2007. Effect of phytase supplementation on nutrients availability and performance of broiler chicks. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 6: 55-58.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Scott, M.L., M.C. Nesheim and R.J. Young, 1982. Nutrition of Chicken. 3rd Edn., M.L. Scott and Associates Publishers, Ithaca, New York

14:  Selle, P.H. and V. Ravindran, 2007. Microbial phytase in poultry nutrition. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 135: 1-41.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Shelton, J.L., L.L. Southern, L.A. Gaston and A. Foster, 2004. Evaluation of nutrient matrix values for phytase in broilers. J. Applied Poult. Res., 13: 213-221.
Direct Link  |  

16:  Shieh, T.R. and J.H. Ware, 1968. Survey of microorganisms for the production of extracellular phytase. Applied Environ. Microbiol., 16: 1348-1351.
Direct Link  |  

17:  Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1991. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika: Diterjemahkan Oleh Bambang Sumantri. PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta

18:  Vats, P. and U.C. Banerjee, 2006. Catalytic characterization of phytase (myo-inositolhexakisphosphate phosphohydrolase) from Aspergillus niger van Teighem: Glycosylation pattern, kinetics and molecular properties. Enzyme Microbial. Technol., 39: 596-600.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Yetti, M., R. Deltita, P. Adnadi, N. Gusmanizar and G. Ciptaan, 2010. Identification and characterization of a phytase from endophytic fungus a potential commercial for feed applications. Pak. J. Nutr., 9: 471-474.

20:  Zyla, K., J. Koreleski, S. Swiatkiewicz, A. Wikiera, M. Kujawski, J. Piironen and D.R. Ledoux, 2000. Effects of phosphorolytic and cell wall-degrading enzymes on the performance of growing broilers fed wheat-based diets containing different calcium levels. Poult. Sci., 79: 66-76.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved