Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Effect of Fermented Katuk Leaf (Sauropus androgynus L. Merr.) in Diets On Cholesterol Content of Broiler Chicken Carcass



Erman Syahruddin, R. Herawaty and R.W.S. Ningrat
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Chicken meat is very nutritious. It is sometimes blamed to cause stroke attack and coronary heart disease in human, because of high fat and cholesterol contents in the chicken meat. Therefore, the aim of this experiment is to evaluate the effect of fermented katuk leaf levels in diets on the cholesterol content of broiler chicken carcass. The experiment was based on completely randomized design with eight experimental diets containing 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10,12 and 14% of fermented katuk leaf. All diets were formulated to contain 21% crude protein and 3200 kcal/kg. Each treatment had three replicates with ten chickens per replicate. Two hundred and forty day old unsexed Lohmann broiler chicks were fed ad lib for eight weeks and then slaughtered. Feed consumption, body weight gain, feed conversion ratio and cholesterol content of carcass were taken as variable responses. Data were analyzed based on analysis of variance and orthogonal comparisons. Results showed that feed consumption, daily weight gain, FCR and carcass content were not affected by the levels of fermented katuk leaf in the diet. However, cholesterol content of broiler carcass was significantly (p<0.05) affected by the dietary treatments. Cholesterol content of the carcass was reduced processed 19.32% 72.48 to 58.48 mg/100 g chicken meat. The lowest cholesterol level was obtained by feeding the chickens with diets containing 14% fermented katuk leaf.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Erman Syahruddin, R. Herawaty and R.W.S. Ningrat, 2013. Effect of Fermented Katuk Leaf (Sauropus androgynus L. Merr.) in Diets On Cholesterol Content of Broiler Chicken Carcass. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 12: 1013-1018.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2013.1013.1018

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2013.1013.1018

REFERENCES
1:  Cherry, J.A., P.B. Siegel and W.L. Beane, 1978. Genetic nutritional relationships in growth and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. Poult. Sci., 57: 1482-1487.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Deshpande, V., S. Keskar, C. Mishra and M. Rao, 1986. Direct conversion of cellulose/hemicellulose to ethanol by Neurospora crassa. Enzyme Microbial Technol., 45: 149-152.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

3:  Gunawan and D.T.H. Sihombing, 2004. The effect of high environment temperature on physiological condition and productivity of native chicken. Wartazoa, 14: 31-38.
Direct Link  |  

4:  Heinz, V., R. Buckow and D. Knorr, 2005. Catalytic activity of β-amylase from barley in different pressure/temperature domains. Biotechnol. Progress, 21: 1632-1638.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Hirschberg, J., 2001. Carotenoid biosynthesis in flowering plants. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol., 4: 210-218.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

6:  Hsieh, C. and F.C. Yang, 2003. Reusing soy residue for the solid-state fermentation of Ganoderma lucidum. Bioresour. Technol., 91: 105-109.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Kohlmeier, L. and S.B. Hastings, 1995. Epidemiologic evidence of a role of carotenoids in cardiovascular disease prevention. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 62: 1370S-1376S.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

8:  Leeson, S. and J.D. Summers, 1997. Commercial Poultry Nutrition. 3rd Edn., University Books, Guelph, Canada, Pages: 350.

9:  Ma, J., Y. Li, Q. Ye, J. Li and Y. Hua et al., 2000. Constituents of red yeast rice, a traditional Chinese food and medicine. J. Agric. Food Chem., 48: 5220-5225.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

10:  McGilvery, R.W. and G.W. Goldstein, 1983. Biochemistry: A Functional Approach. 3rd Edn., W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, ISBN: 4-7557-0080-9.

11:  Murugesan, G.S., M. Sathishkumar and K. Swaminathan, 2005. Supplementation of waste tea fungal biomass as a dietary ingredient for broiler chicks. Bioresour. Technol., 96: 1743-1748.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  NRC., 1994. Nutrient Requirement of Poultry. 9th Rev. Edn., National Academy Press, Washington, DC., USA., ISBN-13: 978-0-309-04892-7, Pages: 176.

13:  Nurdin, H., 1994. Withdrawal of beta-carotene from palm oil waste and its effect on cholesterol reduction. Reports Andlas University Research Grant Competition.

14:  Reports Andlas University Research Grant Competition. 2003. Vitamin A content in katuk leaves (Sauropus androgynus L. Merr.) and its effect in enhanging the performance of laying hens. Report of the 21st International Vitamin A Consultative Group Meeting, Marrakech, Morocco.

15:  Piliang, W.G. and S. Djojosoebagio, 2001. Fisiologi Nutrisi. Vol. 1, Bogor Agricultural Institute, Bogor.

16:  Proudfoot, F.G., H.W. Hulan and K.B. McRae, 1982. The effect of crumbled and pelleted feed on the incidence of sudden death syndrome among male chicken broilers. Poult. Sci., 61: 1766-1768.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Rhodes, W.G., R.A. Lindberg and H. Drucker, 1983. Purification and characterization of an extracellular acid protease from Neurospora crassa. Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 223: 514-520.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

18:  Scott, M.L., M.C. Nesheim and R.J. Young, 1982. Nutrition of the Chicken. 3rd Edn., M.L. Scott and Associates Ithaca, New York, USA., ISBN-10: 0960272623, Pages: 562.

19:  Shurtleff, W. and A. Aoyagi, 1979. The Book of Tempeh: A. Super Soyfood From Indonesian. Harper and Raw, New York, Pages: 248.

20:  Steel, R.G.D., J.H. Torrie and D.A. Zoberer, 1997. Principles and Procedures of Statistics a Biometrical Approach. 3rd Edn., McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, Pages: 666.

21:  Stocker, R., 1993. Natural antioxidants and atherosclerosis. Asia Pac. J. Clin. Nutr., 2: 15-20.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  Syahruddin, S., H. Abbas, E. Purwati and Y. Heryandi, 2011. The effect of noni leaf (Morinda citrifolia L.) fermented of choleaterol content of broiler chicken carcasses. J. Ilmu Ternak Veteriner, 16: 266-271.

23:  Syahruddin, E. and H. Rita, 2012. Giving katuk leaves fermented with Neurospora crassa on broiler performance. Research Report Faculty of Animal Husbandry Andalas University Padang.

24:  Wahju, J., 1992. Poultry Nutrition Science. Gajah Mada University Press, Bogor.

25:  Wahyu, J., 1997. Poultry Nutrition Science. Gajah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

26:  Wang, G., Y. Weiss and J.D. Keasling, 2002. Amplification of HMG coa reductase production enhances carotenoid accumulation in Neurospora crassa. Metabolic Eng. J., 25: 124-129.

27:  Winarno, F.G. and D. Fardiaz, 1980. Introduction to Food Technology. Publisher PT, Gramedia, Jakarta.

28:  Zuidhof, M.J., R.H. McGovern, B.L. Schneider, J.J.R. Feddes, F.E. Robinson and D.R. Korver, 2004. Implications of preslaughter feeding cues for broiler behavior and carcass quality. Poult. Res., 13: 335-341.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved