Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Impact of Integrated Nutrient Management on Yield and Nutrient Uptake by Maize under Rain-Fed Conditions



Muhammad Sarwar, Ghulam Jilani, Ejaz Rafique, Muhammad Ehsan Akhtar and Arshad Nawaz Chaudhry
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

A field study was conducted to determine the effect of Zinc (Zn) application as well as interactive effect of organic and mineral fertilizer sources of nitrogen (N) on maize productivity and nutrient uptake during 2008 at NARC, Islamabad. Four combinations of N sources, viz. control; 100 % recommended dose of N from Chemical Fertilizer (CF); 75% N from CF + 25% N from Farm Yard Manure (FYM) and 50% N from CF + 50% N from FYM and three levels of Zn fertilizer, viz. 0, 4, 8 kg Zn/ha were applied. Maximum maize grain yield, viz., 5.18 t/ha was obtained with 75% + 25% (CF + FYM) and 4 kg Zn/ha. It was statistically at par with treatment having 50% + 50% (CF + FYM) and 4 kg Zn/ha as well as 75% + 25% and 8 kg Zn/ha. Zinc application also enhanced maize grain yield by 12% over treatment where no Zn was applied i.e. 4.08 t/ha. Highest N uptake, viz., 98.7 kg/ha was observed with 50% + 50% (CF + FYM) and 8 kg Zn/ha application. Similarly, maximum Zn uptake, viz., 250.7 g/ha was observed with 75% + 25 % (CF + FYM) and 4 kg Zn/ha application. The study revealed that substitution of 25 or 50% N with FYM + 4 kg Zn/ha performed better than 100% N fertilizer alone, with respect to leaf area index, grain and straw yield, soil organic matter content and nutrient uptake.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Muhammad Sarwar, Ghulam Jilani, Ejaz Rafique, Muhammad Ehsan Akhtar and Arshad Nawaz Chaudhry, 2012. Impact of Integrated Nutrient Management on Yield and Nutrient Uptake by Maize under Rain-Fed Conditions. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 11: 27-33.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2012.27.33

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2012.27.33

REFERENCES
1:  Abbasi, M.K., Z. Shah and W.A. Adams, 2003. Effect of the nitrification inhibitor nitrapyrin on the fate of nitrogen applied to the soil incubated under laboratory condition J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci., 166: 513-518.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Ahmad, R., M. Naveed, M. Aslam, Z.A. Zahir, M. Arshad and G. Jilani, 2008. Economizing the use of nitrogen fertilizer in wheat production through enriched compost. Renewable Agric. Food Syst., 23: 243-249.
Direct Link  |  

3:  Ahmad, S.I., M.K. Abbasi and G. Rasool, 2002. Integrated plant nutrition system in wheat under rainfed conditions of Rawalakot, Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Pak. J. Soil Sci., 21: 79-86.

4:  Akhter, M.N., M. Tahir, M. Iqbal, H.N. Asghar and M. Arshad, 2005. Integrated application of enriched compost chemical fertilizers and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria containing ACC-deaminase for improving growth and yield of wheat. Soil Environ., 24: 120-127.

5:  Ahmed, A.A., E.A. Akinrinde, S.O Olubakin and S.O. Omotoso, 2006. Influence of zinc fertilizer, poultry manure and application levels on the performance of sweet corn. Agric. J., 1: 96-103.
Direct Link  |  

6:  Anderson, J.M. and J.S.I. Ingram, 1993. Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility: A Handbook of Methods. 2nd Edn., CAB. International, Oxfordshire, Wallingford, UK., ISBN: 0-85198-821-0.

7:  Bakyt, K. and B. Sade, 2002. Response of field grown barley cultivars grown on zinc deficient soil to zinc application. Comm. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 33: 533-544.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

8:  Bhattacharyya, R., V. Prakash, S. Kundu, A.K. Srivastva and H.S. Gupta, 2004. Effect of long-term manuring on soil organic carbon, bulk density and water retention characteristics under soybean-wheat cropping sequence in North-western Himalayas. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 52: 238-242.
Direct Link  |  

9:  Bokhtiar, S.M. and K. Sakurai, 2005. Integrated use of organic and chemical fertilizer on growth, yield and quality of sugarcane in high Ganges river flood plain soils of Bangladesh. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 36: 1823-1837.

10:  Chaudhry, A.N., G. Jilani, M.A. Khan and T. Iqbal, 2009. Improved processing of poultry litter to reduce nitrate leaching and enhance its fertilizer quality. Asian J. Chem., 21: 4997-5003.
Direct Link  |  

11:  Dilshad, M.D., M.I. Lone, G. Jilani, M.A. Malik, M. Yousaf, R. Khalid and F. Shamim, 2010. Integrated Plant Nutrient Management (IPNM) on maize under rainfed condition. Pak. J. Nutr., 9: 896-901.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Gasser, J.K.R., 1964. Some factor affecting losses of ammonia from urea and ammonium sulphate applied to soils. J. Soil Sci., 15: 258-272.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  GOP, 2009. Crops area and production by districs. MINFA, Economic Wing, pp: 25.

14:  Hussain, T., G. Jilani, J.F. Parr and R. Ahmad, 1995. Transition from conventional to alternative agriculture in Pakistan: The role of green manures in substituting for inorganic N fertilizers in a rice-wheat farming system. Am. J. Alternat. Agric., 10: 133-137.
CrossRef  |  

15:  Jilani, G., A. Akram, R.M. Ali, F.Y. Hafeez, I.H. Shamsi, A.N. Chaudhry and A.G. Chaudhry, 2007. Enhancing crop growth, nutrients availability, economics and beneficial rhizosphere microflora through organic and biofertilizers. Ann. Microbiol., 57: 177-183.
CrossRef  |  

16:  Jones, Jr., J.B., B. Wolf and H.A. Mills, 1991. Plant Analysis Handbook. Macro-Micro Publishing, Inc., Athens, Georgia, USA., Pages: 213.

17:  Kanchikerimath, M. and D. Singh, 2001. Soil organic matter and biological properties after 26 years of maize-wheat-cowpea cropping as affected by manure and fertilization in a combisol India. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 86: 155-162.
Direct Link  |  

18:  Kaye, J.P. and S.C. Hart, 1997. Competition for nitrogen between plants and soil microorganisms. Trends Ecol. Evol., 12: 139-143.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

19:  Lioveras, J., M. Aran, P. Villar, A. Ballesta and A. Arcaya et al., 2004. Effects of swine slurry on Alfalfa production and on tissue and soil nutrient concentration. Agron. J., 96: 986-991.
Direct Link  |  

20:  Math, S.K.N. and B.S. Trivedi, 2001. Effect of organic amendments and zinc on the yield content and uptake of zinc by wheat and maize grown in succession. Madras Agric. J., 87: 108-113.
Direct Link  |  

21:  Mugwe, J., D. Mugendi, J. Kungu and M.M. Muna, 2009. Maize yields response to application of organic and inorganic input under on-station and on-farm experiments in central Kenya. Exp. Agric., 45: 47-59.
Direct Link  |  

22:  Nelson, D.W. and L.E. Sommers, 1996. Total Carbon, Organic Carbon and Organic Matter. In: Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 3-Chemical Methods, Sparks, D.L., A.L. Page, P. Helmke, A. Loeppert and R.H. Soltanpour et al. (Eds.). Soil Science Society of America, Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, pp: 961-1010.

23:  Falade, M.J. and S.O. Omotoso, 2007. Zinc and organo-mineral fertilization effects on biomass production in maize (Zea mays) grown on acid sand alfisol (Typic Paleudalf). Res. J. Agron., 1: 62-65.
Direct Link  |  

24:  Osman, A.G., F.I. Abd Elaziz and G.A. ElHassan, 2010. Effects of biological and mineral fertilization on yield, chemical composition and physical characteristics of Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) cultivar seleim. Pak. J. Nutr., 9: 703-708.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

25:  Palm, C.A., R.J.K. Mayers and S.M. Nandwa, 1997. Organic and Inorganic Nutrient Interaction Soil Fertility Replenishment. In: Replenishing Soil Fertility in Africa, Buresh, R.J., P.A. Sanchez and F. Calhoun (Eds.). SSSA, Madison WI, USA., pp: 193-217.

26:  Rashid, A. and N. Ahmad, 1994. Soil testing in Pakistan: Country Report. Proceedings of the FADINAP Regional workshop on co-operation in soil Testing for Asia and the Pacific, August 16-18, 1993, Bangkok, Thiland, United Nations, New York, pp: 39-53.

27:  Rasool, R., S.S. Kukal and G.S. Hira, 2007. Soil physical fertility and crop performance as affected by long term application of FYM and inorganic fertilizers in rice-wheat system. Soil Till. Res., 96: 64-72.

28:  Shaheen, A., M.A. Naeem, G. Jilani and M. Shafiq, 2010. Integrated soil management in eroded land augments the crop yield and water-use efficiency. Acta Agric. Scand. Section B: Soil Plant Sci., 60: 274-282.
CrossRef  |  

29:  Sial, R.A., E.H. Chaudhary, S. Hussain and M. Naveed, 2007. Effect of organic manures and chemical fertilizers on grain yield of maize in rain-fed area. Soil Environ., 26: 130-133.

30:  Soltanpour, P.N. and S. Workman, 1979. Modification of the NH4 HCO3-DTPA soil test to omit carbon black. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 10: 1411-1420.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

31:  Tiwari, V.N., L.K. Lehri, K.N. Tiwari and H. Singh, 1998. Effect of the incorporation of groundnut plant residue on wheat-yield, nutrient uptake and soil productivity. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 46: 43-47.
Direct Link  |  

32:  Wright, R.J. and T. Stuczynski, 1996. Atomic Absorption and Flame Emission Spectrometry. In: Methods of Soil Analysis-Part 3. Chemical Methods, Sparks, D.L. (Ed.). SSSA Book Series, USA., pp: 65-90.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved