Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Effect of Different Phosphorous Levels on Growth,Yield and Quality of Spring Planted Sunflower



Ghazanfar Ullah Sadozai, Muhammad Farhad, Muhammad Ayyaz Khan, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Niamatullah, Muhammad Safdar Baloch, Abdul Aziz Khakwani and Kashif Wasim
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The experiment was conducted to study the effect of various phosphorous levels on the yield and yield components of sunflower variety “Hysun-33” at the Agronomic Research Area, Faculty of Agriculture, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan during the year 2010. The phosphorous levels studied were 0 (N :P2O5: K2O), 0 (P2O5), 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 P2O5 Kg/ha. The results showed significant effect of P2O5 @ 50 kg/ha and 60 kg/ha as compare to lower doses of phosphorous. All varying levels of phosphorous affected the head diameter, number of seeds per head, 1000-seeds weight, achene’s yield and achene’s oil content but significant positive effect was observed where P2O5 @ 60 kg/ha N @ 50 kg/ha and K2O 15 kg/ha was applied. However, number of plants, remained non-significant. It is, therefore, recommended to apply phosphorous @ 60 kg/ha for obtaining higher yield of sunflower.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Ghazanfar Ullah Sadozai, Muhammad Farhad, Muhammad Ayyaz Khan, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Niamatullah, Muhammad Safdar Baloch, Abdul Aziz Khakwani and Kashif Wasim, 2013. Effect of Different Phosphorous Levels on Growth,Yield and Quality of Spring Planted Sunflower. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 12: 1070-1074.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2013.1070.1074

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2013.1070.1074

REFERENCES

  1. AOAC., 1995. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Official Methods of Analysis. 16th Edn., AOAC., Arlington, Virginia, USA


  2. Agrawal, M.M., B.V. Singh and C. Kumar, 2000. Effect of phosphorus and sulphur on yield, N, P, K and S content and uptake by sunflower (Helianthus annuus). Ind. J. Agron., 45: 184-187.


  3. Ali, H., H.A. Randhawa and M. Yousaf, 2004. Quantitative and qualitative traits of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) as influenced by planting dates and nitrogen application. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 6: 410-412.
    Direct Link  |  


  4. Amanullah and M.W. Khan, 2010. Interactive effects of potassium and phosphorus on phenology and grain yield of sunflower in Northwest Pakistan. Pedosphere, 20: 674-680.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  


  5. Anonymous, 2009. Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan. Ministry of Food, Agriculture and livestock, Finance Division, Economic Advisor's wing, Islamabad.


  6. Anonymous, 2010. Economic survey of Pakistan. Ministry of Finance, Economic Adviser wing, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad.


  7. Arif, M., K.M. Kakar and G.M. Kakar, 2003. Response of sunflower to various levels of nitrogen and phosphorus. J. Sci. Tech. Univ. Peshawar, 27: 63-66.


  8. Aslam, M., M.A. Khan, I.U. Awan, E.A. Khan, A.A. Khan and G. Jilani, 2011. Effect of single and combined use of various organic amendments on wheat grown over green manured soil: I. growth and yield attributes. Pak. J. Nutr., 10: 640-646.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  


  9. Aulakh, M.S. and N.S. Pasricha, 1996. Nitrogen and Phosphorus requirement and ability to scaverge soil N by hybrids sunflower. Crop Improve., 23: 247-252.


  10. Bhagat, G.J., A. Hamid, S.P. Bonde, M.D. Giri and M. Sajid, 2005. Yield, quality, concentration, uptake and availability of nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) as influenced by irrigation and sulphur levels. Crop Res., 30: 30-36.


  11. Brady, N.C. and R.R. Weil, 2002. Soil Phosphorus and Potassium. In: The Nature and Properties of Soils, Brady, N.C. and R.R. Weil (Eds.). 13th Edn., Prentice-Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ


  12. Brennan, R.F. and M.D.A. Bolland, 2004. Wheat and canola response to concentrations of phosphorus and cadmium in a sandy soil. Aust. J. Exp. Agric., 44: 1025-1029.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  


  13. Cheema, M.A., M.A. Malik, A. Hussain, S.H. Shah and A.M.A. Basra, 2001. Effects of time and rate of nitrogen and phosphorus application on the growth and the seed and oil yields of canola (Brassica napus L.). J. Agron. Crop Sci., 186: 103-110.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  


  14. Fagundes, J.D., G. Santiago, A.M. Mello, R.A. Belle and N.A. Streck, 2007. Growth, development and delay of leaf senescence in pot-grown sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.): Sources and rates of nitrogen. Ciencia Rural, 37: 987-993.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  


  15. Gahoonia, T.S., F. Asmar, H. Giese, G. Gisel-Nielsen and N.E. Nielsen, 2000. Root-released organic acids and phosphorus uptake of two barley cultivars in laboratory and field experiments. Eur. J. Agron., 12: 281-289.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  


  16. Khalil, I.A. and A. Jan, 2010. Cropping Technology. 3rd Edn., National Book Foundation, Islamabad, Pakistan, Pages: 250


  17. Kumar, S., A.K. Singh and A.K. Vyas, 1995. Effect of N and P application on their uptake and biomass production by sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Ann. Agric. Res., 16: 513-514.


  18. Kumaresn, M.A., V.S. Shanmugasundaram and T.N. Balasubramanian, 2001. Integrated phosphorus management in maize (Zea mays)-sunflower (Helianthus annuus)-cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) fodder cropping system. Ind. J. Agron., 46: 404-409.
    Direct Link  |  


  19. Lickfett, T., B. Matthaus, L. Velasco and C. Mollers, 1999. Seed yield, oil and phytate concentration in the seeds of two oilseed rape cultivars as affected by different phosphorus supply. Eur. J. Agron., 11: 293-299.
    CrossRef  |  


  20. Malik, M.A., M.F. Saleem, M. Sana and A. Rehman, 2004. Suitable level of N, P and K for harvesting the maximum economic returns of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Int. J. Agric. Biol., 6: 240-242.
    Direct Link  |  


  21. McKenzie, R.H., E. Bremer, L. Kryzanowski, A.B. Middleton and E.D. Solberg et al., 2003. Yield benefit of phosphorus fertilizer for wheat, barley and canola in Alberta. Can. J. Soil Sci., 83: 431-441.
    CrossRef  |  


  22. Muralidharudu, Y., I.Y.L.N. Murthy, K.P.C. Reddy, B.N. Reddy and H.T. Chandranath, 2003. Response of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) to phosphorus application in vertisols. HELIA, 26: 147-154.


  23. Nandhagopal, A., K.S. Subramanian and A. Opalan, 1995. Response of sunflower hybrids to nitrogen and phosphorus under irrigated conditions. Madras Agric. J., 82: 80-83.


  24. Nawaz, N., G. Sarwar, M. Yousaf, T. Naseeb, A. Ahmad and M.J. Shah, 2003. Yield and yield components of sunflower as affected by various NPK levels. Asian J. Plant Sci., 2: 561-562.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  


  25. Sadiq, S.A., M. Shahid, A. Jan and S. Nooruddin, 2000. Effect of various levels of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium (NPK) on growth, yield and yield components of sunflower. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 3: 338-339.


  26. Saleem, M.F. and M.A. Malik, 2004. Agro-economic assessment of different phosphorous levels for diverse sunflower hybrids (Helianthus annuus L.). J. Agric. Res., 42: 261-270.


  27. Sarkar, R.K., A. Chakraborty and B. Bala, 1995. Response of sunflower to crop geometry and N and P application on rice fallow gangetic alluvial soil. Ind. J. Agron., 40: 657-659.


  28. Shaheen, A., M.A. Naeem, G. Jilani and M. Shafiq, 2011. Restoring the land productivity through soil water conservation and improved fertilizer application in eroded land of Pothwar plateau in Punjab province, Pakistan. Plant Prod. Sci., 14: 196-201.
    CrossRef  |  


  29. Shenoy, V.V. and G.M. Kalagudi, 2005. Enhancing plant phosphorus use efficiency for sustainable cropping. Biotechnol. Adv., 23: 501-513.
    CrossRef  |  


  30. Singh, J., K.P. Singh and S.S. Yadav, 1998. Nutrient uptake pattern of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) as influenced by azotobacter, farmyard manure, nitrogen and phosphorus. Ind. J. Agron., 43: 474-479.


  31. Steel, R., J. Torrie and D. Dickey, 1999. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. 3rd Edn., McGraw-Hill, New York, USA
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  


  32. Turk, M.A. and A.M. Tawaha, 2002. Impact of seedling rate, seeding date, rate and method of phosphorus application in faba bean (Vicia faba L. Minor) in the absence of moisture stress. Biotechnol. Agron. Soc. Environ., 6: 171-178.


  33. Sawan, Z.M., S.A. Hafez, A.E. Basyony and A.E.E.R. Alkassas, 2006. Cottonseed, protein, oil yields and oil properties as influenced by potassium fertilization and foliar application of zinc and phosphorus. World J. Agric. Sci., 2: 66-74.
    Direct Link  |  


©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved