Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Evaluation of the Crude Protein and Amino Acid Composition of Nigerian Monodora myristica (Ehuru)



Ekeanyanwu, R.C.
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Protein plays an important role in biochemical, biophysical and physiological processes. The deficiency of proteins leads to weakness, anaemia, protein energy malnutrition (Kwashiorkor and marasmus), delayed wound healing and fracture healing and also decreased resistance to infection. Proteins in the body come from both plant and animal source. Life without protein is not possible and amino acids are the building blocks of protein. The crude protein and amino acid composition of Monodora myristica seed was determined using standard analytical techniques with a view to further appraise the nutritive value. The results showed that crude protein content in percentage as 11.34%. The Total Amino Acid (TAA) of Monodora myristica seed was 65.60g/100g of crude protein. The Total Essential Amino Acid (TEAA, with Histidine) was calculated to be 47.64% of the crude protein while the Total non Essential Amino Acid (TNEAA) was calculated to be 52.36% of the crude protein. The predicted protein efficiency ratio (P-PER) was calculated to be 2.32. The content of total Essential Amino Acid (EAA) with value 26.85g/100g crude protein is lower than FAO/WHO recommended value of 36.0g/100g crude protein. Monodora myristica could be used as good sources of protein supplement in the human diet. Monodora myristica has been used as spice and condiment in food and also possess medicinal property.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Ekeanyanwu, R.C. , 2013. Evaluation of the Crude Protein and Amino Acid Composition of Nigerian Monodora myristica (Ehuru). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 12: 219-223.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2013.219.223

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2013.219.223

REFERENCES
1:  Alsmeyer, R.H., A.E. Cunningham and M.L. Happich, 1974. Equations predict PER from amino acid analysis. Food Technol., 28: 34-38.
Direct Link  |  

2:  AOAC., 1990. Official Methods of Analysis of Association of Analytical Chemistry. 15th Edn., AOAC., Arlington, Virginia, pp: 1298.

3:  AOAC, 2006. Official Methods of Analysis of Association of Analytical Chemist. AOAC, Washington, DC., USA.

4:  Aremu, M.O., C.C. Nweze and P. Alade, 2011. Evaluation of protein and amino acid composition of selected spices grown in the middle belt region of Nigeria. Pak. J. Nutr., 10: 991-995.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Aremu, M.O., O. Olafe, S.K. Basu, G. Abdulaeez and S.N. Acharya, 2010. Compositional study of differently processed cranberry bean (Phaseolus coccineus L.) seed flour. Can. J. Plant Sci., 90: 719-728.
Direct Link  |  

6:  Olaleke, A.M., O. Olorunfemi and T.E. Akintayo, 2006. Compositional evaluation of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) and scarlet runner bean (Phaseolus coccineus) varieties grown in Nigeria. J. Food Agric. Environ., 4: 39-43.
Direct Link  |  

7:  Augusti, K.T., 1996. Therapeutic values of onion (Allium cepa L.) and garlic (Allium sativum L.). Indian J. Exp. Biol., 34: 634-640.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

8:  Benitez, L.V., 1989. Amino Acid and Fatty Acid Profiles in Aquaculture Nutrition Studies. In: Fish Nutrition Research in Asia: Proceedings of the Third Asian Fish Nutrition Network Meeting, De Silva, S.S. (Ed.). Asian Fish Society, Manila, Philippines, ISBN-13: 9789711022662, pp: 23-35.

9:  Eshbaugh, W.H., 1975. Genetic and biochemical systematic studies of chili peppers (Capsicum-Solanaceae). Bull. Torrey Bot. Chub, 102: 396-403.
Direct Link  |  

10:  FAO/WHO, 1991. Protein quality evaluation (Report of Joint FAO/WHO expert consultation). FAO., Food and Nutrition, Paper 51. FAO/WHO, Rome, Italy.

11:  WHO, 1985. Energy and protein requirements. Report of a joint FAO/WHO/UNU expert consultation. World Health Organization Technical Report Series 724, World Health Organization, Geneva, pp: 1-206.

12:  Grontved, A. and M.H. Pittler, 2000. Ginger root against sickness: A controlled trial on the open sea. Br. J. Anaesthesia, 84: 367-371.

13:  Okafor, J.C., 1977. Development of forest tree crops for food supplies in Nigeria. For. Ecol. Manage., 1: 235-247.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Okigbo, B.N., 1977. Neglected plants of horticultural and nutritional importance in traditional farming systems of tropical africa. Acta Hortic., 53: 131-150.
Direct Link  |  

15:  Olaofe, O., B.Y. Okiribiti and M.O. Aremu, 2008. Chemical evaluation of the nutritive value of smooth luffa (Luffa cylindrica) seed's kernel. Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 7: 3444-3452.

16:  Oshodi, A.A., K.O. Esuoso and E.T. Akintayo, 1998. Proximate and amino acid composition of some under utilized Nigerian legum flour and protein concentrates. La Rivista Italiana Delle Sostanze Grasse, 75: 409-412.

17:  Srinivasan, K., K. Sambaiah and N. Chandrasekhara, 2004. Spices as beneficial hypolipidemic food adjuncts: A review. Food Rev. Int., 20: 187-220.
CrossRef  |  

18:  Udeala, O.K., J.O. Onyechi and S.I. Agu, 1980. Preliminary evaluation of dika fat, a new tablet lubricant. J. Pharm. Pharmacol., 32: 6-9.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved