Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Nutritional Evaluation of Alkali Treated Neem Kernel Cake Fed to Fattening Uda Rams

A. Aruwayo, S.A. Maigandi, B.S. Malami, A.I. Daneji, L.A. Saulawa and M.G. Garba
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

The study was conducted to evaluate the growth performance and nutrient digestibility of fattening Uda rams fed Alkali treated neem kernel cake. The experiment was conducted at the Teaching and Research Farm of Usmanu Danfodiyo University. Sixteen Uda rams were randomly allotted to treatment diets A, B, C and D with 0, 8.33, 16.67 and 24.99% levels of inclusion of ATNKC, respectively. The study lasted for 105 days consisting of 84 days feeding trial and 21 days of digestibility trial which comprised of 14 days for adaption and seven days for collection of feaces. The dry matter digestibility for all the nutrients in the control and test diets was comparable. The performance of the sheep in treatment B recorded the best ADG of 166.67g/day and highest dry matter intake in treatment A. It was recommended in the study that alkali treated neem kernel cake can be safely included in feed of sheep up to 24.99% for the rams.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

A. Aruwayo, S.A. Maigandi, B.S. Malami, A.I. Daneji, L.A. Saulawa and M.G. Garba, 2013. Nutritional Evaluation of Alkali Treated Neem Kernel Cake Fed to Fattening Uda Rams. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 12: 224-228.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2013.224.228


1:  Abii, J.U., P.A. Iji, N.N. Umunna and N.I. Dim, 1993. The replacement value of wheat bran for cottonseed cake and maize in diets for sheep. Bull. Anim. Prod. Africa, 41: 65-69.

2:  Adegbola, T.A., 2004. Utilizing proven alternative feed ingredients in livestock industry. Proceedings of the 29th Conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production, March 21-25, 2004, Sokoto, Nigeria, pp: 370-373.

3:  Adu, I.F. and W.L. Brickman, 1981. Feedlot Performance and Carcass Characteristics of sheep fed varying concentrate levels. J. Anim. Prod. Res., 1: 1-12.
Direct Link  |  

4:  Anandan, S., V.R.B. Sastry, R.C. Katiyar and D.K. Agrawal, 1999. Processed neem kernel meal as a substitute for peanut meal protein in growing goat diets. Small Rum. Res., 32: 125-128.
CrossRef  |  

5:  AOAC, 2000. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemistry. 15th Edn., Vol. 1, Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

6:  Chriyaa, A., K.J. Moore and S.S. Waller, 1997. Intake, digestion and nitrogen balance of sheep fed shrub foliage and medic pods as a supplement to wheat straw. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 65: 183-196.
CrossRef  |  

7:  Church, D.C., 1978. Livestock Feeds and Feeding. Oxford University Press, Portland, Oregon, USA., Pages: 220.

8:  Elangovan, A.V., S.V.S. Verma, V.R.B. Sastry and S. Singh, 2000. Effect of feeding neem (Azadirachta indica) kernel meal on growth, nutrient utilization and physiology of Japanese quails (Coturnix cotrnix Japonica). Asian-Aust. J. Anim Sci., 13: 1272-1277.
Direct Link  |  

9:  Gowda, S.K. and V.R.B. Sastry, 2000. Neem (Azadirachta indica) seed cake in animal feeding-scope and limitations-review. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 13: 720-728.
Direct Link  |  

10:  Maigandi, S.A., 2001. Quantification and utilization of fore-stomach digesta in the diets of growing and fattening sheep. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Animal science, Faculty of Agriculture, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.

11:  Musalia, L.M., S. Anandan, V.R.B. Sastry, R.C. Katiyar and D.K. Agrawal, 2002. Effect of replacement of groundnut cake with urea-treated neem (Azadirachta indica A. juss) seed kernel cake on nutrient utilisation in lambs. Asia-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 15: 1273-1277.
Direct Link  |  

12:  Oyenuga, V.A., 1968. Nigeria's Food and Feeding Stuffs: Their Chemistry and Nutritive Value. Ibadan University Press, Ibadan, Nigeria.

13:  Reddy, V.R. and P.V. Rao, 1988. Utilization of differently processed undecorticated neem cake in broiler chicks. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 54: 840-842.

14:  Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. McGraw-Hill, USA., Pages: 633.

15:  Duncan, D.B., 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11: 1-42.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved